This board surveys the long history of formal and informal racial segregation in the US, South Africa, Germany, and others. Many of the US images depict moments…
Race: Japanese American Discrimination
What We Were Taught: The G.I. Bill helped vets to secure loans to buy a house upon returning from WWII. What We Would Be Taught with Critical Race Theory: Many banks refused to approve loans to Black vets, resulting in fewer than 100 out of 67,000 mortgages going to non-white borrowers in some suburbs. Artist: Benjamin Slyngstad
"HOLD/ RE-ELECT JAMES D. PHELAN, U. S. SENATOR/ And let him Finish the work he now has under way to stop the SILENT INVASION" - Anti-Japanese Campaign Poster, 1920 In 1919, approaching the end of his term as U.S. senator, Phelan launched a new anti-Japanese campaign. He contended that the Japanese were a menace to America economically, socially and militarily. Using slogans like "Keep California White," he called for a more stringent alien land law.
"It is required by law, under penalty of fine of $5.00 to $25.00 that White and Negro passengers must occupy the respective space or seats indicated by signs in this vehicle. - Texas Penal Code, Article 1659, Sec. 4, Dallas City ordinance, No. 2904" Signs like this appeared in Dallas buses and at Dallas bus stops, where there were separate areas for black passengers to stand until the late 1950s.
Walter Ring, who stands in the center holding a Confederate flag, drove from the Richmond area to protest the Faith and Politics Institute's delegation to observe how residents of Farmville, Virginia are dealing with racial integration. He catches the attention of A. P. Jackson, a local lawyer. Prince Edward county closed its public schools from 1959 to 1964 instead on integrating them, April 30, 2006. Photo credit: Chris Maddaloni
Assistant manager Israel Batista-Olivieri blocks the entrance as Morgan State College students, from left, Latifah Lois Chinnery, Marvin Redd, and Richard E. Timmons attempt to buy tickets at the Northwood. Photo credit: William L. LaForce, Jr. / National Building Museum
The woman's sign reads: "I am the biggest pig in the town and only get involved with Jews!" and the man's sign reads: "As a Jewish boy, I only go to bed with German girls." In 1933, Jewish businessman Oskar Danker and his Christian girlfriend were forced to carry signs discouraging Jewish-German integration. Intimate relationships between “true Germans” and Jews were outlawed by 1935 — at Duhnen Strand-Cuxhaven. Photo credit: Getty
"Asiatics Must Not Be Naturalized. No Japs in our Schools" This is an exhibit at the Japanese American National Museum featuring a picture of 12th grade graduating class at a Japanese Language School in Hollywood, California (1941). The exhibit includes an editorial arguing against the naturalization of Japanese American students and their integration in schools.
"Vote Yes on Proposition No. 1 Alien Land Law. Save California from the Japs. To Prevent the Japs from Owning Our Land. Vote Yes." This is a sign promoting Proposition 1, the California Alien Land Law of 1912-1913 that prohibits Asian migrants from owning property. It passed.
"Japs - Don't let the sun set on your here. Keep moving. This is Rose Hill" As this picture shows, Rose Hill joined a number of towns in the U.S. known as sundown towns. The term referred to white cities or neighborhoods that organized to exclude people of color from living among them. The towns were also sometimes known as “sunset towns” or “gray towns.” Source: Does anyone know any other information about this photo, including the date it was taken?
Jim Crow Laws "it shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers." - Birmingham, Alabama, 1930. "It shall be unlawful for any white prisoner to be handcuffed or otherwise chained or tied to a negro prisoner." - Arkansas, 1903. "No colored barber shall serve as a barber to white women or girls." - Atlanta, Georgia, 1926
You tell me that hitler Is a mighty bad man. I guess he took lessons from the ku klux klan... Cause everything that hitler And mussolini do, Negroes get the same Treatment from you... I ask you this question Cause I want to know How long I got to fight BOTH HITLER AND JIM CROW. ~ Langston Hughes, "Beaumont to Detroit," 1943 Photo credit: jessehimself
1896 Plessy V. Ferguson - "Separate but Equal" In 1892 Homer Plessy of New Orleans, Louisiana, volunteered to test the legality of railroad car segregation in that state. He sat in a "whites only" car, refused to move to a segregated car, was arrested, and sued in court. The case eventually reached the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled that segregation was legal as long as the accommodations were "separate but equal." This ruling propped up segregation laws for more than 50 years.
Segregated Education - After the Civil War, the federal government took steps to ensure that public education was available for all citizens. However, the end of Reconstruction halted progress, and local control of school systems in the South prolonged segregation Separate public education facilities for African American students were limited to elementary schools, and these received fewer resources, including out-of-date books and inadequate buildings. Source: African American History Museum