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  • Rachel Waffle

    (Photo, Group of young boys working in Central Cotton Mills. (Owned by Avondale Mills.) Not nearly so many youngsters here as there are at the Avondle Mills. Location: Sylacauga, Alabama, Nov. 1910, Lewis Hine, Why would cotton mill workers join a union? Click the photo for a lesson plan on early 20th-c. labor. Not Iowans, but still working class teens and kids.

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John Tidwell, a Cotton Mill Product. Doffer in Avondale Mills. Many of these youngsters smoke. Location: Birmingham, Alabama.

English Bolton boy mill workers

Avondale Mill Boys: November 1910. Birmingham, Ala. Workers in the Avondale Mills in Jefferson County. (The Avondale Mills in St. Clair County burned today in Pell City.) Smallest boy is John Tidwell. Photo by Lewis Wickes Hine. "I have to admit, it gets me every time I see kids in old pics working with no shoes on... I can't imagine having to work in a mill without any protection on my feet."

Children who worked in a Cotton Mill in Pell City, Alabama - 1910 - They were probably robbed of their childhood - look at their faces.

Family Plan: November 1908. Chester, South Carolina. Wylie Mill. Boy with calf is Pamento Benson. Raising it for beef. Has worked in mill 2 years. Mr. Benson said, Just as soon as the boys get old enough to handle a plow, we go straight back to the farm. Factory is no place for boys. Next to Pamento is Ray Benson, helper in the mill. Next Clarence Rost, works in mill. Photo by Lewis Wickes Hine.

Lewis W. Hine (1874-1940) Girl Worker in a Carolina Cotton Mill. Mr. Hines photographs such as this helped bring about the child labor laws.

A young sweeper in Central Mills. Location: Sylacauga, Alabama.

1948 AVONDALE MILLS vintage print advertisement "Chief Red Eagle" ~ Avondale Mills Salute ... the Alabama Power Company and its 4000 employees ... Avondale Mills of Alabama ~

[Typical workers in Barker Cotton Mills where good conditions prevail. See Alabama report.] Location: [Mobile, Alabama]

Child labor... a young mine worker in West Virginia, 1908. By Lewis Wickes Hine.