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The Gothic alphabet is an alphabet for writing the Gothic language, created in the 4th century by Ulfilas (or Wulfila) for the purpose of translating the Christian Bible. The alphabet is essentially an uncial form of the Greek alphabet, with a few additional letters to account for Gothic phonology: Latin F, two Runic letters to distinguish the /j/ and /w/ glides from vocalic /i/ and /u/, and the ƕair letter to express the Gothic labiovelar.

Earliest known example of Turkic writing found in Kyzyl, early 8th century. The origins of the Turkic scripts are uncertain. The initial guesses were based on visual, external resemblances of the Turkic runiform letters with the Gothic runes or with Greek, Etruscan and Anatolian letters, suggesting an Indo-European Alphabet resembling Semitic Phoenician, Gothic, Phoenician-based Greek, etc. letters. Mainstream opinion derives the Orkhon script from variants of the Aramaic alphabet, in…

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Little is known about the origins of the Runic alphabet, which is traditionally known as futhark after the first six letters. In Old Norse the word rune means 'letter', 'text' or 'inscription'. The word also means 'mystery' or 'secret' in Old Germanic languages and runes had a important role in ritual and magic.

Each letter of Phoenician gave way to a new form in its daughter scripts. Left to right:Latin, Greek, Phoenician, Hebrew, Arabic

The Greek alphabet is the script that has been used to write the Greek language since the 8th century BC. It was derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet. In its classical and modern form, the alphabet has 24 letters, ordered from alpha to omega. The Greek originally had only a single form of each letter; it developed the distinction between upper case and lower. The letter sigma ⟨Σ⟩ has two different lowercase forms, ⟨σ⟩ and ⟨ς⟩, with ⟨ς⟩ being used in word-final position and ⟨σ⟩…

runic alphabets which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet

The Ogham. ( pronounced OH-am or OH-yam ) , is also know as the Druid's Alphabet. The letters correspond to their 20 sacred trees. The 25-letter alphabet was supposedly inspired by Ogma, god of eloquence. The letters are strung together along a central line, either vertically or horizontally, in which case the letters are rotated.

Earliest known example of Turkic writing found in Mongolia, early 8th century. Origins of the Turkic scripts are uncertain. Based on visual external resemblance of the Turkic runiform letters with the Gothic runes or with Greek, Etruscan and Anatolian letters, suggesting an Indo-European Alphabet resembling Semitic Phoenician, Gothic, Phoenician-based Greek letters. Opinion derives the Orkhon script from variants of the Aramaic alphabet, in particular via Pahlavi and Sogdian alphabets. By…