A rather more modern invention, the banoffee pie was supposedly the brainchild of the Hungry Monk restaurant in Sussex in the 1970s. Today it's often made with a biscuit crumb base, but the original recipe called for pastry. Picture: Simon Reddy / Alamy
Christmas or plum pudding is thought to go back as far as the medieval period, though it was not always associated with Christmas time. It is possibly related to plum pottage, a mix of meat, vegetables, dried fruits and sugar which was a way of preserving meat through the winter.
The first known recipe for trifle – a wobbling concoction of custard, cream, alcohol-soaked cake or bread and jelly – was published in the 1500s though then it was little more than a flavoured milk cream. In Italy, there's a not dissimilar dessert called zuppa inglese, or "English soup" that trifle probably inspired.
Battenberg cake is said to have been invented in 1884, in honour of the marriage of Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Victoria of Hesse-Darmsadt, to the German prince Louis of Battenberg. Like Coronation Chicken, created for our Queen's coronation nearly 70 years later, it was so popular it never went away. Picture: Bon Appetit / Alamy
The wonderfully-named flummery pudding is thought to have been a Welsh dish that was later adopted by the English. Traditionally oatmeal-based, today there are many variations around the world, with the name often referring to a kind of fruit custard or mousse.