Greek males adored the booty. They called it callipygian, meaning “with beautiful buttocks.” Being open-minded, they admired derrieres of all sorts and genders. Ever notice how statues of naked goddesses with splendid asses still clutter museums worldwide? Not an accident. In the 3rd century BCE, a sculptor created a goddess looking over her shoulder at her own shapely tush--and people went mad for it.
Statuette of Athena from Epidauros nspired by the figure of Athena on the east pediment of the Parthenon. On an plinth with inscription dedicating the statue to Artemis. From Epidaurus. Pentelic marble, Roman period (mid 3rd c. CE). National Archaeological Museum, Inv. 275. Athens, Greece
This head of Aphrodite belongs to a statue type known to us from a famous copy in the Capitoline Museum in Rome. The elaborate coiffure and the treatment of the flesh areas are reminiscent of sculpture created in the 3rd or 2nd century BC, the likely date of the Greek original on which Roman copies of this type were based. Former Borghese collection Purchased in 1807