Race: Segregation

This board surveys the long history of formal and informal racial segregation in the US, South Africa, Germany, and others. Many of the US images depict moments…
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"HOLD/ RE-ELECT JAMES D. PHELAN, U. S. SENATOR/ And let him Finish the work he now has under way to stop the SILENT INVASION" - Anti-Japanese Campaign Poster, 1920 In 1919, approaching the end of his term as U.S. senator, Phelan launched a new anti-Japanese campaign. He contended that the Japanese were a menace to America economically, socially and militarily. Using slogans like "Keep California White," he called for a more stringent alien land law.
A Japanese family returns home to find their garage vandalized with graffiti and broken windows in Seattle, on May 10, 1945.    AP Photo
"Asiatics Must Not Be Naturalized. No Japs in our Schools"  This is an exhibit at the Japanese American National Museum featuring a picture of 12th grade graduating class at a Japanese Language School in Hollywood, California (1941). The exhibit includes an editorial arguing against the naturalization of Japanese American students and their integration in schools.

Race: Japanese American Discrimination

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two cartoon comics depicting the same person in front of a house and what we thought would be taught with capital race theory
What We Were Taught and What We Would be Taught with Critical Race Theory
What We Were Taught: The G.I. Bill helped vets to secure loans to buy a house upon returning from WWII. What We Would Be Taught with Critical Race Theory: Many banks refused to approve loans to Black vets, resulting in fewer than 100 out of 67,000 mortgages going to non-white borrowers in some suburbs. Artist: Benjamin Slyngstad
an old poster hanging on the side of a wooden fence
"HOLD/ RE-ELECT JAMES D. PHELAN, U. S. SENATOR/ And let him Finish the work he now has under way to stop the SILENT INVASION" - Anti-Japanese Campaign Poster, 1920 In 1919, approaching the end of his term as U.S. senator, Phelan launched a new anti-Japanese campaign. He contended that the Japanese were a menace to America economically, socially and militarily. Using slogans like "Keep California White," he called for a more stringent alien land law.
a bar chart showing the percentage of friends who are on social network survey
Who are your friends? (2014)
Source: PRRI social network survey
a bar graph shows the percentage of people who have served work
How segregation changed at work
Source: Hall, Matthew, John Iceland, Youngmin Yi. "Racial Separation at Home and Work"
a bar graph shows the percentage of homeownership in each region
How segregation changed at home
Americans lived in racially segregated neighborhoods during the first decade of the twenty-first century. Source: Hall, Matthew, John Iceland, Youngmin Yi. "Racial Separation at Home and Work"
the bar chart shows where white families lived
Where white families lived
Whites migrated to the suburbs following the decision in Brown v. Board of Education. Source: U.S. Census Bureau
a woman standing next to a sign that says, dad county parks virginia beach colored only
"Dade County Parks Virginia Beach - Colored Only," 1940s
A Woman of Color holds up a dilapidated sign that designates the Virginia Key Beach as segregated, 1940s. Photo credit: Copy Arcadia Publishing / Miami Herald
"It is required by law, under penalty of fine of $5.00 to $25.00 that White and Negro passengers must occupy the respective space or seats indicated by signs in this vehicle. - Texas Penal Code, Article 1659, Sec. 4, Dallas City ordinance, No. 2904"  Signs like this appeared in Dallas buses and at Dallas bus stops, where there were separate areas for black passengers to stand until the late 1950s. Texas, Dallas, Dallas City, Passenger, Bus Stops, Bus Stop, Buses, Signs
Signs like this appeared in Dallas buses & at Dallas bus stops until the late 1950s
"It is required by law, under penalty of fine of $5.00 to $25.00 that White and Negro passengers must occupy the respective space or seats indicated by signs in this vehicle. - Texas Penal Code, Article 1659, Sec. 4, Dallas City ordinance, No. 2904" Signs like this appeared in Dallas buses and at Dallas bus stops, where there were separate areas for black passengers to stand until the late 1950s.
people holding flags and signs in front of a store with the words never forget about mississippi written on them
"Never Accept Integration"
Walter Ring, who stands in the center holding a Confederate flag, drove from the Richmond area to protest the Faith and Politics Institute's delegation to observe how residents of Farmville, Virginia are dealing with racial integration. He catches the attention of A. P. Jackson, a local lawyer. Prince Edward county closed its public schools from 1959 to 1964 instead on integrating them, April 30, 2006. Photo credit: Chris Maddaloni
A black little girl leaves a cafe through a door marked "For Colored," c. 1950.  Photo credit: Hulton Archive / Getty; Does anyone know where this picture was taken? Retro, Hulton Archive, 20th Century, Historical Photos, Jim, History Facts
A black little girl leaves a cafe through a door marked "For Colored"
A black little girl leaves a cafe through a door marked "For Colored," c. 1950. Photo credit: Hulton Archive / Getty; Does anyone know where this picture was taken?
black and white photograph of men standing in front of an elevator
Northwood theater protest, 1963
Assistant manager Israel Batista-Olivieri blocks the entrance as Morgan State College students, from left, Latifah Lois Chinnery, Marvin Redd, and Richard E. Timmons attempt to buy tickets at the Northwood. Photo credit: William L. LaForce, Jr. / National Building Museum
a group of people holding signs standing next to each other
The woman's sign reads: "I am the biggest pig in the town and only get involved with Jews!" and the man's sign reads: "As a Jewish boy, I only go to bed with German girls." In 1933, Jewish businessman Oskar Danker and his Christian girlfriend were forced to carry signs discouraging Jewish-German integration. Intimate relationships between “true Germans” and Jews were outlawed by 1935 — at Duhnen Strand-Cuxhaven. Photo credit: Getty
a drawing of a man sitting on top of a bench next to a baseball bag
Tuskegee Airmen
Artist: Chris Hopkins
a man standing in the middle of a swimming pool while others watch from the sidelines
At the age of 19, David Isom (pictured here) crossed the color line in a segregated pool in Florida, June 8, 1958. His defiance resulted in officials closing the facility Photo credit: Bettmann Archive / Getty Images
several maps showing the percentage of people living in each neighborhood
The data proves that school segregation is getting worse
Residential Segregation in American Cities, c. 2017 Source: Tomas E. Monarrez