Tattoos are created by injecting ink through into the skin. Tattoo artists accomplish this by using an electric powered tattoo gun that almost sounds like the drill a dentist uses. The tattoo gun has a needle that moves up and down,
Theese are NOT viking runes. They are an older Rune alphabet, from around year 500 and earlier. They are called the elder futhark. The viking Rune alphabets have usually only 16 runes and there are several different alphabets from that time.