Pasteur & Galt Apothecary Shop - Dr. William Pasteur established his first Williamsburg shop in 1759. He had apprenticed under Dr. George Gilmer, Senior, of the town, then studied in London for about a year at St. Thomas's Hospital. Dr. John Minson Galt had attended the College of William & Mary before serving an apprenticeship in medicine. The apprenticeship was followed by a year at St. Thomas hospital in London. He returned to Williamsburg & opened his apothecary in 1768.
A one-story frame dwelling standing on the south side of Francis Street, the Bracken Tenement is typical of the residences erected by prosperous merchants, craftsmen, & public officials in Williamsburg at the end of the colonial period. Little is known about the history of the house. The destruction of Williamsburg municipal records & James City Co. court records during the Civil War has made it difficult to establish the original owner or the date of its construction.
When Governor Francis Nicholson drew the plan of Williamsburg in 1699, he arranged its streets & spaces with attention to the relationships of purpose & power in the colony's new capital. Thus the city's main north-south axis commands twice the breadth of its central east-west thoroughfare & rolls imperiously 900 feet to the gates of the Governor's Palace. Palace green was intended to focus the eye as well as the mind on the source of executive authority in Virginia
Clay for brick was plentiful in Virginia and it is used in the construction of many historic houses here. Carter's Grove is a 400-acre estate on the James River built in 1750 in the American Georgian style, adapted for hot, humid summers.
Colonial Williamsburg is known for its cool green spaces, tidy flower gardens, fenced pastures, trimmed boxwoods, and big shade trees. It was not always so, as a 1777 account of the view from the cupola of the College of William and Mary indicates that both the York River and the James River were visible from that vantage point, because the view was unobstructed by trees.
The Lightfoot family owned this property, the Lightfoot Tenement, during much of the 18th century. The Reverend Bracken bought the Lightfoot Tenement. In the 18th century the term "tenement" meant a simply rented house.