Race: Health & Health Care

Collection by The Sociological Cinema • Last updated 3 weeks ago

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This board explores racial and ethnic disparities in health and health care. Included are images from the notorious Tuskegee syphilis experiment. There are also graphs depicting the manifestations of more subtle forms of racial discrimination, such as those that illustrate average life expectancy, various disease rates, and other health outcomes by race. In terms of health care, the board surveys the enormous gaps observed in treatment and insurance coverage based on race.

The Sociological Cinema
Race: Coronavirus/COVID-19
Race: Health Insurance Coverage
Race: Mortality
Race: Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
Race: Health Status
Race: J. Marion Sims' Experimentation
Other Pins

Race: Coronavirus/COVID-19

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Race or ethnicity with the highest coronavirus rate in each county, through May 28

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Coronavirus cases per 10,000 Black residents, through May 28

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Coronavirus cases per 10,000 Latinos, through May 28

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The NYT had to sue to get virus data broken down by race. Sue. ~ @Yamiche Black and Latino people in the U.S. are 3 times as likely to contract the coronavirus than their white neighbors--and nearly twice as likely to die, according to new data we obtained by suing the CDC nyti.ms/3e0ZlZk ~ @nytimes

The NYT had to sue to get virus data broken down by race. Sue. ~ @Yamiche Black and Latino people in the U.S. are 3 times as likely to contract the coronavirus than their white neighbors--and nearly twice as likely to die, according to new data we obtained by suing the CDC nyti.ms/3e0ZlZk ~ @nytimes

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28.

Rate of Black and Latino coronavirus cases, compared with white cases

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28, 2020

Coronavirus cases per 10,000 people, by age and race

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28, 2020

Source: Pew Research Center

Black Americans more likely to know someone who has been hospitalized or died from coronavirus, 2020

Source: Pew Research Center

Source: APM Research Lab

Black Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Source: APM Research Lab

Asian Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Source: APM Research Lab

Indigenous Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Source: APM Research Lab

Latino Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

A CDC study of multiple datasets offers insight into characteristics of COVID-19 patients in 14 states hospitalized in the month of March, 2020. Each characteristics has a different data size  Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Stephanie Adeline / NPR

Characteristics of Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19

In a study of the early coronavirus epidemic in the U.S., a third of people who were hospitalized were African American. Top risk factors were high blood pressure and obesity.

Source: APM Research Lab

White Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 25, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Hispanics more likely to have a job requiring frequent contact with others or to live with people who do, 2020. Source: Pew Research Center

Hispanics more likely to have a job requiring frequent contact with others, 2020.

Hispanics more likely to have a job requiring frequent contact with others or to live with people who do, 2020. Source: Pew Research Center

Race: Health Insurance Coverage

Even with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), people of color have disproportionately less access to Health Insurance.   Source: Henry J. Kaiser Foundation / Peter G. Peterson Foundation

Nonwhite Individuals at Higher Risk of being Uninsured, 2016

Even with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), people of color have disproportionately less access to Health Insurance. Source: Henry J. Kaiser Foundation / Peter G. Peterson Foundation

ACA benefits by women of color

ACA benefits by women of color

Child Population of the Nation Compared to Child Population Covered by Medicaid/CHIP, by Race/Ethnicity, 2015

Child Population of the Nation Compared to Child Population Covered by Medicaid/CHIP, by Race/Ethnicity, 2015

Nonelderly (18 to 64) Black Americans Are More Likely to Have Past-Due Medical Debt  Source: McKernan, Braga, and Karas calculations from the 2015 National Financial Culpability Study

Nonelderly (18 to 64) Black Americans Are More Likely to Have Past-Due Medical Debt Source: McKernan, Braga, and Karas calculations from the 2015 National Financial Culpability Study

Health - Percentage of uninsured, ages 18-64, 2009  Source: Kaiser Family Foundation; This chart is from an infographic that shows inequality among women by race, education, and political leadership. Source: Center for American Progress

Health - Percentage of uninsured, ages 18-64, 2009 Source: Kaiser Family Foundation; This chart is from an infographic that shows inequality among women by race, education, and political leadership. Source: Center for American Progress

Race: Mortality

Maternal Deaths by Race (per 100,000 births)  Source: MBRRACE, 2018 / CDC, 2019 / 2020. Explained: Sex. "Childbirth." Netflix.

Maternal Deaths by Race

Maternal Deaths by Race (per 100,000 births) Source: MBRRACE, 2018 / CDC, 2019 / 2020. Explained: Sex. "Childbirth." Netflix.

#Trumpcare will kill more Americans than Al Qaida & ISIS could ever kill but at least your healthcare won't be named after a black guy...  ~ @AltNatParkSer

#Trumpcare will kill more Americans than Al Qaida & ISIS could ever kill but at least your healthcare won't be named after a black guy... ~ @AltNatParkSer

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / p. 80 of the User Guide to the 2016 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Public Use File

Infant Mortality by Race, 2016

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / p. 80 of the User Guide to the 2016 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Public Use File

Infant Mortality Is Three Times Higher for Baltimore's Black Babies  Source: Baltimore Neighborhood Indicator Alliance

Infant Mortality Is Three Times Higher for Baltimore's Black Babies Source: Baltimore Neighborhood Indicator Alliance

Infant Mortality (rate per 1,000)  thesociologicalcinema.tumblr.com/post/56886681109/affirmative-action-then-now-follow-this-link

Infant Mortality (rate per 1,000) thesociologicalcinema.tumblr.com/post/56886681109/affirmative-action-then-now-follow-this-link

Infant Mortality Rates for Mothers Age 20 and Over by Race/Ethnicity and Education, 2001-2003

Infant Mortality Rates for Mothers Age 20 and Over by Race/Ethnicity and Education, 2001-2003

Infant Death Rates, by Maternal Age: White, Black, and Mexican Mothers, U.S., 2013.   Source: Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Public Use File, Centers for Disease Control.  *Infant death rates per 1,000 live births for non-Hispanic white (N = 1,925,847), non-Hispanic black (N = 533,341), and Mexican origin (N = 501,390) mothers. / h/t: Philip N. Cohen

Infant Death Rates, by Maternal Age: White, Black, and Mexican Mothers, U.S., 2013. Source: Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Public Use File, Centers for Disease Control. *Infant death rates per 1,000 live births for non-Hispanic white (N = 1,925,847), non-Hispanic black (N = 533,341), and Mexican origin (N = 501,390) mothers. / h/t: Philip N. Cohen

More Black and White Men Are Dying  Source: National Vital Statistics System / Sarah Frostenson

More Black and White Men Are Dying Source: National Vital Statistics System / Sarah Frostenson

How Are We Likely to Die: Percentage Causes of Death By Race/Ethnicity | Click on this image for a larger image | via Norton Sociology

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nortonsoc

Maternal Mortality in the United States  Millennium development goal set a global commitment to reduce maternal mortality. The U.S. did not meet the target. One reason the U.S. has not achieved the goal: racial disparities in health outcomes. Black women in the U.S. are dying at a rate 4 times higher than white women.  Source: Maternal Health Task Force / WHO Trends in Maternal Mortality, 1990-2015 / CDC Pregnancy Mortality

Maternal Mortality in the United States Millennium development goal set a global commitment to reduce maternal mortality. The U.S. did not meet the target. One reason the U.S. has not achieved the goal: racial disparities in health outcomes. Black women in the U.S. are dying at a rate 4 times higher than white women. Source: Maternal Health Task Force / WHO Trends in Maternal Mortality, 1990-2015 / CDC Pregnancy Mortality

Death Rates of Black and White Women in 2015  At almost every age, black women still have higher death rates  Source: CDC / Urban Institute

Death Rates of Black and White Women in 2015 At almost every age, black women still have higher death rates Source: CDC / Urban Institute

Deaths from Opioids per 100,000, 2016  Source: CDC

Deaths from Opioids per 100,000, 2016 Source: CDC

Death Rates of Black and White Men in 2015  At almost every age, black men still have higher death rates  Source: CDC / Urban Institute

Death Rates of Black and White Men in 2015 At almost every age, black men still have higher death rates Source: CDC / Urban Institute

Race: Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

A research subject from the Tuskegee syphilis study gets his blood drawn. "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis...Photo credit: The Public Health Service

A research subject from the Tuskegee syphilis study gets his blood drawn. "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis...Photo credit: The Public Health Service

Surgeon General David Satcher, President Bill Clinton, and Vice President Al Gore pose with survivors of the Tuskeegee Syphilis Study following the national apology in 1997.

Surgeon General David Satcher, President Bill Clinton, and Vice President Al Gore pose with survivors of the Tuskeegee Syphilis Study following the national apology in 1997.

"The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they had "bad blood" and could receive free medical treatment in return for participating...

The Sociological Cinema

Six Tuskegee syphilis experiment test subjects On July 25, 1972, the Tuskegee syphilis experiment came to light. The U.S. Public Health Service, in conjunction w/ the Tuskegee Institute in AL, had...

"The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they had "bad blood" and could receive free medical treatment in return for participating. For many participants…

"The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they had "bad blood" and could receive free medical treatment in return for participating. For many participants…

Dr. Walter Edmondson takes blood from a man as part of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Researchers were also known to inject subjects with what they said was a cure. In fact it was often only aspirin.  "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. Photo creidt: National Archives

Dr. Walter Edmondson takes blood from a man as part of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Researchers were also known to inject subjects with what they said was a cure. In fact it was often only aspirin. "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. Photo creidt: National Archives

Dr injects subject with placebo; the Tuskegee Syphilis Study,c.1972.  "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was conducted btwn 1932&1972 in Tuskegee, AL; 399 poor-&mostly illiterate-Black sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The subjects did not give informed consent &were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they cld receive free treatment in return for participating. For many, treatment was denied. Photo: Nat. Archives&Records Admin

Dr injects subject with placebo; the Tuskegee Syphilis Study,c.1972. "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was conducted btwn 1932&1972 in Tuskegee, AL; 399 poor-&mostly illiterate-Black sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The subjects did not give informed consent &were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they cld receive free treatment in return for participating. For many, treatment was denied. Photo: Nat. Archives&Records Admin

This is a copy of actual letter sent out to African American men in the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, asking them to return for a second examination.  "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor-and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis...

This is a copy of actual letter sent out to African American men in the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, asking them to return for a second examination. "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor-and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis...

U.S. Public Health Service Certificate in Recognition of 25 Years  Source: Records of the Centers for Disease Control and PreventionSeries: Tuskegee Syphilis Study Administrative Records, 1930-1980

U.S. Public Health Service Certificate in Recognition of 25 Years Source: Records of the Centers for Disease Control and PreventionSeries: Tuskegee Syphilis Study Administrative Records, 1930-1980

6 Tuskegee syphilis experiment test subjects. On 7/25/1972, the Tuskegee syphilis experiment came to light. The US Public Health Service, in conjunction w/ the Tuskegee Institute in AL, had been allowing poor, rural black men w/ syphilis to go w/out treatment, even allowing them to die as a way of studying the disease. These men were intentionally misled that they were being treated for “bad blood.” Their doctors never had intentions of curing them from the syphilis that was slowly killing…

6 Tuskegee syphilis experiment test subjects. On 7/25/1972, the Tuskegee syphilis experiment came to light. The US Public Health Service, in conjunction w/ the Tuskegee Institute in AL, had been allowing poor, rural black men w/ syphilis to go w/out treatment, even allowing them to die as a way of studying the disease. These men were intentionally misled that they were being treated for “bad blood.” Their doctors never had intentions of curing them from the syphilis that was slowly killing…

Dr. Walter Edmondson draws blood from a research subject during the Tuskegee syphilis study.  "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis...Photo credit: The Public Health Service

Dr. Walter Edmondson draws blood from a research subject during the Tuskegee syphilis study. "The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis...Photo credit: The Public Health Service

"The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they had "bad blood" and could receive free medical treatment in return for participating. For many participants…

"The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor--and mostly illiterate--African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they had "bad blood" and could receive free medical treatment in return for participating. For many participants…

Race eugenics was once considered science. Homosexuality was once a mental disorder. Letting people die of syphilis was once a study.  ~ @shOoObz

Race eugenics was once considered science. Homosexuality was once a mental disorder. Letting people die of syphilis was once a study. ~ @shOoObz

Race: Health Status

Best & worst metros for black women's health outcomes (Among cities with at least 100,000 black women)  Source: Analysis by Junia Howell (David H. Montgomery / City Lab)

Best & worst metros for black women's health outcomes

Livability indexes can obscure the experiences of non-white people. CityLab analyzed the outcomes just for black women, for a different kind of ranking.

Hypertension Prevalence, African and European Descent Populations: Ages 35-64, Age Adjusted  [click on this image to find a short post and video, which consider the myth that African Americans experience higher rates of hypertension because of the harsh conditions their ancestors endured on slave ships crossing the Atlantic]

Racial Projects and the Wizardry of Oz

_ Originally posted on Sociological Images

Race: J. Marion Sims' Experimentation

J. Marion Sims Didn't Think Black Women Felt Pain  The "father of modern gynecology" experimented non-consensually on black women using unethical and painful methods.  Why Is My Curriculum White?  Source: luu.org.uk/campaign/wimcw

J. Marion Sims Didn't Think Black Women Felt Pain The "father of modern gynecology" experimented non-consensually on black women using unethical and painful methods. Why Is My Curriculum White? Source: luu.org.uk/campaign/wimcw

Other Pins

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Race or ethnicity with the highest coronavirus rate in each county, through May 28

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Coronavirus cases per 10,000 Black residents, through May 28

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Coronavirus cases per 10,000 Latinos, through May 28

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The NYT had to sue to get virus data broken down by race. Sue. ~ @Yamiche Black and Latino people in the U.S. are 3 times as likely to contract the coronavirus than their white neighbors--and nearly twice as likely to die, according to new data we obtained by suing the CDC nyti.ms/3e0ZlZk ~ @nytimes

The NYT had to sue to get virus data broken down by race. Sue. ~ @Yamiche Black and Latino people in the U.S. are 3 times as likely to contract the coronavirus than their white neighbors--and nearly twice as likely to die, according to new data we obtained by suing the CDC nyti.ms/3e0ZlZk ~ @nytimes

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28.

Rate of Black and Latino coronavirus cases, compared with white cases

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28, 2020

Coronavirus cases per 10,000 people, by age and race

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Note: Data is through May 28, 2020

Source: Pew Research Center

Black Americans more likely to know someone who has been hospitalized or died from coronavirus, 2020

Source: Pew Research Center

Source: APM Research Lab

Black Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Source: APM Research Lab

Asian Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Source: APM Research Lab

Indigenous Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Source: APM Research Lab

Latino Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 26, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

A CDC study of multiple datasets offers insight into characteristics of COVID-19 patients in 14 states hospitalized in the month of March, 2020. Each characteristics has a different data size  Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / Stephanie Adeline / NPR

Characteristics of Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19

In a study of the early coronavirus epidemic in the U.S., a third of people who were hospitalized were African American. Top risk factors were high blood pressure and obesity.

Source: APM Research Lab

White Americans: Percent of COVID-19 deaths and population, through May 25, 2020

COVID-19 has now claimed more than 155,000 American lives. This page monitors all known states releasing racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths—especially to track the disproportionate impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Indigenous and other Americans of color.

Hispanics more likely to have a job requiring frequent contact with others or to live with people who do, 2020. Source: Pew Research Center

Hispanics more likely to have a job requiring frequent contact with others, 2020.

Hispanics more likely to have a job requiring frequent contact with others or to live with people who do, 2020. Source: Pew Research Center

Even with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), people of color have disproportionately less access to Health Insurance.   Source: Henry J. Kaiser Foundation / Peter G. Peterson Foundation

Nonwhite Individuals at Higher Risk of being Uninsured, 2016

Even with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), people of color have disproportionately less access to Health Insurance. Source: Henry J. Kaiser Foundation / Peter G. Peterson Foundation

Artist: Alyse Ruriani

If we want to address mental health, we need to dig deeper

Artist: Alyse Ruriani

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