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"The khipu were knotted-string devices that were used for recording both statistical and narrative information, most notably by the Inka but also by other peoples of the central Andes from pre-Inkaic times, through the colonial and republican eras, and even – in a considerably transformed and attenuated form – down to the present day." Archaeologist Gary Urton, 2003 Quipu.png (299×449)
The Amarna letters (sometimes Amarna correspondence or Amarna tablets) archive, on clay tablets, mostly diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and Amurru during the New Kingdom. The letters were found in Upper Egypt at Amarna, the modern name for the Egyptian capital of Akhetaten (el-Amarna), founded by pharaoh Akhenaten (1350s – 1330s BC) during the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt.
Medieval Cats: A Procession of Cats. Bodleian Library, Oxford From a mid-13th century manuscript.
Orientalism lense... Asenath - from Edmund Dulac's Picture Book for the Red Cross The Oral Tradition of the Arabian Nights The Arabian Nights, the stories we know as the Thousand and One Nights are very old, having existed in their present form as early as the 13th century and many of them were told, by some accounts, as early as the 9th century.