UK/FRANCE: Violette Szabo (1921-1945) ; Code named "Louise", Szabo was a secret agent in the Second World War, leading a French resistance network to sabotage bridges and communication lines ahead of the D-Day landings. She was caught, sent to Ravensbruck concentration camp, and executed. Posthumously awarded the George Cross. Women we admire; influential women in history.
Violette Reine Elizabeth Szabo, World War II heroine, was born on June 26, 1921. She helped organize a resistance effort to disrupt Nazi operations in France.
Female soldier of the Polish resistance "Home Army" (Armia Krajowa) 2WW The Armia Krajowa, or Home Army, was the dominant Polish resistance movement in World War II German-occupied Poland. The AK's primary resistance operations were the sabotage of German activities, includingFemal transports headed for the Eastern Front in the Soviet Union. The AK also fought several full-scale battles against the Germans, particularly in 1943 and 1944.
Ilse Hirsch was a Nazi resistance fighter who played a key role in the assassination of Franz Oppenhoff in the later days of World War Two. Born in 1922, Hirsch joined the League of German Girls, part of the Hitler Youth movement, when she was 16 years old and became one of the organisation’s leaders. In 1945 she became involved with the Nazi resistance force, dubbed ‘The Werewolves’, whose mission was to work behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced into Germany. Hirsch ...
Antonin Kalina - The Polish man who saved 900 Jewish boys INSIDE a death camp. Take time to read his story.
Guillotine from the town of Katowice. It was used to execute over 550 people accused of resistance against the Nazi occupation between 1941 and 1945. The machine is currently stored at the Auschwitz-Birkenau Holocaust Museum.
Iconic image of Greek partisans who fought German invaders during the battle of Crete (May 1941).
Helene Gotthold, a German Jehovah's Witness who was arrested many times for her anti-Nazi views. On 8 December 1944, she was convicted, condemned to death, and beheaded at Ploetzensee prison in Berlin.
Portrait of Croatian rescuer Ivan Vranetic, who has been recognized by Yad Vashem as one of the Righteous Among the Nations.
When her Jewish students first showed up with yellow stars sewn onto their clothes, Andrée Geulen instructed all of her students to wear aprons to hide them. This convinced Geulen to act, becoming a central activist in the Jewish Defense Committee where she assisted in hiding Jewish children. She convinced parents to part with their children and then took the children to the families who would hide them. Due to her coded records, she enabled the return of hundreds of children to their famili...
Germans execute Brit. nurse Edith Cavel for helping allied soldiers escape to Netherlands. http://goo.gl/yd4Mnc
Hannah Senesh was one of 37 Jews from Palestine who parachuted into Yugoslavia to save the Hungarian Jews who were about to be deported to Auschwitz. She was arrested at the Hungarian border, imprisoned, tortured, and eventually executed by a firing quad. Hannah never revealed the details of her mission. Her poem "Eli, Eli" is a very famous Hebrew song.
Werner Karl von Haeften (9 October 1908 – 21 July 1944) was an Oberleutnant in the Wehrmacht, who took part in the military-based conspiracy against Adolf Hitler known as the 20 July plot. He is considered a hero of the German resistance to the tyranny of the German Third Reich.
Kim Malthe-Bruun, resistance leader in Denmark during WWII, was executed by the Nazis at only twenty-one years old. He said in a letter to his mother the night before his death: "...the dream for you all, young and old, must be to create an ideal of human decency, and not a narrow-minded and prejudiced one."
Edelweiss Pirates - During the war, many Edelweißpiraten supported the Allies and assisted deserters from the German army. Some groups also collected propaganda leaflets dropped by Allied aircraft and pushed them through letterboxes.
On February 28, 1944, the Ten Boom family, which had been actively involved in hiding and finding safe shelter for Jews in Holland, was betrayed and their home was raided. The people in hiding managed to escape in time. However, all the members of the Ten Boom family and thirty other co-workers were apprehended and taken to prison for interrogation. Casper, Cornelia and Elisabeth Ten Boom were recognized as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem. Read their full story and view more photos
Mirjam Waterman Pinkhof (1916-1999). Jewish Dutch Resistance worker whose resistance group saved roughly 300 Jewish youths during WWII. Her assignment was to gather infants whose parents were marked for deportation or had already been deported, and to deliver them to the train station in Amsterdam. She would arrive with a baby carriage and wait for the liaison who in turn delivered the children into hiding with families and in institutions.
Marie-Claude Vaillant-Couturier (1912-1996) was a member of the resistance until 1942 when she was arrested, and sent first to Birkenau on 24 Jan 1943, then Ravensbruck. Marie-Claude remained at Ravensbruck even after the war, caring for the sick until the last POW left. Her powerful testimony at Nuremberg was devastating to the defence. Afterward, she slowly walked past the Nazis, looked each one in the eye, effectively unnerving them. Most bowed their heads; others, unrepentant, did not.
FILE PHOTO shows Helena Kapustova and saved Jewish girl Elizabeth Singer in 1945. 88-year old Slovak citizen Helena Kapustova, who saved Jewish girl Elizabeth Singer during the WW II, received Israeli order Yad Vashem or Righteous Among The Nations on February 2, 2011 in Bratislava, Slovakia. (Photo by Kapustova Family Files/SME/isifa/Getty Images)
Madeleine Dreyfus (1909–1987) worked to smuggle Jewish children to safety within German-occupied France from 1941 until she was arrested by the Gestapo in November, 1943. She was deported to Bergen-Belsen, where she was liberated in May 1945. In 1947 she was awarded the Médaille de la Resistance.
Miep Gies, one of the Dutch citizens who hid Anne Frank, her family and several family friends in an attic annex above Anne's father's place of business from the Nazis during World War II. "I am not a hero. I just did what any decent person would have done."
Rudolf "Rudi" Vrba (b. Walter Rosenburg, 11 September 1924 – 27 March 2006) was a professor of pharmacology at the University of British Columbia. Originally from Topoľčany, Slovakia, he is known for his escape, aged 19, from Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland during World War 2, and for providing some of the earliest, and most detailed, information about the mass murder that was taking place there.
A little-known English nun who helped to hide Italian Jews from the Nazis in wartime Rome is being considered as a possible saint. Mother Ricarda Beauchamp Hambrough is credited with playing a vital role in saving the lives of more than 60 Jews by smuggling them into her convent.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945) was a German Lutheran pastor, noted theologian, dissident anti-Nazi, and founding member of the Confessing Church. He strongly opposed Hitler's euthanasia program and the genocidal persecution of the Jews. He was arrested in April 1943 by the Gestapo and executed by hanging in April 1945 while imprisoned at the Flossenburg concentration camp, just 23 days before the German surrender.
The Bielski brothers,True Heroes! three Jewish brothers who saved 1200 Jews, by hiding in the forest for 2 years. Made into a film called ''Defiance'' starring Daniel Craig in 2010 #History #WWII