In March 1837, in the old Wheeler Academy at 4th and Market Sts., the Allen Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church was organized. In 1846, the church bought land, and a small frame building was erected on the lot on 5th Street between Market and Court. In 1868, the church moved to 7th Street just East of Chillicothe Street. This structure was purchased from Bigelow M.E. Church.The building on 12th and Waller was first occupied on Sunday, Feb. 20, 1921.