Essential Tremor: a neurological disorder thought to originate from the thalamus (brain area that coordinates muscle activity) that is characteristics of uncontrollable shaking. Common areas include hands, arms, voice, tongue, and head. Gen50etics plays a role in essential tremor (ET) with up to 50% chance of inheriting of disease from parents. It is usually expressed in the elderly, though usually first seen around middle age. It cannot be cured but medications can help symptoms.
Spina Bifida: a birth defect where the bones of the spine do not form correctly over part of the spinal cord, which can affect how the skin on the back looks. In the mild form their may not be any visible lump, whereas the more severe forms: Meningocele - fluid leaks out of the spine and pushes against the skin forming a bulge; Myelomeningocele - nerves damaged from bulge. One causes may be a folate vitamin deficiency. Treatment is not always necessary but surgery is used in severe cases.
Anemia: condition where your blood lacks healthy red blood cells or your blood cells are deficient in hemoglobin - this results in your body not getting enough oxygen. The mains symptom is fatigue because your organs aren't getting enough oxygen to function properly. Anemia is the most common blood condition: women in childbearing years are susceptible due to blood loss and increased blood demands during pregnancy. Seniors are also prone due to a poor diet.
Edema: swelling of a part of the body in response to an injury or inflammation; occurs when small blood vessels become "leaky" and release fluid into nearby tissues. Edema is a normal response of the body due to allergies, low albumin, and different diseases. It can be treated by treating the underlying cause of edema.
Diphtheria: rare to the US due to DPT immunizations, diphtheria is an acute infectious disease caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It spreads through respiratory droplets and by contaminated objects/foods and most commonly infects the nose and throat. Symptoms include a black, tough covering which can block the airways, bluish skin coloration, fever, drooling, skin lesions, etc. Treatment includes a diphtheria antitoxin given as a shot.
Sepsis: a severe illness, caused by a bacterial infection, that causes the bloodstream to be overwhelmed by bacteria. The infection can begin anywhere though in infants it is common in the bone and in hospitalized patients it is common in surgical wounds. Symptoms include dropped blood pressure leading to shock, malfunctioning of major organs, fever, rapid heart beat, etc. It is usually diagnosed with a blood test. Sepsis can be treated through antibiotics.
Multiple sclerosis: autoimmune disease where inflammation (caused when body's immune cells attack itself) causes nerve damage. Genetics and viruses may play a factor, as well as environmental effects. Symptoms vary but include bowel issues, muscle spasms, difficultly controlling movement and speech, slowed brain activity, etc. There is no cure but the symptoms can be controlled through medication and physical therapy.
Varicose Veins: abnormal collection of blood in veins that cause swollen, twisted, sometimes painful veins. The valves that keep blood moving toward the heart in veins do not function properly so blood pools in the vein, causing enlargement. They are caused by defective valves, pregnancy, and standing for long periods of time. Varicose veins can be treated with vein stripping - a surgery which removes the vein. Other noninvasive treatments include laser ablation and sclerotherapy.
Multiple Sclerosis: an autoimmune disease where the myelin sheath (protective covering that surrounds nerve cells) is damaged due to inflammation. This causes nerve signals to slow down or stop. Causes are unknown though a virus or gene defect are commonly thought to be the causes. Symptoms include loss of balance, muscle spasms, numbness, problems with movement and coordination. There is no cure though therapies may slow the disease by controlling symptoms.
Dermatitis: inflammation of the skin that involves swollen, reddened and itchy skin. Types of dermatitis: contact dermatitis - repeated contact with irritants/allergies; neurodermatitis: localized chronic itchy skin; seborrheic dermatitis - common scalp/facial condition causing dandruff; statis dermatitis: buildup of fluid under the skin of the legs; atopic dermatitis: chronic itchy rash that comes and goes; perioral dermatitis: bumpy rash across the mouth