Charlemagne — Buste-reliquaire de Charlemagne dans la chambre des trésors de la crypte de la chapelle palatine d'Aix-la-Chapelle. Don de Charles IV en 1349, il contient la calotte crânienne de l'empereur
On this day in 742, the Frankish King Charlemagne was born in Liège. Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, became King in 768 upon the death of his father Pepin. Charlemagne initially co-ruled with his brother Carloman I until his death in 771, which left Charles as sole King. Charlemagne was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day 800. His military conquests created an empire which united a lot of modern Europe and he is thus known as the ‘father of Europe’.