California Missions: A Journey Along the El Camino Real
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An all-new exhibit exploring the 21 religious and military outposts founded by Spanish Catholic missionaries of the Franciscan Order on "The Royal Road."
Secularized by the Mexican government in 1833, the Missions represent a pivotal chapter of California history, covering the period of the state’s transformation from an untamed wilderness to a thriving frontier on the verge of American statehood.
An ongoing exhibit... only at The California Museum
On June the second of California's 21 missions, Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo (Mission Carmel), was founded by Father Junipero Serra. The headquarters for the Fransicans until Mission Carmel was Serra's home from
Mission San Diego de Alcala was established in July 1769 by the Spanish friar Junipero Serra. It is the first of the 21 Franciscan Missions and also known as the Mother of all Missions. Pope Paul VI delegated it as a Minor Basilica in
On August the founder and first president of the California mission system, Father Junìpero Serra, died at the age of Supervising the building of the missions , Serra joined the Portolà expeditions in 1769 and founded 9 of California's missions for Spain.
Water and Power - A man holds onto the base pole of the El Camino Real Mission Bell Marker. Two women near a late model car observe.
Have a 4th grade student working on a mission report? Sign up for our California Missions 4th Grade Project Workshop with Re-Create Eco Art Center at CAMissions.Eventbrite.com! Sessions include guided tour of missions exhibit, help researching written reports and materials to build a mission.
On August 9, 1834, Gov. Jose Figueroa ordered the secularization of Alta California's missions, including the plan to be return half of the land to the Indians. Many of the natives, however, were cheated out of ownership, resulting in the dividing up of the mission lands into rancheros that created a landowning class and a prosperous cattle industry. (Image: An original page written in English from the 1835 book detailing Figueroa's secularization, "The Manifesto," published in Monterey.)
On June Mission San Luis Rey de Francia was founded. Located near present-day Oceanside, it was known as "King of the Missions" as the largest and richest of 21 Missions, and its church was the largest building in pre-U.