Auschwitz - Birkenau, concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. From the 1942 Auschwitz became the largest site for the murder of Jews brought here under the Nazi plan for their extermination. More than 1,100,000 people lost their lives here.Many of those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.
This fine young lady is Sophie Scholl [9/5/1921-22/2/1943], best known as one of the main members of Die Weiße Rose (The White Rose), a German anti-Nazi group consisting mainly of students from the University of Munich. They wrote and distributed a series of leaflets condemning the Nazi regime, and excoriating the German public for their apathy towards the fate of German and Polish Jews. On the 18th of February, 1943, Sophie and her brother Hans were caught distributing leaflets at the univer
Josephine Baker in her World War II Uniform, c. 1945 During World War II, Josephine served with the French Red Cross and was an active member of the French resistance movement. The French Resistance was a group of individuals who helped to win the war against the German Nazis enemy with undercover work. Using her career as a cover Baker became an intelligence agent, carrying secret messages written in invisible ink on her sheet music. She was awarded honor of the Croix de Guerre, and re...
If there's one thing Sara Ginaite-Rubinson, 85. is adamant about, it's that she is not a hero. As a Holocaust survivor and part of an anti-Nazi resistant group, she's often classified as a hero. "I don't think a survivor is a hero. A hero is a person who tried and didn't survive. To survive was accidental; it was pure luck. This is the reality of the Holocaust," she recalls.