Fayum mummy portrait, 2nd century. Mummy portraits were portraits painted on flat panels of wood and depicted the people who were mummified. The arid climate of Egypt has preserved the vivid color of many of the portraits.
Egyptian Mummy Portrait: Head of a Woman 130 - 160 AD Painting Long before realistic portrait painting developed in Europe in the Renaissance, Roman-Egyptian artists did striking likenesses in wax on limewood. To me, these are the most emotionally resonant of all the artifacts we see from egypt.