Learn to read knitting: A loop pulled through a loop pulled through a loop. The loop shown is a knit stitch BECAUSE it was pulled from the back through to the front - see how it pokes forward/up.
Here are some fun stocking stuffers for Christmas: Ravelry: norskiknits' Mushrooms
Love this knitters sheep charts.
Ravelry: Lizzy Dress pattern by Taiga Hilliard Designs
Ravelry: (Petit) Artichaut pattern by Solenn Couix-Loarer