Karl Marx (1818-1883) Click on this image to find a short stand up act from George Carlin that works well to begin a discussion on Marx's concept of ideology, or as he put it, that "the ideas of the ruling class R in every epoch the ruling ideas." For Marx, these ruling ideas obscure the structural violence & exploitation used to keep oppressed groups in their place. Carlin is expressing this idea when he notes that "it's called the American Dream because you have to be asleep to believe it" Super Marx, Hail Sociology, Marx 1818 1883, Cartoon, Karl Marx, Marx Para, Rules Ideas, Marx Concept
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Marx Was Right: Five Surprising Ways Karl Marx Predicted 2014 - From the iPhone 5S to corporate globalization, modern life is full of evidence of Marx's foresight
Max Weber (1864 – 1920) Weber's contributions to sociology are too many to count, but chief among them is his articulation of the way cultural change produced the conditions necessary for the rise of capitalism. [click on this image to find a short clip on Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism]
George H. Mead (1863-1931) is positioned as 1 of the founders of the SI (Symbolic interactionism) perspective in sociology. Mead described the social self & its development through childhood. According to Mead children are eventually able to take on different roles & make a basic distinction between the self & the other. They must also develop a complex understanding of the multiple roles others play, for they must be able to recognize and anticipate how others will behave in a given situation.