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Mind you, if you're a Drawing student and you learn how to perceive negative-space, and you take into consideration your format (maybe by using a viewfinder) these will come naturally. But remember "Form follows function," and good design should 1) Capture attention 2) Hold attention and 3) Direct Attention and your compositions will have impact and be effective.
Rhythm: Rhythm can be described as timed movement through space; an easy, connected path along which the eye follows a regular arrangement of motifs. The presence of rhythm creates predictability and order in a composition. Rhythm depends largely upon the elements of pattern and movement to achieve its effects.
Movement: Movement in a visual image comes from the kinds of shapes, forms, lines, and curves that are used.
Pattern: Pattern uses the art elements in planned or random repetitions to enhance surfaces of paintings or sculptures. Patterns often occur in nature, and artists use similar repeated motifs to create pattern in their work. Pattern increases visual excitement by enriching surface interest.