Social Mvmts: The Black Panther Party

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The Black Panther Party (BPP) grew out of the social and political upheaval of the 1960s and quickly became the most visible face of the Black Power movement. Founded in 1966, the ideological edifice of the BPP was formed from an eclectic collection of predecessors, including the Nation of Islam, the Deacons for Defense and SNCC (Ogbar 2004). This board surveys photos related to the BPP from 1966 to present, and includes the artwork that graced the pages of their newsletter, "The Black Panther."

The Sociological Cinema
Social Mvmts: BPP (1968)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1969)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1970)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1971)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1972)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1966)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1967)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1973)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1974)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1975)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1976)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1977)
Social Mvmts: BPP (1978)
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Social Mvmts: BPP (1968)

Kendall Haggerty with a "Black Autographs" folder and Black doll at a "Free Huey" rally, DeFremery Park, 1968.  Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Kendall Haggerty with a "Black Autographs" folder and Black doll at a "Free Huey" rally

Kendall Haggerty with a "Black Autographs" folder and Black doll at a "Free Huey" rally, DeFremery Park, 1968. Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Panthers march down Second Avenue in New York City on their way to the United Nations, 1968. Photo credit: Bettman / Corbis

Panthers march down Second Avenue in New York City on their way to the United Nations, 1968. Photo credit: Bettman / Corbis

Panther Coloring Book - "Black Brothers Protect Black Children."  The Black Panther Coloring Book was released in 1968 and follows the journey of black (or white, depending on how you color them) people from Africa to America, where they apparently all got huge knives and started killing cops. It sort of makes the Black Panthers look like crazy, irrational assholes, which was the point, because it was made by the FBI and sent to white families across the country.

The Sociological Cinema

sinidentidades: “ I hope people are aware that this is not a real image produced by the Black Panthers. It was created by the FBI as part of a coloring book made to look like the Black Panthers...

George Murray, Minister of Education, teaching English at San Francisco State College, San Francisco, CA, Oct. 2, 1968 — in San Francisco, California.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

George Murray, Minister of Education, teaching English at San Francisco State College

George Murray, Minister of Education, teaching English at San Francisco State College, San Francisco, CA, Oct. 2, 1968 — in San Francisco, California. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Kathleen Cleaver, Free Huey Rally, Bobbly Hutton Memorial Park, September 22, 1968.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Kathleen Cleaver at a Free Huey Rally — in Oakland, California.

Kathleen Cleaver, Free Huey Rally, Bobbly Hutton Memorial Park, September 22, 1968. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Black Panthers, Free Huey Rally, Bobby Hutton Memorial Park, September 22, 1968 — in Oakland, California.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Black Panthers at a Free Huey Rally

Black Panthers, Free Huey Rally, Bobby Hutton Memorial Park, September 22, 1968 — in Oakland, California. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Black Panther, August 31, 1968 — in Marin City, California.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Black Panther, August 31, 1968.

Black Panther, August 31, 1968 — in Marin City, California. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Black Panthers during drill, (far right, Elbert ‘Big Man’ Howard) De Fremery Park, July 28, 1968 — in Oakland, California.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Black Panthers during drill

Black Panthers during drill, (far right, Elbert ‘Big Man’ Howard) De Fremery Park, July 28, 1968 — in Oakland, California. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Bobby Seale speaking on Free Huey Rally Bus, Free Huey Rally, De Fremery Park, July 14, 1968 — in Oakland, California.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Bobby Seale speaking on Free Huey Rally Bus

Bobby Seale speaking on Free Huey Rally Bus, Free Huey Rally, De Fremery Park, July 14, 1968 — in Oakland, California. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Black Panthers from Sacramento, Free Huey Rally, Bobby Hutton Memorial Park, Oakland, CA,” August 25, 1968.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

"A Black Revolutionary Xmas! 1969's the time...Bomb! - Off the pig! Buy 'Us' Guns! Burn, Baby, Burn! Live Black and Free! Blow Oink-Oink Away! Snipe the Hogs!" The Black Panther, December 7, 1968.

"A Black Revolutionary Xmas! 1969's the time...Bomb! December 7, 1968.

"A Black Revolutionary Xmas! 1969's the time...Bomb! - Off the pig! Buy 'Us' Guns! Burn, Baby, Burn! Live Black and Free! Blow Oink-Oink Away! Snipe the Hogs!" The Black Panther, December 7, 1968.

"1,000,000 Signatures for Eldridge. Do Your Thing...Petition: Keep Eldridge Cleaver out of Prison," The Black Panther, October 19, 1968.

Petition: Keep Eldridge Cleaver out of Prison," The Black Panther, October 19, 1968

"1,000,000 Signatures for Eldridge. Do Your Thing...Petition: Keep Eldridge Cleaver out of Prison," The Black Panther, October 19, 1968.

A still from the short documentary, "Black Panthers,"1968.  Photo credit: Agnès Varda

A still from the short documentary, "Black Panthers,"1968. Photo credit: Agnès Varda

A still from the short documentary, "Black Panthers,"1968.  Photo credit: Agnès Varda

A still from the short documentary, "Black Panthers,"1968. Photo credit: Agnès Varda

This is a still from the documentary, “Black Panthers - Huey!” directed by French filmmaker Agnès Varda, 1968.

This is a still from the documentary, “Black Panthers - Huey!” directed by French filmmaker Agnès Varda, 1968.

Social Mvmts: BPP (1969)

Fred Hampton, Illinois Black Panther Party Chairman, speaks at demonstration outside Cook County Hospital. Over 400 protesters attended the Friday afternoon rally. Hampton called for "health care to meet the needs of the people," 1969

Fred Hampton speaks outside Cook County Hospital, 1969

Fred Hampton, Illinois Black Panther Party Chairman, speaks at demonstration outside Cook County Hospital. Over 400 protesters attended the Friday afternoon rally. Hampton called for "health care to meet the needs of the people," 1969

In Oakland, California.  Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch

Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program at St. Augustine's Episcopal Church, 1969

In Oakland, California. Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch

Charles Bursey serving children at Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program, St. Augustine’s Episcopal Church, May 19, 1969.  Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch / University of California, Santa Cruz

Charles Bursey serving children at Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program

Charles Bursey serving children at Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program, St. Augustine’s Episcopal Church, May 19, 1969. Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch / University of California, Santa Cruz

"All power to the people" "Community control of police," 1969.  Artist: Emory Douglas

"All power to the people" "Community control of police," 1969. Artist: Emory Douglas

Fred Hampton had proved to be a prolific organizer in the Southside of Chicago when he succeeded in building a “Rainbow Coalition” of working class blacks, latinos, and whites.  Photo credit: Linn Ehrlich; (Does anyone know where this image was taken?)

The Black Panthers and Young Patriots hold a joint press conference, 1969.

Fred Hampton had proved to be a prolific organizer in the Southside of Chicago when he succeeded in building a “Rainbow Coalition” of working class blacks, latinos, and whites. Photo credit: Linn Ehrlich; (Does anyone know where this image was taken?)

"In Revolution one wins, or one dies," The Black Panther, April 20, 1969.   This quote is from Che Guevara's farewell letter to Fidel Castro, 1965.  Artist: Emory Douglas

"In Revolution one wins, or one dies," The Black Panther, April 20, 1969. This quote is from Che Guevara's farewell letter to Fidel Castro, 1965. Artist: Emory Douglas

"Afro-American Solidarity with the Oppressed People of the World," March 23, 1969.  Artist: Emory Douglas​

"Afro-American Solidarity with the Oppressed People of the World," March 23, 1969. Artist: Emory Douglas​

"We will never allow Soviet Revisionists to invade and occupy China's sacred territory--Chenpao Island." The Black Panther, March 23, 1969.

"We will never allow Soviet Revisionists to invade and occupy China's sacred territory--Chenpao Island." The Black Panther, March 23, 1969.

Social Mvmts: BPP (1970)

"In Revolution One Wins Or One Dies...Death to the Fascist Pigs," 1970 (Vol. 5, No. 17)  Artist: Emory Douglas

"In Revolution One Wins Or One Dies...Death to the Fascist Pigs," 1970 (Vol. 5, No. 17) Artist: Emory Douglas

"Romaine 'Chip' Fitzgerald, Political Prisoner 1970, San Quentin Prison, Death Row," The Black Panther, August 8, 1970.

"Romaine 'Chip' Fitzgerald, Political Prisoner 1970, San Quentin Prison, Death Row," August 8, 1970.

"Romaine 'Chip' Fitzgerald, Political Prisoner 1970, San Quentin Prison, Death Row," The Black Panther, August 8, 1970.

"We just ain't gonna let nobody stand in the way of our freedom, nobody," April 25, 1970  Artist: Emory Douglas

"We just ain't gonna let nobody stand in the way of our freedom, nobody," April 25, 1970 Artist: Emory Douglas

On August 22, 1970, shortly after his release from prison, Huey Newton, the minister of defense for the Black Panther Party, held a press conference at actor Jane Fonda's New York City apartment. The purpose of the meeting was to garner support for Lonnie McLucas, a member of the Party's chapter in Bridgeport, Connecticut, who stood accused of murder in a case that ensnared both the New Haven and the New York chapters of the Black Panthers...Photo credit: James E. Hinton Jr.

Huey Newton, 1942-1989

On August 22, 1970, shortly after his release from prison, Huey Newton, the minister of defense for the Black Panther Party, held a press conference at actor Jane Fonda's New York City apartment. The purpose of the meeting was to garner support for Lonnie McLucas, a member of the Party's chapter in Bridgeport, Connecticut, who stood accused of murder in a case that ensnared both the New Haven and the New York chapters of the Black Panthers...Photo credit: James E. Hinton Jr.

Memorial mural for Jonathan Jackson in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1970. Jackson was killed on August 7, 1970, during an attempt to kidnap California Superior Court judge Harold Haley and three others. Jackson intended to exchange Haley for the freedom of his imprisoned brother, George Jackson.   Photo credit: Stephen Shames

Memorial mural for Jonathan Jackson in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1970. Jackson was killed on August 7, 1970, during an attempt to kidnap California Superior Court judge Harold Haley and three others. Jackson intended to exchange Haley for the freedom of his imprisoned brother, George Jackson. Photo credit: Stephen Shames

Brad Jones, wearing cap, member of the Philadelphia Black Panthers Organization, helps serve breakfast to youngsters, March 19, 1970   Source; AP / Bill Ingraham — at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Brad Jones, wearing cap, member of the Philadelphia Black Panthers Organization, helps serve breakfast to youngsters, March 19, 1970 Source; AP / Bill Ingraham — at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

"I sho nuf knows one thing, I's gonna have some freedom one way or nudder even if I half to die for it - Kill the Pigs," September 19, 1970.  Artist: Emory Douglas

"I sho nuf knows one thing, I's gonna have some freedom one way or nudder even if I half to die for it - Kill the Pigs," September 19, 1970. Artist: Emory Douglas

"We Want an End to the Robbery by the Capitalist of our Black Community - Shoot to Kill," The Black Panther, December 26, 1970.  Inside: Oakland Police Department hires 23 year old Saundra Brown as a police officer, Bertha and Jay Sanders and their 11 children are evicted from home in Mt. Vernon...  Artist: Emory Douglas

"We Want an End to the Robbery by the Capitalist of our Black Community - Shoot to Kill," The Black Panther, December 26, 1970. Inside: Oakland Police Department hires 23 year old Saundra Brown as a police officer, Bertha and Jay Sanders and their 11 children are evicted from home in Mt. Vernon... Artist: Emory Douglas

"The Last Christmas??? Death to the fascist pigs," The Black Panther, December 26, 1970.  Inside: Oakland Police Department hires 23 year old Saundra Brown as a police officer, Bertha and Jay Sanders and their 11 children are evicted from home in Mt. Vernon...  Artist: Emory Douglas

"The Last Christmas??? Death to the fascist pigs," The Black Panther, December 26, 1970. Inside: Oakland Police Department hires 23 year old Saundra Brown as a police officer, Bertha and Jay Sanders and their 11 children are evicted from home in Mt. Vernon... Artist: Emory Douglas

A group of schoolgirls carry "radical" school bags with signage designating the British Black Panthers, 1970.  Photo credit: Neil Kenlock / Autograph ABP — in London, United Kingdom.

A group of schoolgirls carry "radical" school bags with signage designating the British Black Panthers, 1970. Photo credit: Neil Kenlock / Autograph ABP — in London, United Kingdom.

Social Mvmts: BPP (1971)

The Black Panther, January 2, 1971

"1971 - The Year of the Youth"

The Black Panther, January 2, 1971

To all revolutionary artists - I would like to take this time to express on behalf of the Black Panther Party our warmest thanks to all revolutionary artists who have given their talents and thoughts to the people through revolutionary art. We would like to say that every artist's work that has appeared in the Black Panther Newspaper this past year has been a great contribution of visual interpretation of the ideology of the Black Panther Party and of the oppressed people of the world.

"1971 Year of the Youth - Youth Makes the Revolution"

To all revolutionary artists - I would like to take this time to express on behalf of the Black Panther Party our warmest thanks to all revolutionary artists who have given their talents and thoughts to the people through revolutionary art. We would like to say that every artist's work that has appeared in the Black Panther Newspaper this past year has been a great contribution of visual interpretation of the ideology of the Black Panther Party and of the oppressed people of the world.

"Boyette Still Refuses to Donate to the Community's Survival Programs," The Black Panther, November 29, 1971.

"Boyette Still Refuses to Donate to the Community's Survival Programs," November 29, 1971.

"Boyette Still Refuses to Donate to the Community's Survival Programs," The Black Panther, November 29, 1971.

"If You Love Them, You'll Defend Them. Norma Gist Re-captured Black Mother Jailed for Defending Her Children," The Black Panther, November 29, 1971.

"If You Love Them, You'll Defend Them, November 29, 1971.

"If You Love Them, You'll Defend Them. Norma Gist Re-captured Black Mother Jailed for Defending Her Children," The Black Panther, November 29, 1971.

"Black Capitalism Re-analyzed, by Huey P. Newton, Minister of Defense, Black Panther Party, Servant of the People," The Black Panther, June 5, 1971.

"Black Capitalism Re-analyzed, by Huey P. Newton, Minister of Defense, Black Panther Party, Servant of the People," The Black Panther, June 5, 1971.

Huey told me that the people are responsible for making revolution. But while in the process of making the revolution, Huey says, "we the people are threatened with Genocide, because racism and fascism are rampant, not only in our country but throughout the world." He says, "We intend to change all that, but in order to change it, there must be total transformation, but until such time that we can achieve that total..(March 20, 1971)  Artist: Emory Douglas

Survival Pending Revolution, 1971

Huey told me that the people are responsible for making revolution. But while in the process of making the revolution, Huey says, "we the people are threatened with Genocide, because racism and fascism are rampant, not only in our country but throughout the world." He says, "We intend to change all that, but in order to change it, there must be total transformation, but until such time that we can achieve that total..(March 20, 1971) Artist: Emory Douglas

"I've stood by too long while the racist pigs brutalized and murdered my people. The blood of the pig must flow in the street. Death to the fascist pigs," November 21, 1971.  Artist: Emory Douglas

"I've stood by too long while the racist pigs brutalized and murdered my people. The blood of the pig must flow in the street. Death to the fascist pigs," November 21, 1971. Artist: Emory Douglas

"It is my belief that we black people need gas and electricity on cold and dark days, doctors and medicine in times of sickness, breakfast, lunch and dinner in times of hunger," 1971.  Artist: Emory Douglas; (Does anyone know which issue of The Black Panther this was published in?)

"It is my belief that we black people need gas and electricity on cold and dark days, doctors and medicine in times of sickness, breakfast, lunch and dinner in times of hunger," 1971. Artist: Emory Douglas; (Does anyone know which issue of The Black Panther this was published in?)

"The Pigs Will Always Suffer another Crushing Blow That Will Be Irretrievable without a Doubt," The Black Panther, February 13, 1971.  Artist: Emory Douglas

"The Pigs Will Always Suffer another Crushing Blow That Will Be Irretrievable without a Doubt," The Black Panther, February 13, 1971. Artist: Emory Douglas

"Enemies of the People," The Black Panther, February 13, 1971.

"Enemies of the People," The Black Panther, February 13, 1971.

"The pigs think they can intimidate me when I say free Bobby and Ericka, but intimidation breeds resistance. Free Bobby, free Ericka! Death to the fascist pigs!" February 6, 1971.   In 1969, a number of Black Panther members participated in the murder of fellow Panther Alex Rackley, who they suspected was a police informant. Among those arrested for the murder were Bobby Seale and Ericka Huggins. Their 1970-1971 trial took place in CT.  Artist: Emory Douglas

"The pigs think they can intimidate me when I say free Bobby and Ericka, but intimidation breeds resistance. Free Bobby, free Ericka! Death to the fascist pigs!" February 6, 1971. In 1969, a number of Black Panther members participated in the murder of fellow Panther Alex Rackley, who they suspected was a police informant. Among those arrested for the murder were Bobby Seale and Ericka Huggins. Their 1970-1971 trial took place in CT. Artist: Emory Douglas

"Free Ruchell!" The Black Panther, February 6, 1971.  "...You (America) are playing dangerously sick games at the wrong time with human lives, and you are not and cannot hide this case no longer."  ~ Ruchell Magee

"Free Ruchell!" The Black Panther, February 6, 1971. "...You (America) are playing dangerously sick games at the wrong time with human lives, and you are not and cannot hide this case no longer." ~ Ruchell Magee

Social Mvmts: BPP (1972)

Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Black Community Survival Conference, Free grocery distribution, March 30th, 1972

Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

"The Black Panther Party's Free Busing to Prisons Program Will Be Taking Friends and Relatives to Visit Prisoners at the Following Prisons."  Source: The Black Panther, Saturday, October 21, 1972

"The Black Panther Party's Free Busing to Prisons Program Will Be Taking Friends and Relatives to Visit Prisoners at the Following Prisons." Source: The Black Panther, Saturday, October 21, 1972

"Yes, I'm against the war in Vietnam, I'm for African liberation, voter registration and the people's survival!"  Emory Douglas wasn't the only artist to have work featured on the Black Panther Party's newsletter. Gaye Dickson, who went by the name "Asali," also produced images for the paper. Many of Asali's images were of children and strong women from the Black community, July 1, 1972.  Artist: Gayle Dickson, Black Panther Party artist 1972-1977

Yes, I'm against the war in Vietnam!

"Yes, I'm against the war in Vietnam, I'm for African liberation, voter registration and the people's survival!" Emory Douglas wasn't the only artist to have work featured on the Black Panther Party's newsletter. Gaye Dickson, who went by the name "Asali," also produced images for the paper. Many of Asali's images were of children and strong women from the Black community, July 1, 1972. Artist: Gayle Dickson, Black Panther Party artist 1972-1977

A Black Panther Party member prepares bags of food for distribution at the Black Panther Community Survival Conference, 1972.  Photo credit: Steven Kasher Gallery — in Oakland, California.

A Black Panther Party member prepares bags of food for distribution, 1972

A Black Panther Party member prepares bags of food for distribution at the Black Panther Community Survival Conference, 1972. Photo credit: Steven Kasher Gallery — in Oakland, California.

1,500 bags of groceries were distributed by the Black Panther Party during a Black Community Survival Conference at the Henry J. Kaiser Convention Center, March 31, 1972  — in Oakland, California.   Photo credit: Oakland Tribune Staff Archives

1,500 bags of groceries were distributed by the Black Panther Party during a Black Community Survival Conference at the Henry J. Kaiser Convention Center, March 31, 1972 — in Oakland, California. Photo credit: Oakland Tribune Staff Archives

Bobby Seale looking over bags of food being donated to the black community, 1972.

Bobby Seale looking over bags of food being donated to the black community, 1972.

"Vote for Survival: Bobby Seale for Mayor of Oakland, Elaine Brown for Councilwoman--People's Free Food Program Vote For Survival," August 19, 1972.  Artist: Asali

"Vote for Survival: Bobby Seale for Mayor of Oakland, Elaine Brown for Councilwoman--People's Free Food Program Vote For Survival," August 19, 1972. Artist: Asali

"I've lived through some hard times here in the 'land of plenty', with the U.S. government talking about a sale for this and a charge for that, while we the people starve!"  "People's Free Food Program"  The Black Panther newspaper (July 22, 1972)  Artist: Emory Douglas

"I've lived through some hard times here in the 'land of plenty', with the U.S. government talking about a sale for this and a charge for that, while we the people starve!" "People's Free Food Program" The Black Panther newspaper (July 22, 1972) Artist: Emory Douglas

"We have experienced a bitter life with dark and hungry days filled with pain. Now we the people are demanding a change..."  Emory Douglas wasn't the only artist to have work featured on the Black Panther Party's newsletter. Gaye Dickson, who went by the name "Asali," also produced images for the paper. Many of Asali's images were of children and strong women from the Black community - Artist: Gayle Dickson

"We have experienced a bitter life with dark and hungry days filled with pain. Now we the people are demanding a change..." Emory Douglas wasn't the only artist to have work featured on the Black Panther Party's newsletter. Gaye Dickson, who went by the name "Asali," also produced images for the paper. Many of Asali's images were of children and strong women from the Black community - Artist: Gayle Dickson

"Free Food Program - Bobby for Mayor"  "Vote for Survival. Bobby Seale for Mayor! Elaine Brown for City Council!" The Black Panther, June 3, 1972.

"Free Food Program - Bobby for Mayor," June 3, 1972.

"Free Food Program - Bobby for Mayor" "Vote for Survival. Bobby Seale for Mayor! Elaine Brown for City Council!" The Black Panther, June 3, 1972.

The woman in this poster carries a generic "Vote for Survival" sign. The text at the top advertises "Chairman Bobby Seale for Mayor, Minister of Information Elaine Brown for Councilwoman, Ron Dellums for Congressman, Shirley Chisholm for President." Bearing a tag reading, "David Hilliard, People's Free Shoe Program," the shoes in her handbag were more evidence of the Panthers' community programs. Artist: Emory Douglas

The woman in this poster carries a generic "Vote for Survival" sign. The text at the top advertises "Chairman Bobby Seale for Mayor, Minister of Information Elaine Brown for Councilwoman, Ron Dellums for Congressman, Shirley Chisholm for President." Bearing a tag reading, "David Hilliard, People's Free Shoe Program," the shoes in her handbag were more evidence of the Panthers' community programs. Artist: Emory Douglas

"Sickle Cell Anemia Testing: Black Community Survival Conference," The Black Panther Party supported health initiatives aimed at Black communities, March 3, 1972  — at Oakland, California.  Photo credit: Bob Fitch

"Sickle Cell Anemia Testing: Black Community Survival Conference," The Black Panther Party supported health initiatives aimed at Black communities, March 3, 1972 — at Oakland, California. Photo credit: Bob Fitch

"The Sickle Cell 'Game" - Phoney Foundations Try to Sabotage Black Panther Party's Sickle Cell Program," May 27, 1972

"The Sickle Cell 'Game," May 27, 1972

"The Sickle Cell 'Game" - Phoney Foundations Try to Sabotage Black Panther Party's Sickle Cell Program," May 27, 1972

The BPP organized sickle-cell anemia awareness campaigns and testing.  Photo credit: Stephen Shames

Black Panther Party Health Program, 1972

The BPP organized sickle-cell anemia awareness campaigns and testing. Photo credit: Stephen Shames

"African Liberation Day! Over 25,000 U.S. Blacks Demonstrate Support of Motherland Liberation Struggles," The Black Panther, June 3, 1972.

"African Liberation Day!" The Black Panther, June 3, 1972.

"African Liberation Day! Over 25,000 U.S. Blacks Demonstrate Support of Motherland Liberation Struggles," The Black Panther, June 3, 1972.

Sickle cell anemia testing at the Black Community Survival Conference, March 30, 1972  Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Sickle cell anemia testing at the Black Community Survival Conference, March 30, 1972 Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Social Mvmts: BPP (1966)

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Social Mvmts: BPP (1967)

Thirty armed members of the Black Panther Party went to the California State Capitol to protest the Mulford Act, May 2, 1967.  Photo credit: World Wide Photos

Thirty armed members of the Black Panther Party went to the California State Capitol to protest the Mulford Act, May 2, 1967. Photo credit: World Wide Photos

Social Mvmts: BPP (1973)

Black Panther Party administers free sickle cell testing in Boston, 1973.  Photo credit: Does anyone know who took this image?

Black Panther Party administers free sickle cell testing in Boston, 1973

Black Panther Party administers free sickle cell testing in Boston, 1973. Photo credit: Does anyone know who took this image?

"Elect Bobby Seale Mayor of Oakland - Vote May 15th," The Black Panther, May 12, 1973.

"Elect Bobby Seale Mayor of Oakland - Vote May 15th," The Black Panther, May 12, 1973.

"Elect Bobby Seale Mayor of Oakland - Vote May 15th," The Black Panther, May 12, 1973.

Social Mvmts: BPP (1974)

"Serving the people--Black Panthers Kent Ford supervises children from King School, who get a free hot breakfast under a Panther program. Ford says the free breakfast, and free dental and medical clinics sponsored by the Panthers, are 'to help our people survive,'" 1974  Photo credit: The Oregonian

Kent Ford supervises children enjoying a free hot breakfast, 1974

"Serving the people--Black Panthers Kent Ford supervises children from King School, who get a free hot breakfast under a Panther program. Ford says the free breakfast, and free dental and medical clinics sponsored by the Panthers, are 'to help our people survive,'" 1974 Photo credit: The Oregonian

Social Mvmts: BPP (1975)

"C.I.A. 'Dirty Tricks' Against B.P.P.," The Black Panther, January 15, 1975.

"C.I.A. 'Dirty Tricks' Against B.P.P.," The Black Panther, January 15, 1975.

"C.I.A. 'Dirty Tricks' Against B.P.P.," The Black Panther, January 15, 1975.

Social Mvmts: BPP (1976)

Artist: Emory Douglas

The Black Panther, November 13, 1976.

Artist: Emory Douglas

"Memorial Rally for Slain Black Youth. On November 7 Tyrone Guyton Would Have been 18-years-old," The Black Panther, November 13, 1976.

"Memorial Rally for Slain Black Youth," November 13, 1976.

"Memorial Rally for Slain Black Youth. On November 7 Tyrone Guyton Would Have been 18-years-old," The Black Panther, November 13, 1976.

Social Mvmts: BPP (1977)

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Social Mvmts: BPP (1978)

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Fred Hampton, Illinois Black Panther Party Chairman, speaks at demonstration outside Cook County Hospital. Over 400 protesters attended the Friday afternoon rally. Hampton called for "health care to meet the needs of the people," 1969

Fred Hampton speaks outside Cook County Hospital, 1969

Fred Hampton, Illinois Black Panther Party Chairman, speaks at demonstration outside Cook County Hospital. Over 400 protesters attended the Friday afternoon rally. Hampton called for "health care to meet the needs of the people," 1969

"Serving the people--Black Panthers Kent Ford supervises children from King School, who get a free hot breakfast under a Panther program. Ford says the free breakfast, and free dental and medical clinics sponsored by the Panthers, are 'to help our people survive,'" 1974  Photo credit: The Oregonian

Kent Ford supervises children enjoying a free hot breakfast, 1974

"Serving the people--Black Panthers Kent Ford supervises children from King School, who get a free hot breakfast under a Panther program. Ford says the free breakfast, and free dental and medical clinics sponsored by the Panthers, are 'to help our people survive,'" 1974 Photo credit: The Oregonian

Photo credit: Does anyone know where this image was taken, when it was taken, or who took it?

Image of children laughing while eating at one of the Black Panther Party's Free Breakfast events

Photo credit: Does anyone know where this image was taken, when it was taken, or who took it?

The Black Panther, January 2, 1971

"1971 - The Year of the Youth"

The Black Panther, January 2, 1971

Kendall Haggerty with a "Black Autographs" folder and Black doll at a "Free Huey" rally, DeFremery Park, 1968.  Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Kendall Haggerty with a "Black Autographs" folder and Black doll at a "Free Huey" rally

Kendall Haggerty with a "Black Autographs" folder and Black doll at a "Free Huey" rally, DeFremery Park, 1968. Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Black Community Survival Conference, Free grocery distribution, March 30th, 1972

Photo credit: Bob Fitch — in Oakland, California.

Black Panther Party administers free sickle cell testing in Boston, 1973.  Photo credit: Does anyone know who took this image?

Black Panther Party administers free sickle cell testing in Boston, 1973

Black Panther Party administers free sickle cell testing in Boston, 1973. Photo credit: Does anyone know who took this image?

"The Black Panther Party's Free Busing to Prisons Program Will Be Taking Friends and Relatives to Visit Prisoners at the Following Prisons."  Source: The Black Panther, Saturday, October 21, 1972

"The Black Panther Party's Free Busing to Prisons Program Will Be Taking Friends and Relatives to Visit Prisoners at the Following Prisons." Source: The Black Panther, Saturday, October 21, 1972

In Oakland, California.  Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch

Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program at St. Augustine's Episcopal Church, 1969

In Oakland, California. Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch

Panthers march down Second Avenue in New York City on their way to the United Nations, 1968. Photo credit: Bettman / Corbis

Panthers march down Second Avenue in New York City on their way to the United Nations, 1968. Photo credit: Bettman / Corbis

"In Revolution One Wins Or One Dies...Death to the Fascist Pigs," 1970 (Vol. 5, No. 17)  Artist: Emory Douglas

"In Revolution One Wins Or One Dies...Death to the Fascist Pigs," 1970 (Vol. 5, No. 17) Artist: Emory Douglas

Panther Coloring Book - "Black Brothers Protect Black Children."  The Black Panther Coloring Book was released in 1968 and follows the journey of black (or white, depending on how you color them) people from Africa to America, where they apparently all got huge knives and started killing cops. It sort of makes the Black Panthers look like crazy, irrational assholes, which was the point, because it was made by the FBI and sent to white families across the country.

The Sociological Cinema

sinidentidades: “ I hope people are aware that this is not a real image produced by the Black Panthers. It was created by the FBI as part of a coloring book made to look like the Black Panthers...

"Yes, I'm against the war in Vietnam, I'm for African liberation, voter registration and the people's survival!"  Emory Douglas wasn't the only artist to have work featured on the Black Panther Party's newsletter. Gaye Dickson, who went by the name "Asali," also produced images for the paper. Many of Asali's images were of children and strong women from the Black community, July 1, 1972.  Artist: Gayle Dickson, Black Panther Party artist 1972-1977

Yes, I'm against the war in Vietnam!

"Yes, I'm against the war in Vietnam, I'm for African liberation, voter registration and the people's survival!" Emory Douglas wasn't the only artist to have work featured on the Black Panther Party's newsletter. Gaye Dickson, who went by the name "Asali," also produced images for the paper. Many of Asali's images were of children and strong women from the Black community, July 1, 1972. Artist: Gayle Dickson, Black Panther Party artist 1972-1977

Charles Bursey serving children at Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program, St. Augustine’s Episcopal Church, May 19, 1969.  Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch / University of California, Santa Cruz

Charles Bursey serving children at Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program

Charles Bursey serving children at Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Program, St. Augustine’s Episcopal Church, May 19, 1969. Photo credit: Ruth-Marion Baruch / University of California, Santa Cruz

George Murray, Minister of Education, teaching English at San Francisco State College, San Francisco, CA, Oct. 2, 1968 — in San Francisco, California.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

George Murray, Minister of Education, teaching English at San Francisco State College

George Murray, Minister of Education, teaching English at San Francisco State College, San Francisco, CA, Oct. 2, 1968 — in San Francisco, California. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Kathleen Cleaver, Free Huey Rally, Bobbly Hutton Memorial Park, September 22, 1968.  Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz

Kathleen Cleaver at a Free Huey Rally — in Oakland, California.

Kathleen Cleaver, Free Huey Rally, Bobbly Hutton Memorial Park, September 22, 1968. Photo credit: Pirkle Jones / University of California, Santa Cruz