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Hispanic Heritage Month

Collection by Smithsonian

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Founded San Antonio, Texas in the by Raoul A. Cortez, KCOR was one the nation's first full-time Spanish-language radio stations. Hispanic Heritage Month, Spanish Language, Radio Stations, San Antonio, Washington Dc, 1940s, Texas, English, War

Earning a place on the dial: Raoul Cortez, KCOR, and Spanish-language radio

Founded San Antonio, Texas in the 1940s by Raoul A. Cortez, KCOR was one the nation's first full-time Spanish-language radio stations.

The Bracero History Archive collects and makes available the oral histories and artifacts pertaining to the Bracero program, a guest worker initiative that spanned the years 1942-1964. Millions of Mexican agricultural workers crossed the border under the program to work in more than half of the states in America. World History Classroom, Ap World History, History Images, American History, Nasa History, Mexican American, Ancient History, History Books For Kids, Black History Month Activities

The Bracero History Archive collects and makes available the oral histories and artifacts pertaining to the Bracero program, a guest worker initiative that spanned the years 1942-1964. Millions of Mexican agricultural workers crossed the border under the program to work in more than half of the states in America.

Founded in 1976 by Tere A. Zubizarreta, Zubi Advertising is family-run ad agency that works with national clients to get their message across to Hispanics in the United States. Hispanic Heritage Month, National Museum, Advertising, United States, American, Painting, Art, Art Background, Painting Art

Zubizarreta Family

This video is featured in the "Families in Business" section of the American Enterprise exhibition at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American…

Raoul A. Cortez thought media should serve the community and promote… Hispanic Heritage Month, History Images, All Smiles, How To Speak Spanish, Spanish Language, New Perspective, Board Ideas, Bulletin Board, San Antonio

Spanish Television

Raoul A. Cortez (1905–1971) thought media should serve the community and promote the common good. After working in a Spanish-language newspaper, he founded a radio station, which became the voice of the Spanish-speaking community in San Antonio. In 1955, he opened KCOR-TV, expanding his broadcasting business and community-centered media vision to television.

Maria Durazo (1953-) learned the hardships of labor in the fields with her Mexican immigrant parents. She became a dynamic union organizer, served as leader of the Hotel and Restaurant Workers Union, and joined the Executive Council of AFL-CIO. Standing with her community, she protested low wages, dangerous working conditions, and deaths of immigrant workers. (Photograph by Peter Holderness) Hispanic American, American Women, History Images, Women In History, Workers Union, Hispanic Heritage Month, History Museum, Social Issues, Powerful Women

Biographies, 1980s–2010s

Maria Durazo (1953-) learned the hardships of labor in the fields with her Mexican immigrant parents. She became a dynamic union organizer, served as leader of the Hotel and Restaurant Workers Union, and joined the Executive Council of AFL-CIO. Standing with her community, she protested low wages, dangerous working conditions, and deaths of immigrant workers. (Photograph by Peter Holderness)

Dora Hilda Escobar (1969–) arrived from El Salvador in the 1980s, seeking opportunity but finding exploitation. Entrepreneurial and hardworking, she labored in the gray economy selling clothes and making pupusas in her home. Eventually, she built a business selling to the émigré community, which expanded to multiple restaurants and check-cashing facilities. Check Cashing, Hispanic Heritage Month, Display Case, Biography, 1980s, Opportunity, Restaurants, Public, Inspire

Biographies, 1980s–2010s

Dora Hilda Escobar (1969–) arrived from El Salvador in the 1980s, seeking opportunity but finding exploitation. Entrepreneurial and hardworking, she labored in the gray economy selling clothes and making pupusas in her home. Eventually, she built a business selling to the émigré community, which expanded to multiple restaurants and check-cashing facilities.

KWEX Camera and Remote Box, 1970s: Cameraman and reporter Andreas Morin used this portable camera and remote box to record stories on location in and around San Antonio, Texas. KCOR-TV became KWEX with the sale of the station to Emilio Nicolas Sr., Raoul Cortez’s son-in-law, and a group of investors in 1961. Hispanic Heritage Month, New Perspective, Investors, San Antonio, 1970s, Remote, Law, Spanish, Texas

Spanish Television

KWEX Camera and Remote Box, 1970s: Cameraman and reporter Andreas Morin used this portable camera and remote box to record stories on location in and around San Antonio, Texas. KCOR-TV became KWEX with the sale of the station to Emilio Nicolas Sr., Raoul Cortez’s son-in-law, and a group of investors in 1961.

Spanish dollars were the monies of choice when coins were available in Colonial America, and Americans liked them so much that they eventually based their own U.S. dollar on the Spanish real. The uniform quality of the Spanish real made it a popular currency for international trade. Hispanic Heritage Month, Colonial America, International Trade, Historical Society, Spanish, Coins, Royalty, Articles, Popular

China Trade

Spanish dollars were the monies of choice when coins were available in Colonial America, and Americans liked them so much that they eventually based their own U.S. dollar on the Spanish real. The uniform quality of the Spanish real made it a popular currency for international trade.

The short-handled hoe brings back memories of back-breaking labor for generations of Mexican and Mexican American migrant workers who sustained California's booming agricultural economy. Social Transformation, Mexican American, American History, Hispanic Heritage Month, Migrant Worker, The Unit, Hoe, Roots, Stuff To Buy

Biographies, 1940s–1970s

United Farm Workers co-founder Cesar Chavez never forgot his roots. His father’s short-handled hoe reminded him of migrants’ backbreaking daily struggles. Chavez organized workers thought to be unorganizable. By using hunger strikes and the call of “Sí, se puede,” he galvanized public support for the plight of farm workers.

In Emma Tenayuca helped organize the strike of pecan shellers in San Antonio, Texas. She was 22 years old at the time. Hispanic Heritage Month, Texas History, 22 Years Old, Great Stories, National Museum, Metropolitan Museum, San Antonio, Pecan, Desktop

Emma Tenayuca, 1916-1999

In 1938, Emma Tenayuca helped organize the strike of 12,000 pecan shellers in San Antonio, Texas. She was 22 years old at the time.

Explore hip-hop and rap-related collections from across the Smithsonian. Coming the Smithsonian Anthology of Hip-Hop and Rap will be the first collection to include music from every major l. History Of Hip Hop, Technics Turntables, Caribbean Culture, Hispanic Heritage Month, Friends Instagram, Dj Equipment, Hip Hop Rap, Record Player, Wireless Earbuds

The sazón in hip-hop

A slow disco melody spins on the turntable, interrupted by the metallic sound of symbols. Right after that, the running sounds of bongo beats — that Latin spice, or sazón, if you will — become the undergoing rhythm to the introduction of the Cold Crush Brothers as they take on the Fantastic Five at Harlem World, the music venue that housed the earliest MC battles on the corner

Mariachi Los Amigos was founded in 1979 and has continued to evolve over the years. Los Amigos truly are what their name depicts: a group of friends who shar. Hispanic Heritage Month, Group Of Friends, Dance Videos, National Museum, World Cultures, American Indians, Over The Years, Mexico, Youtube

Mariachi Los Amigos

Mariachi Los Amigos was founded in 1979 and has continued to evolve over the years. Los Amigos truly are what their name depicts: a group of friends who shar...

Various Artists - Songs Of The Spanish Civil War, Vols. Abraham Lincoln, Folk, Photography Movies, Hispanic Heritage Month, Us History, World Music, Civilization, Middle School, Cool Things To Buy

Sneak Preview: Songs of the Spanish Civil War (Vol. 1 & 2)

Stream Sneak Preview: Songs of the Spanish Civil War (Vol. 1 & 2), a playlist by Smithsonian Folkways from desktop or your mobile device