Social Mvmts: Nation of Islam
Wallace D. Fard Muhammad founded a new branch of the Islamic faith in July 1930. After Fard disappeared in 1934, his assistant Elijah Muhammad changed the name…
The Million Man March On Oct. 16, 1995, the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan called for Black men to gather in Washington, D.C. to reflect on their roles in their households and beyond. The march saw hundreds of thousands of men from across the United States line the National Mall for a day of peace, solidarity and recommitment to family and communiy. Photo credit: Ebony
"Black World Is with US for...Justice!," Muhammad Speaks, July 5, 1963 caption under the photo reads, "Africans were angered by this photo of a lone Alabama woman, drenched by fire hoses and facing dogs and armored cars because she struggled to end the Negro's historic oppression and persecution."
Allah, a.k.a. Clarence 13X, (born Clarence Smith) was a former student of Malcolm X and in 1964 founded the Five-Percent Nation of Islam. Clarence 13X broke from The Five-Percent Nation after a theological dispute with the Nation's leaders over the nature and identity of God. Specifically, Clarence 13X denied that the Nation's biracial founder Master W. Fard Muhammad was Allah and instead taught the black man was himself God personified.
"Join the Army of God. Join the F.O.I." Fruit of Islam (FOI), or "Fruit" for short, is the male-only paramilitary wing of the Nation of Islam (NOI). The Fruit of Islam wear distinctive blue or white uniforms and caps and have units at all NOI temples. Louis Farrakhan, as head of the Nation of Islam, is commander-in-chief of the Fruit of Islam, and his son, Mustapha Farrakhan Sr., is second in command. The women's counterpart to the Fruit of Islam is Muslim Girls Training (MGT).