Misc: Science & Academia
Misc: Social Theory
Misc: Ethics & Morality
Misc: Stereotypes & Prejudice
It's #BeerDay which is a great excuse to post pics of the ~ 12,000-year-old site of Gobekli Tepe, which features some of the oldest (possible) evidence of beer drinking. ~ @AntiquityJ We didn't manage to get a powered aircraft off the ground until the 20th century, but beer? We had that nailed 12,000 years ago. @jens2go ~ @JazzShaw
Analysis of World Value Survey data posits two major dimensions of cross cultural variation in the world: Traditional values versus Secular-rational values and Survival values versus Self-expression values. This map shows how scores of countries are located on these two dimensions. Moving upward on this map reflects the shift from Traditional values to Secular-rational and moving rightward reflects the shift from Survival values to... Source: World Values Survey 7 (2020) [Provisional version]
The longest bull market in history began shortly after Obama entered office and continued well into Trump’s presidency. Investors welcomed Trump’s corporate tax cuts in 2017, and although the trade war with China put them on edge, stocks enjoyed a record-breaking run all the way up to 2020. At the start of the pandemic in 2020, the S&P 500 plunged 34% in about a month, before recovering later in the summer. As of October 28, the index was up 44% in Trump’s presidency, overall... Source: CNN
The widest measure of economic activity — gross domestic product — measures the value of the goods and services produced in the country. It typically grows between 2% to 3% per year after adjusting for inflation. Trump’s first three years were all within that range, but 2020 saw a deep decline. We don’t have a full year of data yet, but the second quarter was the worst in records going back to 1947. Third-quarter data, which was released on Thursday, showed a partial recovery. Many economists
The federal government’s debt burden hasn’t been this high relative to the size of the economy since World War II, but it didn’t get there during Trump’s presidency alone. The debt grew under Reagan, who ushered in massive tax cuts, and it surged under Obama, who used federal stimulus funds to aid the economy during the Great Recession. At the time Trump took office, the debt totaled around 76% of GDP.... Source: CNN
Princeton psychologists recently showed that certain faces, even when expressionless, strike people as trustworthy or untrustworthy. Features like the shape of the eyebrow are part of an unconscious language of trust that powerfully affects human interaction. According to recent work by Nikolaas Oosterhof and Alexander Todorov of Princeton's psychology department, we form our first opinions of someone's trustworthiness through a quick physiognomic snapshot...
Desire (Stoic Acceptance) - derived from Physics - Virtues: Courage, Temperance - "Don't hope that the events will turn out the way you want, welcome events in whichever way they happen: this is the path to peace." (Epictetus, Enchiridion, 8) Action (Stoic Philanthropy) - derived from Ethics - Virtue: Justice - "Men exist for the sake of one another. Teach them then or bear with them." (Marcus Aurelius, Meditations, VIII, 59) Assent (Stoic Mindfulness) - derived from Logic - Virtue: (Practic
Kantian Philosophy (Immanuel Kant, Germany, 1724-1804) - Deontological (from Greek for duty); non-consequentialist - Says: do it because it is the right thing to do, on principle. - People are ends in themselves, must not be treated as means to ends, 'respect for persons' - Motives are what counts, having a 'good will,' a sense of duty, makes an action right. - Linked to Natural Law (Thomas Locke, 1632-1714); precursor to 'universal human rights'...
BELIEFS - spiritual - moral - social - intellectual - economic - political VALUES - Values are global, abstract principles that serve as guiding principles in people's lives (e.g., freedom, honesty, equality, beauty, harmony, competitiveness, happiness, order and wisdom). ATTITUDES - Three components: 1) Cognitive (what we believe); 2) Affective (our feelings); 3) Behavioral (learned associations)... Source: Mohan Kumar
The Sophists held that all thought rests solely on the apprehensions of the senses and on subjective impression, and that therefore we have no other standards of action than convention for the individual. Specializing in rhetoric, the Sophists were more professional educators than philosophers. They flourished as a result of a special need at that time for Greek education...