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The top image shows the four main sections of the cerebral cortex: the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the occipital lobe, and the temporal lobe. Functions such as movement are controlled by the motor cortex, and the sensory cortex receives information on vision, hearing, speech, and other senses. The bottom image shows the location of the brain's major internal structures.
Can a Single Brain Cell “Think”? If So, What Does That Imply About the “Neural Code”? | My previous post suggested that two big, ambitious brain-mapping initiatives in Europe and the U.S. might be premature, given that scientists know so little about how physiological processes in the brain generate perceptions, memories, emotions, decisions and other components of the mind.
Cerebellum: Located at the back of the brain, the cerebellum controls: balance; movement; and coordination. The cerebellum also allows us to: stand upright; keep our balance; and move around. Damage to the cerebellum can result in: uncoordinated movement; loss of muscle tone; and an unsteady gait.