During 1940's Battle of Britain, Luftwaffe bombers tried to destroy British air power ahead of a planned invasion of the UK. When that failed, Hitler resorted to terror attacks on civilians, including the full-scale bombing of London (pictured) and other English towns. The attacks killed tens of thousands of Britons, but "The Blitz" fizzled: the invasion never materialized.
1940, Three nurses carry babies cocooned in baby gas respirators down the corridor of a London hospital during a gas drill. Note the carrying handle on the respirator used to carry the baby by the nurse in the foreground.
12 January 1941: Soldiers help to clear the debris of Bank Underground Station, the morning after it received a direct hit during the Blitz. Some 111 people were killed in the bombing raid by German aircraft.
Westminster Abbey High Altar: debris from collapsed Lantern Roof, 11 May 1941. On the outbreak of World War II, many of Westminster Abbey’s treasures were evacuated for safety to country houses. About 60,000 sandbags were used to protect immoveable royal and medieval tombs. The Coronation Chair was sent for safety to Gloucester Cathedral and the Coronation Stone was buried secretly within the Abbey. The collection of wax funeral effigies was stored in Piccadilly tube station.