The oiran (attended by two maids) arose in the Edo period (1600–1868). Oiran rank was established after the tayū (highest level) and koshi (second level) ranks' glory dwindled. They were categorized based on their beauty, character, education, and artistic ability.
1890's. Woman Delivering Charcoal. A very cheerful woman, with one of her breasts exposed, is carrying three huge packs of charcoal on what appears to be a country road. During the summer, women in the countryside often had much of their body exposed when they worked. Many men wore only a loincloth. Even in the city. This was especially the case for laborers and poor farmers.