Susie King Taylor's memoirs are the only known published recollection of the experiences of an African American nurse during the Civil War. In a letter to Taylor, reproduced in her book, Lt. Colonel Trowbridge, commander of the regiment, praises her "unselfish devotion and service through more than three long years of war in which the 33d Regiment bore a conspicuous part in the great conflict for human liberty and the restoration of the Union."

Mary Eliza Mahoney (1845-1926). First professional African American RN in USA.

Mary Edmonia Lewis (ca. July 4, 1845 – ca. 1911) was the first African American and Native American woman to gain fame and recognition as a sculptor in the international fine arts world. She was of African American, Haitian and Ojibwe descent.

On September 12, 1992 Mae Jemison became the first African American woman in space as part of the Endeavor crew. On the flight she took a poster from the Alvin Ailey American Dance Company representing the creativity of both science and dance, several small art objects from West African countries to symbolize that space belongs to all nations, and a photograph of early African American aviator Bessie Coleman. #TodayInBlackHistory

American Civil War Uniforms

Bessie Coleman - first female African American pilot. No American flight schools would take her, so she moved to France to train and live. She earned her living barnstorming and stunt flying.

Amelia Earhart in her nurses aid uniform.Toronto, CA during WW1.

Rosa Parks: Change the world in a single bus ride? Rosa Parks did. Parks wasn’t the first African American to refuse to give up her seat for a white passenger on public transit, but she was the one who sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which made the US civil rights movement world news. Parks reminds us that even small acts of defiance can have a huge impact. Photo: Mickey Adair

Osborne Anderson was the only African American to Survive, among the five Black Men that accompanied John Brown on the raid on Harpers Ferry! In 1861 Anderson wrote A Voice From Harper’s Ferry. He believed that southern accounts were biased, he felt compelled to give an account of the event from the raiders’ perspective. http://www.cafepress.com/juneteenthday1

African Americans, Military Heroes, Black Stars, Afro Books, Black Afrikan, African American History, American Military

Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher 1948 Ada Lois Sipuel When denied admission on the basis of race, Fisher filed a suit asserting that she must be admitted to the OU Law School since there was no comparable facility for African American students. Losing in state courts, Marshall argued the case before the Supreme Court which reversed the lower courts in 1948

6 Medical Experiments on African-Americans You Never Knew About______ Radiation experiment subject Elmer Allen is comforted by her daughter.

Robert Gould Shaw commanded the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, an African American regiment. Shaw had already fought in the battles of Cedar Mountain and Antietam with the 2nd MA Inf. when he took command of the 54th at the age of 25. Shaw was hesitant to leave his comrades for service in a regiment that he doubted would ever see action. Never the less, he would die leading them during their assault on Battery Wagner outside of Chalreston, SC.

Black History fact: Potato chips were invented by an African American http://www.examiner.com/article/black-history-fact-potato-chips-were-invented-by-african-american

Mary Eliza Mahoney was the first African American registered nurse in the United States. Amazing. // feb 5

African American Civil War nurses

As a young slave girl, Susie King Taylor secretly learned to read and write. Her skills proved invaluable to the Union Army as they began to form regiments of African American soldiers. Hired by the 1st South Carolina Colored Volunteers as a laundress in 1862, her primary roles were to nurse to wounded soldiers and to teach those who could not read or write. Taylor served for more than three years, working alongside her husband, Edward King, a sergeant in the regiment.

Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.

Part 14: Who Was Susie King Taylor? Susie King Taylor ~ August 1848 – October, 1912 Notable Facts: * Teacher; first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia * Army nurse, serving during the American Civil War * Author of “Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops, Late 1st S.C. Volunteers”, she was the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences. Reflections:Susie King Taylor began life as a..

Coretta Scott King (Author) Book Award recognizing an African American author and illustrator of outstanding books for children and young adults

The first black woman to serve as a mayor of a major U.S. city was Sharon Pratt Dixon Kelly, Washington, DC, 1991–1995. Read more: Famous Firsts by African Americans (Inventors, Government, Law, Literature, Film) | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/spot/bhmfirsts.html#ixzz2alRkGsME