Antique Persian char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. The armor plates can be rectangular or round, and the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th century, chahar aina cuirasses were introduced in Iran. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Persian mail and plate armor for horse and cavalry soldier, dating from 1450, this type of armor became the standard type of equipment for the heavy cavalry under the Timurids (1370-1506), the Mongol successor empire which ruled from Samarkand, and under the Ottoman Turks. These cavalry, armed with bow, sword and sometimes lance, were the main component of all medieval Islamic armies. the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Breastplace, 1540-45, Italian

Indo-Persian chamfron (armor for a horses head), 19th Century, blued iron, with a cusp and three arched mounts, the border decorated by a gilt plaque engraved with floral motifs, at the upper part two gold-inlaid engravings depicting cobras; with ear covers, complete with inside stuffing, 68 cm.

Persian char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh). Literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. The armor plates can be rectangular or round, and the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th century, chahar aina cuirasses were introduced in Iran, front and pack panels.

Persian Qajar dynasty char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), 19th century, plate body armor worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. Acid etched with calligraphy and figures of animals and humans surrounded by arabesque designs. The two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. Chahar aina cuirasses were introduced in Iran in the 16th century.

Antique Persian char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh). Literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. The armor plates can be rectangular or round, and the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th century, chahar aina cuirasses were introduced in Iran.

Indian dastana/bazu band (arm guards) and char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh). Literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. The armor plates can be rectangular or round, and the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th century, chahar aina cuirasses were introduced in Iran.

One side panel of a char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. The armor plates can be rectangular or round, and the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. Chahar aina cuirasses were introduced in Iran in the 16th century. Decorated in gold koftgari (damascene work in which steel is inlaid with gold).

Persian char-aina cuirass, (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), detail view, 18th c, literally the four mirrors, worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India, Central Asia. Rectangular or round plates, breast and back plates are larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th c, char-aina were introduced in Persia, steel, copper, textile (velvet), H. 15 1/2 in. (39.4 cm); L. 35 1/2 in. (90.2 cm), Met Museum.

Persian char-aina cuirass, (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), detail view, 18th c, literally the four mirrors, worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India, Central Asia. Rectangular or round plates, breast and back plates are larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th c, char-aina were introduced in Persia, steel, copper, textile (velvet), H. 15 1/2 in. (39.4 cm); L. 35 1/2 in. (90.2 cm), Met Museum.

Persian char-aina cuirass, (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), 18th c, literally the four mirrors, worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India, Central Asia. The plates can be rectangular or round, breast and back plates are larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th c, char-aina were introduced in Persia, steel, copper, textile (velvet), H. 15 1/2 in. (39.4 cm); L. 35 1/2 in. (90.2 cm), Met Museum.

Antique Persian char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh). Literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. The armor plates can be rectangular or round, and the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th century, chahar aina cuirasses were introduced in Iran. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Persian char-aina cuirass, detail view, 17th century,(chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh). Literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. Rectangular or round plates, the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th c, char-aina were introduced in Persia, steel; inlaid with gold, H. 14.50 in. (36.8 cm) Diam. 13 in. (33 cm), Met Museum.

Persian char-aina cuirass, (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), detail view, 18th c, literally the four mirrors, worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India, Central Asia. Rectangular or round plates, breast and back plates are larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th c, char-aina were introduced in Persia, steel, copper, textile (velvet), H. 15 1/2 in. (39.4 cm); L. 35 1/2 in. (90.2 cm), Met Museum.

Persian char-aina cuirass, 17th century,(chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh). Literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a zirah (shirt of mail) in Persia, India and Central Asia. The armor plates can be rectangular or round, and the two plates worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides which had recesses for the arms. During the 16th c, char-aina were introduced in Persia, steel; inlaid with gold, H. 14.50 in. (36.8 cm) Diam. 13 in. (33 cm), Met Museum.

Indo-Persian khula-khud (helmet), char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), literally the four mirrors, chest armor with four plates, dastanas/bazu band (vambrace/arm guards) retaining their covered hand guards, zirah (mail shirt)

Indian armor, khula-khud (helmet), char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), literally the four mirrors, chest armor with four plates, dastanas/bazu band (vambrace/arm guards), zirah (mail shirt) and zirah pajama (mail trousers).

Indian piti (quilted armor) helmet and an unusual char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh) cuirass, with an octagon front plate and mail connections to the other plates, worn over a zirah (shirt of mail).

Indian 18th century khula-khud (helmet), char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), literally the four mirrors, chest armor with four plates, dastanas/bazu band (vambrace/arm guards) retaining their covered hand guards, zirah (mail shirt) with ganga jamni mail (iron and copper/brass links in a pattern). Royal arsenals (Royal Armouries). Leeds.

Indian khula-khud (helmet), char-aina (chahar-aina, chahar a’ineh), literally the four mirrors, chest armor with four plates, dastanas/bazu band (vambrace/arm guards), silk padded mail armour jacket and trousers, cotton padding covering a layer of steel mail, the inside lining decorated with small floral sprays on a cream ground, a pair of steel slippers with leather attachments, firangi sword, cloth quiver with arrows, jacket 74 cm. long, trousers 100 cm. long, end of the 18th century.