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    Map of the Underground Railroad, 1860. created 2004

    The Gullah are African Americans who live in the Lowcountry region of South Carolina and Georgia, which includes both the coastal plain and the Beaufort Sea Islands.

    Library of Congress photo showing Harriet Tubman, adopted daughter and husband Nelson Davis, formerly of the 8th USCT of Camp William Penn, located in Cheltenham Twp.

    The natives of Hawaii were Black people whose ancestral roots extend back to Africa. Prince Leleiohoku (1855-1877, Crown Prince of the Hawaiian Islands. Had he not died of rheumatic fever at age 23, his abundant talent promised that his would have been a brilliant musical career. His excellent songs are still being sung, among them " Adios Ke Aloha", and "Moani Ke Ala". The melodic line from "Kaua I Ka Huahua`i" was later adopted for the modern "Hawaiian War Chant."

    10 People You Probably Didn’t Know Were Black. Queen Charlotte of England, wife of King George III. Queen Charlotte was the descendant of Alfonso III and his lover Madragana, who was "a Moor" ( an old term for someone of African or Arabic descent). The royal family spelled out its link to African ancestors in a published report released before Queen Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953

    A History of Black people in Europe It is generally known that black people have been residing in European countries since the early colonial times. But even before the 15th century and during Roman times, a time when colour of skin still wasn’t a racist stigma but just another physical feature, black people lived in Europe.

    Powhatan Beaty (1837–1916) was born into slavery in Richmond, Virginia, moved to Cincinnati in. 1849, After graduation he was apprenticed to a black cabinetmaker and worked as a turner while continuing his theatrical training. He gained his freedom in 1861 and served in the 5th United States Colored Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. Became an actor, director and playwright and performed Shakespeare. (Photo courtesy of The Library of Congress)

    1890 & 2000 Maps of % of African American Population - intriguing comparison!

    On April 22, 1951, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, admitted its first African American medical atudent, Edward O. Diggs, of Winston Salem, NC. The ex Postal Worker started his own practice in High Point, NC, From 1956-59. Afterwards he worked at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington, D.C. and retired in 1978. Diggs thus becames the first person of his race to be accepted as a student by the University of North Carolina in its 62-year-old history.

    John Lewis Wilson was the only black person appointed to a team of seven architects to design the Harlem River Houses in New York. Wilson came from a prominent Mississippi family. He was the first black student to attend Columbia University’s School of Architecture in 1923. Source: Blacks Firsts: Groundbreaking Events in African American History

    Phillis Wheatley, a slave brought from Africa as a child and sold to a Boston merchant, spoke no English. By the time she was sixteen, however, under the tutelage of her owners, she had mastered the language. Her interest in literature led her to write and publish “Poems on Various Subjects” in 1773. She is one of, if not the, earliest published African American author.


    Elizabeth Keckley (1818-1907). Born in slavery in 1818. Bought her and her son's freedom. Worked as a seamstress in Washington D.C., where she met Mary Todd Lincoln. Was Mrs. Lincoln's personal modiste/fashion designer for six years. Founded Contraband Relief Association in 1862, to raise money for former slaves who had come to Union lines.Wrote an autobiography: Behind The Scenes

    On September 3, 1846 the American Missionary Association was founded in Albany NY by members of several protestant churches unable to work through their own denominations to abolish slaver and promote racial equality. The AMA later trained teachers and opened over 500 schools in the south after emancipation, spending more money on the project that the Freedmen's Bureau. It also founded 11 colleges including Fisk, Dillard, and Huston-Tillotson. #TodayInBlackHistory

    Mary Eliza Mahoney, R.N. First Black Nurse 1845 -1926 the first African American to study and work as a professionally trained nurse in the United States.

    Louisiana Creole People | creole provides an invaluable history of louisiana s creole people ...

    Little Known Black History Fact:Raven Wilkinson-Long before African-American ballerina Misty Copeland danced her way into American Ballet Theater,Raven Wilkinson was already a living legend as the 1st African-American woman to be signed by a major ballet company. Although she faced extreme racism and almost left her field,her resilience in the face of adversity is admirable. She was born Anne Raven Wilkinson in Harlem on February 2, 1935,Parents Dr. Frost Wilkinson,a dentist & click to read more

    12 Things Learned During Slavery that Black People Still Do Today

    Frederick Madison Roberts (Sept 14, 1879 – July 19, 1952) was an American newspaper owner and editor, educator and business owner; he became a politician, the first known man of African American descent elected to the California State Assembly. He served there for 16 years and became known as "dean of the assembly." A great-grandson of Sally Hemings of Monticello, he is widely believed to be a great-grandson of President Thomas Jefferson.

    In 1875, Oliver Lewis became the first jockey to win the Kentucky Derby, America's longest continuous sporting event. Louisville, Ky 1875


    Underground Railroad Map

    Second Lieutenant Walter Tull was the first black British Army officer. (1888-1918)

    Phillis Wheatley - Americas - 1773: Wheatley was the first black woman to publish a book. Born in Senegambia, she was sold into slavery at the age of 7 and transported to North America. She was purchased by a family who taught her to read and write and encouraged her poetry. The publication of her "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral" brought her fame in both England and the American Colonies. #womens #history #medieval era #black #women #authors