On July 1, 1896, the five members of the Rufus Buck Gang were executed. In July 1895, the gang embarked on a 13-day crime spree. Found guilty, they were the only men to hang in Fort Smith for rape. This was, quite possibly, the largest mass execution for rape in U.S. history.
The Journal of African American History, formerly The Journal of Negro History, was founded by Dr. Carter G. Woodson on January 1, 1916. Since then, the Journal has evolved into the leading scholarly source on African American life and history. Now, in its 97th volume, The Journal of African American History explores "African Americans and Movements for Reparations: Past, Present, and Future," and the articles and reviews shed new light on past activities and point to new directions.