Auschwitz - Birkenau, concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. From the 1942 Auschwitz became the largest site for the murder of Jews brought here under the Nazi plan for their extermination. More than 1,100,000 people lost their lives here.Many of those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.
Sophia Magdalena Scholl (9 May 1921 – 22 February 1943) was a German student and revolutionary, active within the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich with her brother Hans. As a result, they were both executed by guillotine. She was only 21.
During World War II, Josephine Baker served with the French Red Cross and was an active member of the French resistance movement. Using her career as a cover Baker became an intelligence agent, carrying secret messages written in invisible ink on her sheet music. She was awarded honor of the Croix de Guerre, and received a Medal of the Resistance in 1946.
If there's one thing Sara Ginaite-Rubinson, 85. is adamant about, it's that she is not a hero. As a Holocaust survivor and part of an anti-Nazi resistant group, she's often classified as a hero. "I don't think a survivor is a hero. A hero is a person who tried and didn't survive. To survive was accidental; it was pure luck. This is the reality of the Holocaust," she recalls.
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Graves of a Catholic woman and her Protestant husband, who were not allowed to be buried together. Roermond, Netherlands, 1888