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The Gothic alphabet is an alphabet for writing the Gothic language, created in the 4th century by Ulfilas (or Wulfila) for the purpose of translating the Christian Bible. The alphabet is essentially an uncial form of the Greek alphabet, with a few additional letters to account for Gothic phonology: Latin F, two Runic letters to distinguish the /j/ and /w/ glides from vocalic /i/ and /u/, and the ƕair letter to express the Gothic labiovelar.

fol. 170r of the book of ballymote (1390), the uraicept na n-éces. explains the ogham script of early gaelic.

The Glagolitic alphabet was invented during the 9th century by the missionaries St Cyril (827-869 AD) and St Methodius (826-885 AD) in order to translate the Bible and other religious works into the language of the Great Moravia region. They probably modelled Glagolitic on a cursive form of the Greek alphabet, and based their translations on a Slavic dialect of the Thessalonika area, which formed the basis of the literary standard known as Old Church Slavonic.

Ancient Scripts: Egyptian

page from the Codex Zographensis, an early Glagolitic manuscript in Old Church Slavonic from the late 10th or early 11th cent. it was found ...

The Codex Gigas contains five long texts as well as a complete Bible. The manuscript begins with the Old Testament, and it is followed by two historical works by Flavius Josephus-National Library of Sweden

Genève, Bibliothèque de Genève, Ms. lat. 6, f. 16r – The four Latin Gospels (

Gothic. The Goths wrote their language using their version of the Futhark alphabet, but it was deemed to be a pagan invention. Instead, Bishop Wulfila (or Ulfilas), a Greek missionary responsible for the conversion of the Goths to Christianity, took the Greek alphabet, added letters from Latin and Futhark alphabets, and created a new alphabet to write the Gothic language. Genealogy: Proto-Sinaitic > Greek. Location: Europe. Time: 4th to 8th century CE. Direction: Left to Right.