Birds of India

The Indian subcontinent, is very rich in biodiversity. Out of the more than 9,000 birds of the world, the Indian subcontinent contains about 1,300 species, or over 13% of the world’s birds. One of the main reasons for high avian diversity in India is the presence of diverse habitats, from the arid cold desert of Ladakh and Sikkim to the steamy, tangled jungles of the Sunderbans to the wet, moist forests of the Western Ghats and Arunachal Pradesh.
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White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) was present in large numbers until the 1990s and declined rapidly in numbers since; up to 99.9% between 1992 and 2007. In 1985 the species was described as "possibly the most abundant large bird of prey in the world". This vulture builds its nest on tall trees often near human habitations in northern and central India. It feeds mostly on carcasses of dead animals which it finds by soaring high in thermals. It often moves in flocks.

White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) was present in large numbers until the 1990s and declined rapidly in numbers since; up to 99.9% between 1992 and 2007. In 1985 the species was described as "possibly the most abundant large bird of prey in the world". This vulture builds its nest on tall trees often near human habitations in northern and central India. It feeds mostly on carcasses of dead animals which it finds by soaring high in thermals. It often moves in flocks.

The Indian Vulture (Gyps indicus) has a bald head, very broad wings and short tail feathers. The species breeds mainly on cliffs, but is known to use trees to nest in Rajasthan. Like other vultures it is a scavenger, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals which it finds by soaring over savannah and around human habitation. They often move in flocks. The specie has suffered a 99%–97% population decrease between 2000-2007 due to poisoning caused by the veterinary drug diclofenac.

The Indian Vulture (Gyps indicus) has a bald head, very broad wings and short tail feathers. The species breeds mainly on cliffs, but is known to use trees to nest in Rajasthan. Like other vultures it is a scavenger, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals which it finds by soaring over savannah and around human habitation. They often move in flocks. The specie has suffered a 99%–97% population decrease between 2000-2007 due to poisoning caused by the veterinary drug diclofenac.

The Slender-billed Vulture (Gyps tenuirostris) is found from the Gangetic plain north, west to HP, south potentially as far as northern Odisha, and east through Assam. This species has suffered a marked decline in its numbers in recent years. Captive-breeding programs in India are aiming to conserve the species, and it is hoped that vultures can be released back in the wild

The Slender-billed Vulture (Gyps tenuirostris) is found from the Gangetic plain north, west to HP, south potentially as far as northern Odisha, and east through Assam. This species has suffered a marked decline in its numbers in recent years. Captive-breeding programs in India are aiming to conserve the species, and it is hoped that vultures can be released back in the wild

Red-headed Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus), also known as the Asian King Vulture, Indian Black Vulture or Pondicherry Vulture was abundant, across the country. Today the range of the Red-headed Vulture is localized primarily to northern India. It is usually in open country and in cultivated and semi-desert areas. It is also found in deciduous forests and foothills and river valleys. It is usually found up to an altitude of 3000m from sea level.

Red-headed Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus), also known as the Asian King Vulture, Indian Black Vulture or Pondicherry Vulture was abundant, across the country. Today the range of the Red-headed Vulture is localized primarily to northern India. It is usually in open country and in cultivated and semi-desert areas. It is also found in deciduous forests and foothills and river valleys. It is usually found up to an altitude of 3000m from sea level.

Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus), also called the White Scavenger Vulture or Pharaoh's Chicken. feed mainly on carrion but are opportunistic and will prey on small mammals, birds, and reptiles. Egyptian Vultures also use twigs to roll up wool for use in their nest.Populations of this species have declined in the 20th century and some island populations are endangered by hunting, accidental poisoning, and collision with power lines.

Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus), also called the White Scavenger Vulture or Pharaoh's Chicken. feed mainly on carrion but are opportunistic and will prey on small mammals, birds, and reptiles. Egyptian Vultures also use twigs to roll up wool for use in their nest.Populations of this species have declined in the 20th century and some island populations are endangered by hunting, accidental poisoning, and collision with power lines.

Egyptian Vulture (neophron percnopterus ginginianus) feeds on large carcasses with other vulture species and scavenges for trash around human settlements. It attends kills, but is not able to feed until the larger, more dominant vulture species have finished. It hunts for food while soaring at a high altitude or perching on rocks. Larger eggs are broken with the use of stones, or they are picked up and thrown on the ground.

Egyptian Vulture (neophron percnopterus ginginianus) feeds on large carcasses with other vulture species and scavenges for trash around human settlements. It attends kills, but is not able to feed until the larger, more dominant vulture species have finished. It hunts for food while soaring at a high altitude or perching on rocks. Larger eggs are broken with the use of stones, or they are picked up and thrown on the ground.

The Purple Cochoa (Cochoa purpurea) is a brightly coloured bird  found in dark forested areas and is found in the canopy, where it often sits motionless. This bird appears dark in the shade of the forest and the colors become clear only when it is lit by the sun. The crown is silvery blue and a black mask runs over the eye. A grey carpal patch is present at the base of the black wing feathers and a wing patch is prominent. The tail is silvery blue with a black terminal band.

The Purple Cochoa (Cochoa purpurea) is a brightly coloured bird found in dark forested areas and is found in the canopy, where it often sits motionless. This bird appears dark in the shade of the forest and the colors become clear only when it is lit by the sun. The crown is silvery blue and a black mask runs over the eye. A grey carpal patch is present at the base of the black wing feathers and a wing patch is prominent. The tail is silvery blue with a black terminal band.

The Rufous-necked Hornbill (Aceros nipalensis) is a species of hornbill. Numbers have declined significantly due to habitat loss and hunting. It is estimated that there are now less than 10,000 adults remaining. With a length of about 117 centimeters (46 in), it is among the largest Bucerotine hornbills.

The Rufous-necked Hornbill (Aceros nipalensis) is a species of hornbill. Numbers have declined significantly due to habitat loss and hunting. It is estimated that there are now less than 10,000 adults remaining. With a length of about 117 centimeters (46 in), it is among the largest Bucerotine hornbills.

Green Cochoa (Cochoa viridis): This Himalayan thrush is moss green, the male has a blue crown, blue wings and tail with a broad black band on the tail. The female has a more greenish body with some rusty spots on the wing coverts. Usually seen in pairs or small groups sitting in tall trees, they usually feed close to the ground, on molluscs, insects and berries. They sometimes launch aerial sallies to capture insects. The song is a thin and clear feeeee that dies away.

Green Cochoa (Cochoa viridis): This Himalayan thrush is moss green, the male has a blue crown, blue wings and tail with a broad black band on the tail. The female has a more greenish body with some rusty spots on the wing coverts. Usually seen in pairs or small groups sitting in tall trees, they usually feed close to the ground, on molluscs, insects and berries. They sometimes launch aerial sallies to capture insects. The song is a thin and clear feeeee that dies away.

The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) is a common and widespread bird species. It feeds on the sea, in estuaries and on freshwater lakes and rivers.The Great Cormorant can dive to considerable depths, but often feeds in shallow water. It frequently brings prey to the surface. It breeds mainly on coasts, nesting on cliffs or in trees (which are eventually killed by the droppings), but also increasingly inland.

The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) is a common and widespread bird species. It feeds on the sea, in estuaries and on freshwater lakes and rivers.The Great Cormorant can dive to considerable depths, but often feeds in shallow water. It frequently brings prey to the surface. It breeds mainly on coasts, nesting on cliffs or in trees (which are eventually killed by the droppings), but also increasingly inland.

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