Race: Segregation

Collection by The Sociological Cinema

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This board surveys the long history of formal and informal racial segregation in the US, South Africa, Germany, and others. Many of the US images depict moments of segregation based on the Black Codes of the mid to late 19th century and the Jim Crow laws, which justified segregation and discrimination well into the 1960s. Finally, the board also explores the many attempts to exclude Japanese Americans and other racial minorities, particularly during the time of WWII.

The Sociological Cinema
Race: Japanese American Discrimination
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Race: Japanese American Discrimination

A sad historical fact of America's paranoia. A Japanese family returning home from a relocation center camp in Hunt, Idaho, found their home and garage vandalized with anti-Japanese graffiti and broken windows in Seattle, Washington, on May (AP Photo) World History, World War Ii, Japanese Graffiti, Idaho, Haunting Photos, Japanese American, Photo Story, Pearl Harbor, Thats The Way

A Japanese family returns home to find their garage vandalized with graffiti and broken windows in Seattle, on May 10, 1945. AP Photo

"Asiatics Must Not Be Naturalized. No Japs in our Schools"  This is an exhibit at the Japanese American National Museum featuring a picture of 12th grade graduating class at a Japanese Language School in Hollywood, California (1941). The exhibit includes an editorial arguing against the naturalization of Japanese American students and their integration in schools. Japanese Language School, In Hollywood, Hollywood California, Jim Crow, Japanese American, Teaching History, Sociology, Us Images, National Museum
Hollywood CaliforniaJapanese AmericanTeaching HistoryUs Images

"Asiatics Must Not Be Naturalized. No Japs in our Schools" This is an exhibit at the Japanese American National Museum featuring a picture of 12th grade graduating class at a Japanese Language School in Hollywood, California (1941). The exhibit includes an editorial arguing against the naturalization of Japanese American students and their integration in schools.

California Alien Law of 1913 Prohibited citizenship for "aliens" and it affected the Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Korean immigrants Significance: Asian immigrants had difficulty in having citizenship granted to them while they were in the United States. Japanese American, Asian American, California History, Jim Crow, Teaching History, Husband Love, Sociology, Law, Citizenship

"Vote Yes on Proposition No. 1 Alien Land Law. Save California from the Japs. To Prevent the Japs from Owning Our Land. Vote Yes." This is a sign promoting Proposition 1, the California Alien Land Law of 1912-1913 that prohibits Asian migrants from owning property. It passed.

First-Hand Stories From The Japanese-American Internment Camps Of WWII japanese internment camps - Camping World History, World War Ii, History Pics, Asian History, Don Delillo, Pearl Harbor Attack, Ellis Island, Japanese American, Asian American

"Japs keep out. You are not wanted." "Japs Keep Moving. This is a white man's neighborhood." Source: Does anyone know when and where this photo was taken?

"We don't want any Japs back here." A man identified as Kent, a barber from Washington, points to a sign in his shop suggesting he opposes the return of Japanese Americans from internment camps, March Source: United Press International (UPI) Ap World History, Women In History, American History, Pearl Harbor Attack, Ww2 Photos, Japanese American, Human Condition, World War Two

"We don't want any Japs back here...EVER!" A man identified as Kent, a barber from Washington, points to a sign in his shop suggesting he opposes the return of Japanese Americans from internment camps, March 2, 1944. Source: United Press International (UPI)

Introduction In the middle of Arthur Miley, an aide to Los Angeles County supervisor John Anson Ford, declared, “From all I heard it. Second World, In This World, Dont Let The Sun, Army Infantry, Japanese American, Group Work, New World Order, Us Images, Countries Of The World
Army InfantryJapanese AmericanNew World OrderUs Images

"Japs - Don't let the sun set on your here. Keep moving. This is Rose Hill" As this picture shows, Rose Hill joined a number of towns in the U.S. known as sundown towns. The term referred to white cities or neighborhoods that organized to exclude people of color from living among them. The towns were also sometimes known as “sunset towns” or “gray towns.” Source: Does anyone know any other information about this photo, including the date it was taken?

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The United States is invaded by aliens, thousands of whom constitute so many acute perils to the health of the body politic. Modernism is of precisely the . Campaign Posters, Jim Crow, Japanese American, Slogan, Hold On, Politics, It Is Finished, Let It Be, Modernism
Japanese AmericanHold OnPoliticsLet It BeModernism

"HOLD/ RE-ELECT JAMES D. PHELAN, U. S. SENATOR/ And let him Finish the work he now has under way to stop the SILENT INVASION" - Anti-Japanese Campaign Poster, 1920 In 1919, approaching the end of his term as U.S. senator, Phelan launched a new anti-Japanese campaign. He contended that the Japanese were a menace to America economically, socially and militarily. Using slogans like "Keep California White," he called for a more stringent alien land law.

Source: PRRI social network survey

Who are your friends? (2014)

Source: PRRI social network survey

Source: Hall, Matthew, John Iceland, Youngmin Yi. "Racial Separation at Home and Work"

How segregation changed at work

Source: Hall, Matthew, John Iceland, Youngmin Yi. "Racial Separation at Home and Work"

Americans lived in racially segregated neighborhoods during the first decade of the twenty-first century. Source: Hall, Matthew, John Iceland, Youngmin Yi. "Racial Separation at Home and Work"

How segregation changed at home

Americans lived in racially segregated neighborhoods during the first decade of the twenty-first century. Source: Hall, Matthew, John Iceland, Youngmin Yi. "Racial Separation at Home and Work"

Whites migrated to the suburbs following the decision in Brown v. Board of Education. Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Where white families lived

Whites migrated to the suburbs following the decision in Brown v. Board of Education. Source: U.S. Census Bureau

A Woman of Color holds up a dilapidated sign that designates the Virginia Key Beach as segregated, 1940s.  Photo credit: Copy Arcadia Publishing / Miami Herald Florida Trail, State Of Florida, Anastasia Island, Personal Injury Law Firm, Florida Blue, Race In America, African American Girl, Jim Crow, Beach Color
Florida BlueRace In America

"Dade County Parks Virginia Beach - Colored Only," 1940s

A Woman of Color holds up a dilapidated sign that designates the Virginia Key Beach as segregated, 1940s. Photo credit: Copy Arcadia Publishing / Miami Herald

"It is required by law, under penalty of fine of $5.00 to $25.00 that White and Negro passengers must occupy the respective space or seats indicated by signs in this vehicle. - Texas Penal Code, Article 1659, Sec. 4, Dallas City ordinance, No. 2904"  Signs like this appeared in Dallas buses and at Dallas bus stops, where there were separate areas for black passengers to stand until the late 1950s.

Signs like this appeared in Dallas buses & at Dallas bus stops until the late 1950s

"It is required by law, under penalty of fine of $5.00 to $25.00 that White and Negro passengers must occupy the respective space or seats indicated by signs in this vehicle. - Texas Penal Code, Article 1659, Sec. 4, Dallas City ordinance, No. 2904" Signs like this appeared in Dallas buses and at Dallas bus stops, where there were separate areas for black passengers to stand until the late 1950s.

Walter Ring, who stands in the center holding a Confederate flag, drove from the Richmond area to protest the Faith and Politics Institute's delegation to observe how residents of Farmville, Virginia are dealing with racial integration. He catches the attention of A. P. Jackson, a local lawyer. Prince Edward county closed its public schools from 1959 to 1964 instead on integrating them, April 30, 2006. Photo credit: Chris Maddaloni

"Never Accept Integration"

Walter Ring, who stands in the center holding a Confederate flag, drove from the Richmond area to protest the Faith and Politics Institute's delegation to observe how residents of Farmville, Virginia are dealing with racial integration. He catches the attention of A. P. Jackson, a local lawyer. Prince Edward county closed its public schools from 1959 to 1964 instead on integrating them, April 30, 2006. Photo credit: Chris Maddaloni

A black little girl leaves a cafe through a door marked 'For Colored,' circa (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)Image provided by Getty Image. American Cafe, American History, Society Problems, Black Little Girls, History Education, History Projects, Photo Archive, History Facts, Oppression
American CafeHistory Facts

A black little girl leaves a cafe through a door marked "For Colored"

A black little girl leaves a cafe through a door marked "For Colored," c. 1950. Photo credit: Hulton Archive / Getty; Does anyone know where this picture was taken?

Assistant manager Israel Batista-Olivieri blocks the entrance as Morgan State College students, from left, Latifah Lois Chinnery, Marvin Redd, and Richard E. Timmons attempt to buy tickets at the Northwood.  Photo credit: William L. LaForce, Jr. / National Building Museum

Northwood theater protest, 1963

Assistant manager Israel Batista-Olivieri blocks the entrance as Morgan State College students, from left, Latifah Lois Chinnery, Marvin Redd, and Richard E. Timmons attempt to buy tickets at the Northwood. Photo credit: William L. LaForce, Jr. / National Building Museum

The woman's sign reads: "I am the biggest pig in the town and only get involved with Jews!" and the man's sign reads: "As a Jewish boy, I only go to bed with German girls."  In 1933, Jewish businessman Oskar Danker and his Christian girlfriend were forced to carry signs discouraging Jewish-German integration. Intimate relationships between “true Germans” and Jews were outlawed by 1935 — at Duhnen Strand-Cuxhaven.  Photo credit: Getty

The woman's sign reads: "I am the biggest pig in the town and only get involved with Jews!" and the man's sign reads: "As a Jewish boy, I only go to bed with German girls." In 1933, Jewish businessman Oskar Danker and his Christian girlfriend were forced to carry signs discouraging Jewish-German integration. Intimate relationships between “true Germans” and Jews were outlawed by 1935 — at Duhnen Strand-Cuxhaven. Photo credit: Getty

This memorial day.remembering those black soldiers who made the ultimate sacrifice for a nation that did not honor them. Amen My dad was one of those soldiers. Tuskegee Airmen, Black History Facts, History Class, Today History, Happy Memorial Day, Historical Quotes, King Jr, African History, African Art

Tuskegee Airmen

Artist: Chris Hopkins

David Isom 19 broke the color line in a segregated pool in Florida on June 8 1958 which resulted in officials closing the facility. (xpost r/HistoryPorn) Margaret Hamilton, Jackson Mississippi, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Rare Historical Photos, Rare Photos, By Any Means Necessary, Jim Crow, Black History Facts
Margaret HamiltonMartin Luther KingBlack History Facts

At the age of 19, David Isom (pictured here) crossed the color line in a segregated pool in Florida, June 8, 1958. His defiance resulted in officials closing the facility Photo credit: Bettmann Archive / Getty Images

Is your district drawing borders to reduce or perpetuate racial segregation?

The data proves that school segregation is getting worse

Residential Segregation in American Cities, c. 2017 Source: Tomas E. Monarrez

A sad historical fact of America's paranoia. A Japanese family returning home from a relocation center camp in Hunt, Idaho, found their home and garage vandalized with anti-Japanese graffiti and broken windows in Seattle, Washington, on May (AP Photo) World History, World War Ii, Japanese Graffiti, Idaho, Haunting Photos, Japanese American, Photo Story, Pearl Harbor, Thats The Way

A Japanese family returns home to find their garage vandalized with graffiti and broken windows in Seattle, on May 10, 1945. AP Photo

"Asiatics Must Not Be Naturalized. No Japs in our Schools"  This is an exhibit at the Japanese American National Museum featuring a picture of 12th grade graduating class at a Japanese Language School in Hollywood, California (1941). The exhibit includes an editorial arguing against the naturalization of Japanese American students and their integration in schools. Japanese Language School, In Hollywood, Hollywood California, Jim Crow, Japanese American, Teaching History, Sociology, Us Images, National Museum
Hollywood CaliforniaJapanese AmericanTeaching HistoryUs Images

"Asiatics Must Not Be Naturalized. No Japs in our Schools" This is an exhibit at the Japanese American National Museum featuring a picture of 12th grade graduating class at a Japanese Language School in Hollywood, California (1941). The exhibit includes an editorial arguing against the naturalization of Japanese American students and their integration in schools.