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    Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau was a chemical engineer who designed the first commercial penicillin production plant. She was also the first female member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

    Alice Augusta Ball (1892-1916) was an African American scientist that would be responsible for creating an injectable treatment for Leprosy.

    Patricia Roberts Harris; the first African-American female ambassador; first African-American female law school dean in the country (Howard University); first black female in a presidential cabinet

    Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin was an Anglo-American astronomer. She changed the face of astrophysics with her 1925 PhD thesis, in which she demonstrated that the sun was made almost exclusively from hydrogen and helium. Only 2% of its mass came from the other chemical elements, such as iron, oxygen and silicon.

    Penicillin invented in 1929 by Dr. Alexander Fleming, London, England.

    Astronomer Henrietta Swan Leavitt discovered Cepheid variables, which helped prove the universe was bigger than the Milky Way. One of the many female scientists who have never gotten the recognition they deserved.

    Dorothy Hodgkin worked out the structure of penicillin, insulin and vitamin B12. But when, after 31 years of work, she won the Nobel Prize for science in 1964 the Daily Mail chose to run the story under the headline "Oxford housewife wins Nobel"

    Laura Bullion was a female outlaw of the Old West. Most sources indicate Bullion was born of German and Native American heritage. Laura Bullion was a member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang; her cohorts were fellow outlaws, including the Sundance Kid, "Black Jack" Ketchum, and Kid Curry. For several years in the 1890s, she was romantically involved with outlaw Ben Kilpatrick ("The Tall Texan"), a bank and train robber and an acquaintance of her father, who had been an outlaw, as well.

    Mary Sherman Morgan was America’s first female rocket scientist and she was credited with the invention of the liquid fuel Hydyne in 1957, which powered the Jupiter-C rocket that boosted the United States' first satellite, Explorer 1.

    Man's inhumanity to Man. Young Alan Turing (age 16) - founder of computer science, helped win World War II by decrypting the german coding machine Enigma. After the war he was tried in court for being gay, found guilty, forced to take castration pills, and then driven to commit suicide.

    Nellie Bly - Pen name of pioneering femail journalist Elizabeth Cochran who posed as a mental patient to write an expose in 1887 and travelled around the world in 72 days.

    RUSSIA: Valentina Tereshkova (1937 -); first woman in space Women we admire; influential women in history

    Helen Brooke Taussig (1898-1986) was an American cardiologist, working in Baltimore and Boston, who founded the field of pediatric cardiology. Notably, she is credited with developing the concept for a procedure that would extend the lives of children born with Tetrology of Fallot (also known as blue baby syndrome). This concept was applied in practice as a procedure known as the Blalock-Taussig shunt.

    Trying to force a man to work on your schedule. You know his doctors were female.

    Gertrude Belle Elion - 1918-1999 - American biochemist and pharmacologist who played a key role in developing the AIDS drug AZT, receiving the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1988 together with two other researchers. She was the first woman to be inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

    Mary Anderson (1866-1953) is an american engineer, inventor of the windshield wiper blad. Read more about inspirational story at www.amazingwomeni...

    In 1920, Olive Wetzel Dennis became only the second woman to obtain a Civil Engineering degree from Cornell. She was also first female member of the American Railway Engineering Association, and a few of her many innovations included seats that could partially recline; ceiling lights that could be dimmed at night, and air conditioned compartments. Other rail carriers followed suit, and buses and airlines then had to upgrade their level of comfort in order to compete with the railroads.

    Alexander Graham Bell - An eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Date: 1904. Photographer: Unknown – Print from Library of Congress.

    Another racist quote from the founder of Planned Parenthood, Margaret Sanger. Interesting that even though she is considered such a hero by many, her books are not promoted at the front of every bookstore. That is because people would realize how dark and evil her motives were in promoting abortion.

    Bessie Coleman, the daughter of a poor, southern, African American family, became one of the most famous women and African Americans in aviation history.

    Marie Skłodowska-Curie (1867-1934) was a physicist and chemist famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes—in physics and chemistry. She was the first female professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.