The Gothic alphabet is an alphabet for writing the Gothic language, created in the 4th century by Ulfilas (or Wulfila) for the purpose of translating the Christian Bible. The alphabet is essentially an uncial form of the Greek alphabet, with a few additional letters to account for Gothic phonology: Latin F, two Runic letters to distinguish the /j/ and /w/ glides from vocalic /i/ and /u/, and the ƕair letter to express the Gothic labiovelar.
Earliest known example of Turkic writing found in Kyzyl, early 8th century. The origins of the Turkic scripts are uncertain. The initial guesses were based on visual, external resemblances of the Turkic runiform letters with the Gothic runes or with Greek, Etruscan and Anatolian letters, suggesting an Indo-European Alphabet resembling Semitic Phoenician, Gothic, Phoenician-based Greek, etc. letters. Mainstream opinion derives the Orkhon script from variants of the Aramaic alphabet, in particular via the Pahlavi and Sogdian alphabets. By 9th century, the Orkhon alphabets were replaced by the Uyghur alphabet developed from the cursive version of the Sogdian script.
Little is known about the origins of the Runic alphabet, which is traditionally known as futhark after the first six letters. In Old Norse the word rune means 'letter', 'text' or 'inscription'. The word also means 'mystery' or 'secret' in Old Germanic languages and runes had a important role in ritual and magic.
The RAS'NA(Etruscan) Alphabet The Etruscan language is universally accepted as an isolated case. It cannot be shown conclusively to be related to any other language, living or dead, except for a couple of sparsely attested extinct languages. Here they used ancient Greek an Phoenicians signs to fit their still mysterious language..
Norse Runes: Futhark Runic Alphabet - uthark is the name given to a group of runic alphabets. Norse runes were letters used in ancient Germanic languages before the Roman script was adopted. Futhark was used for a long period of time by various peoples to write various languages. Its earlier version is known as the Elder Futhark. Later variant is known as the Younger Futhark. The word Futhark is formed after the first six runes in the rune sequence. Learn more. #languages
The Greek alphabet, the script of English today, is based on the Kemetic alphabet of Ancient Egypt/Kemet and the Upper Nile Valley of Ancient Africa. Ancient Egyptians called their words MDW NTR, or ‘Metu Neter,” which means divine speech. The Greeks called it, ‘hieroglyphics"- a Greek word. The etymology of hieroglyphics is sacred (hieros) carvings (glyph).
ORIGINS OF THE ALPHABET: Minoan or Cretan picture symbols (Fig. 2–1) were in use as early as 2800 bce. Short pictographic inscriptions written as early as 2000 bce have been found. About 135 pictographs survive; they include figures, arms, other parts of the body, animals, plants, and some geometric symbols. By 1700 bce these pictographs seem to have yielded to linear script writing, a possible precursor to the Greek alphabet.