George Washington Carver by Betsy Graves Reyneau 1942

George Washington Carver by Betsy Graves Reyneau, Oil on canvas, 1942 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the George Washington Carver Memorial Committee to the Smithsonian Institution

Harriet Tubman, photograph, 1885

Harriet Tubman, photograph, 1885 She was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War.

Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Father Theodore Hesburgh linking arms with Dr. at a June civil rights rally at Soldier Field in Chicago.

In 1941 the first group of black cadets to earn their wings at Tuskegee Army Air Field gather alongside a Vultee BT-13 trainer. Benjamin O. Davis Jr. (middle) became the first black general in the U.S. Air Force in 1954.

In 1941 the first group of black cadets to earn their wings at Tuskegee Army Air Field gather alongside a Vultee trainer. (middle) became the first black general in the U. Air Force in

Eugene Bullard was the first African American military pilot to fly in combat and the only African American pilot to fly during WWI. Ironically he never flew for the United States, but rather for the Aéronautique Militaire in France.

Eugene Jacques Bullard October 1894 – 12 October was the first African-American military pilot, and one of the only two Black military pilots in World War I. He was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honor.

Bessie Coleman was awarded her pilot’s license in 1921 by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. She trained in France because no American flight school would accept her as a student.

Bessie Coleman recived her pilot's license from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale on 15 June becoming the first female pilot of African American descent (Smithsonian Air & Space Museum)


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