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Delicata (Hybrid Rugosa) 1898. The rich pink, clove-scented blooms of Delicata appear early in spring & continue til fall. Plants are compact, hardy, & disease resistant. Like many rugosas, Delicata produces large colorful hips which can be used for tea or jelly. Photo by GL Carpenter, via Flickr.

Paul's Early Blush (Hybrid Perpetual) 1893. This rare light pink rose was discovered as a sport of the Hybrid Perpetual Heinrich Schultheis (1882). Repeat blooms are double with a strong cinnamon fragrance. Winter hardy plant grows 3 to 4 feet high. Gorgeous photo by nomad123, via Flickr.

Reine des Violettes (Hybrid Perpetual) 1860. The blooms of this regal old favorite can range from tones of pink and lilac to magenta and this mixture produces a lovely smoky effect. A treasure to have in the garden. Repeat bloomer. Photo by 悠遊山城.樹玫瑰.庭園美食., via Flickr.

William Lobb (Moss) 1855. Also known as Old Velvet Moss, the rich mauve blooms of this plant have a classic old rose scent. It is somewhat wiry in growth, in some cases reaching up to 10 or 12 feet in height. Ideal for training on a pillar, but be advised it's quite prickly! This fantastic photo is by Susan Rushton, via Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/87214676@N05/12242049263/in/photostream/

Ulrich Brunner Fils (Hybrid Perpetual) 1882. A rich pink color and very fragrant, this classic rose was quite popular at the turn of the century. Lovely glossy green foliage with few thorns. Grows 6 to 7 ft tall. Disease resistant. Photo taken at Hatanpään Arboretum, Tampere, Finland by Sirpale79.

Reine Victoria (Bourbon) 1872. The wonderfully fragrant cupped pink blooms of this regal beauty will brighten your garden from early spring through fall. They also make excellent cut flowers. The plant is quite hardy, growing 6 to 7 feet tall. An old fashioned classic. Photo by Osakana Feelingood, via Flickr.

'Scabrosa' (Rugosa Hybrid) Harkness, UK, 1950; the best of the rugosas. Huge single flowers (4 inches) of velvet crimson shading to violet mauve, with creamy stamens on a vigorous, spreading plant with eye-catching, luxuriant, bright green, rugosa foliage. The blooms are followed in the fall by a display of huge, red hips that will attract birds through the winter. Very Disease Resistant, Continual Bloom, 6'x 4'; Zone 2, very hardy; fff

'Fimbriata' aka Phoebe's Frilled Pink (Rugosa Hybrid) - Morlet, France, 1891; pale pink blooms and large rugosa leaves; small flowers with serrated petals; very fragrant and the bloom is continuous; disease-resistant; bright green foliage that turns bright orange in fall; very few hips; disease-resistant; hardy;3-4'; Z3

'Robusta' (Rugosa Hybrid) Kordes, Germany, 1974 - 6', very robust upright plant with dark shiny foliage and large , bright scarlet red single blossoms; recurrent; rich red very thorny cane; dieback possible but generally regarded as quite hardy; f

'Wasagaming' (Rugosa Hybrid) Skinner, Canada, 1939; 6'x6', Z3; fragrant double unique-colored lavender-rose flowers on a vigorous rounded shrub; repeats; plant suckers freely; slightly susceptible to blackspot; 6', Z3, very hardy; fff

'George Will' (Hybrid Rugosa) Skinner, Canada, 1939 - clusters of large, barely double deep pink to light red blooms; very fragrant with a clove-like scent; small leaves; lovely red hips; slightly susceptible to blackspot; 5', very hardy

'Carmenetta' (R. rugosa x R. glauca hybrid) Preston, Canada, 1923 - bright flamingo pink single starlike flowers tinged green and slightly fragrant; elongated maroon hips; arching form; grey green foliage with best color in partial shade; grows up to 6' tall and 6'wide, a giant among hardy roses; very hardy, Z2

'Wildberry Breeze' (Hybrid Rugosa) Zary, USA, 1999 - vibrant lavender pink, clove-scented flowers with yellow centers; semi-glossy foliage is exceptionally disease resistant; pumpkin-colored plump rose hips; thorny; moderate to fast growth to 3.5'x3', Z6

What is a Moss Rose? Named for the distinctive prickly growth on the buds and canes, this rose variety most likely originated as a mutation or "sport" of a centifolia rose in the early 18th century. This is a great "scratch & sniff" plant: if you rub the moss between your fingers, volatile oils are released, producing a pleasant balsamic fragrance. Moss roses grow 3 to 6 feet tall and are usually quite winter hardy. (Picture is from Redoute's Roses.)