This is probably the only picture of Kate Warne, the first female detective. Not only was she the first detective, but she went on to save the life of president elect Abraham Lincoln after uncovering a plot to assassinate him on the way to Washington D.C. to take office. She was best known for being a master of disguise, able to switch from Union soldier, to Southern debutante, to a harmless grandmother.
Meet the “Chinese Joan of Arc,” Qiu Jin (秋瑾) (1875-1907), a radical women’s rights activist who defied tradition to become the leader of a revolutionary army. Qiu Jin boldly challenged traditional gender roles and demanded equal rights and opportunities for women. She was the first woman to lead an armed uprising against the corrupt Qing Dynasty, for which she was arrested and executed. She became the first female martyr for China’s 1911 Revolution and is celebrated as a national heroine…
Hannie Schaft (aka "the Girl with the red hair"). responsible for the assassination of five collaborators. Hitler himself had demanded her arrest, urging the Sicherheitsdienst to find her. Hannie was born in Haarlem, The Netherlands on September 16, 1920. On April 17, 1945, less than three weeks before the liberation of the Netherlands, Hannie was shot by the Germans in the dunes near Overveen. She was only 24 years old.
Olive Oatman was "the first white tattooed woman in the history of the United States..." ~ Olive Oatman was 13 when she travelled from Illinois to California with her Mormon family. On the journey, the family were ambushed by a Native American tribe, who killed all but Olive, her Sister (who lated died of starvation) and her Brother (who escaped). After being sold to another tribe, as a slave, she was tattooed (tattoo) and taken in as "one of their own". She was 'rescued' 5 years later.
Minnie Brown, taken at White Studios, NY, 1907 From the link: “She was an actress and singer. And also a member of the Williams & Walker Vaudevillian troupe. In 1920 she served as vice president for the National Association of Negro Musicians.”
"The photo of Lincoln lying in an open coffin is the only one that exists. It was taken by photographer Jeremiah Gurney, Jr., on April 24, 1865, as the president’s body lay in state in City Hall in New York. It was immediately confiscated by Secretary of War Edwin Stanton (1814-1869) and was hidden away for 87 years until it was discovered in the Illinois State Historical Library in 1952, by then 15-year-old Ronald Rietveld, who was researching the papers of Lincoln’s personal secretaries."
June 24, 1896: Booker T. Washington, president of Tuskegee Institute, becomes the first African American to be awarded an honorary degree by Harvard University. Born into slavery in Virginia, Washington moved to Alabama in 1881 to open Tuskegee Normal School. He soon gained fame as an educational leader among black Americans, a fact which Harvard recognized with a Master of Arts degree.
The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed on Sunday, September 15, 1963 as an act of racially motivated terrorism. The explosion at the African-American church, which killed four girls, marked a turning point in the U.S. 1960s Civil Rights Movement and contributed to support for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
WOMEN'S HERO: (August 27, 1875 – December 28, 1967) Katherine McCormick, first female biology graduate from MIT and millionaire philanthropist, aligns with Margaret Sanger and smuggles diaphragms into the US. Later she funds research that leads to the pill. Following her death in 1967, aged 92, her will provided 5 million to Stanford University School of Medicine to support female doctors.
The first Black pianist to win national fame was Thomas Greene Bethune, [Blind Tom]. He was also the first black artist known to have performed at the White House. Then about ten years old, he played the piano for President James Buchanan. Born a slave near Columbus, Georgia, Bethune’s talent as a composer and a pianist was soon recognized by Colonel Bethune, who had purchased him in 1850. per queennubian.tumblr.com
Interesting fact: Lincoln was shot at, in 1863, Lincoln rode alone to the Soldiers’ Home. A shot rang out and a bareheaded Lincoln came back to the compound clinging to his steed. Lincoln explained that a gunshot had gone off at the foot of the hill, sending the horse galloping so fast it knocked his hat off. Two soldiers retrieved Lincoln’s hat, which had a bullet hole right through it. The president asked the guards to keep the incident under wraps: He didn’t want to worry his wife Mary
Williamina Stevens (born 1857, Scotland), abandoned by her husband at 22 in Boston, Mass. with a baby, she worked for the director of Harvard Observatory. There she devised a system assigning stars letters based on their hydrogen & used it to catalogue >10,000 stars in 9 years. She was the 1st female Curator of Astronomical Photographs & 1st US female honorary member of the Royal Astronomical Society of London. She discovered 59 gaseous nebulae, over 310 variable stars, 10 novae & white…