This picture was taken on August 29, 1945, the day of liberation at Dachau Concentration Camp. The man on the ground is an SS guard moments away from being executed by the inmates standing near him. During his time as a guard, he brutalized and murdered untold numbers of innocent men, women and children. Only at the point of death does he show remorse. He was executed with the shovel in the hand of the inmate on the left. An Allied soldier turns his back, refusing to intervene.
Clandestine photograph of prisoners marching to Dachau. Maria Seidenberger took the photo from the second story window of her family's home while her mother stood outside and gave potatoes to the prisoners. Both actions were done at extreme risk. Maria's photos documented the death march and atrocities committed by the Nazis. In addition, she hid photos and correspondence made by inmates at Dachau, all at great peril to her life. She and her mother both survived the war.
View of a tree in the Dachau concentration camp, located near the crematorium, where prisoners were hanged. A sign in four languages identifying how it was used is posted on the tree, July 1, 1945. Prisoners could be sentenced to execution for reasons including planning an escape, passing intelligence outside the camp or gathering weapons. The killings were often carried out in front of assembled prisoners.
Mealtime at Dachau. This picture is probably not a candid shot. On the rare occasions outsiders were allowed into the camps to take photos for propaganda purposes, prisoners and guards were on their best behavior. Occasionally, the Nazis published pictures of life in the camps to show how happy the prisoners were and how well they were treated.
An overview of Dachau. Dachau was one of the first true concentration camps in Germany proper, opening in 1933. Initially, it was a sort of "scare therapy" center for political prisoners, homosexuals, and impenitent or chronic criminals. At first, many, if not most, prisoners were held for an indeterminate time, then released. Eventually, as the Nazis gathered political control into their hands, Dachau and other camps became synonymous with brutality and death.
Claus Karl Schilling (5 July 1871 - 28 May 1946), was a German tropical medicine specialist, particularly remembered for his infamous participation in the Nazi human experiments at the Dachau concentration camp. Schilling became notorious as a consequence of his enthusiastic participation in human research under both Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Sentenced to death by hanging after the fall of Hitler's Germany, he was executed for his crimes against the Dachau prisoners in 1946.