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“Mona Lisa of Galilee”, from the 3rd century city of Sepphoris, in what was then Roman Palestine. She is part of a large mosaic - whose main subject is Dionysus - which decorates the triclinium floor in a grand villa. Roman mosaic artists were certainly masters of the craft. The color and detail is incredible.

From the 3rd century BC, a specific genre known as Triumphal Paintings appeared, as indicated by Pliny (XXXV, 22). These were paintings which showed triumphal entries after military victories, represented episodes from the war, and conquered regions and cities. Summary maps were drawn to highlight key points of the campaign. These paintings have disappeared;likely influenced the composition of the historical reliefs carved on military sarcophagi, the Arch of Titus, and Trajan's Column.

Detail of a stucco decoration with a winged Victory from a house in the Farnesina in Rome, which date from the late first century BC.

Detail of bronze statue of Hercules Gilded bronze. 2nd century B.C. Roman, based on Greek models from the 4th century B.C. Height: 2.41 m (7 ft. 10 3/4 in.). Found in the Forum Boarium, Rome, 15th century. Palazzo dei Conservatori, Capitoline Museums, Rome, Italy.

A mosaic preserved in Zippori (Sephoris) National Park in Israel, site of excellent Roman ruins and mosaics.

Detail of Roman Mosaic pavement depicting the struggle between Dionysus and the Indians from the Villa Ruffinella in Tusculum 4th century CE by mharrsch, via Flickr

Lamb of God mosaic from the vault of the presbytery of the Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna, building began in 527 AD. Photo Nick Thompson