This 1,800-year-old tombstone depicts a gladiator holding two swords standing above his defeated opponent who is signalling submission. The inscription below says Diodoros, a gladiator, was buried here. _ Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels. _
Ruins of Ephesus, Turkey..... It was one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world. Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation.The Gospel of John may have been written here.The city was the site of several 5th century Christian Councils, (see Council of Ephesus). It is also the site of a large gladiators' graveyard.
bronze figurine of gladiator: greaves, small shield, helmet with horns and crest; Roman, first-second century CE London, British Museum. arena, sport, combat
The main training schools for gladiators were in Capua, south of Rome. Some gladiators were volunteers (mostly freedmen or very low classes of freeborn men) who chose to take on the status of a slave for the monetary rewards or the fame and excitement. Anyone who became a gladiator was automatically infamis, beneath the law and by definition not a respectable citizen. A small number of upper-class men competed in the arena but they constituted a special, esoteric form of entertainment