Social Mvmts: School Desegregation
There is a good reason why the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision in "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka" is often regarded to be the beginning of the modern…
Students on Strike In 1951, fed up with poor conditions at the segregated Robert Russa Moton High School in Farmville, Virginia, a group of students led by 16-year-old Barbara Johns went on strike to demand a new school building. NAACP lawyers convinced the students to go to court to fight for desegregated schools rather than a new segregated one. Farmville became one of five legal cases included in the landmark 1954 SCOTUS, Brown v. Board of Education. Source: African Amer. History Museum
Linda Brown & her Sister Walking to School, Topeka, Kansas, 3/1953 - On 5/17/1954, SCOTUS ruled on Brown v. the Board of Education & ended legal public-school segregation in the US.This case was named for the 4th-grader Linda Brown--seen here at 10, w/ her sister Terry Lynn, 6. Under segregation laws they werent allowed to attend the nearby New Summer School but had to walk 6 blocks thru the dangerous Rock Island Switchyard in order to catch a bus to all-black Monroe School. Photo: Carl Iwaski
Donna Jean Barksdale, 11, took a front-row seat and was left alone by white students when Hoxie, Arkansas voluntarily integrated schools in 1955. In part because the Hoxie School District did not have the funds to maintain separate schools, the District moved to abolish its dual educational system by integrating black children into its all-white schools, where approximately 1,000 white children attended. Twenty-one Black students attended on the first day of classes. Although there were no ini
25 of the Most Influential News Images of All Time – Photoshop and photography galleries
Dorothy Counts is often touted as the first black student to be enrolled into Harding High School, North Carolina. This 1957 image gives us an idea of the taunts and unnecessary humiliation she had to face during the time. What was once accepted as a part of social behavior is today rightly condemned as racism.
In this 1957 photo Terrence Roberts is being turned away from Central High School. Roberts would eventually be among the first to integrate Central High School, and later in life he would earn a Ph.D. in Psychology. Photo credit: Central High Museum Historical Collections / UALR Archives
In 1957, Little Rock Nine (Gloria Ray Karlmark, Terrance Roberts, Melba Patillo, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Minnijean Brown-Trickey, Jefferson Thomas, Carlotta Walls LaNier, and Thelma Mothershed-Wair) became the first black students to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. This act of courage and defiance became the catalyst for change in the American educational system. 6 of the 9 students pose with Daisy Lee Gatson Bates in front of SCOTUS. Photo credit: Paul Schutzer
The Little Rock Nine (top to bottom, left to right), Gloria Ray Karlmark, Terrance Roberts, and Melba Pattillo Beals; Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, and Minnijean Brown-Trickey; Jefferson Thomas, Carlotta Walls LaNier, and Thelma Mothershed-Wair.
Elizabeth Eckford is blocked from entering Central High School by Arkansas National Guard, 1957
In this image teenager Elizabeth Eckford is turned away from entering Central High School by Arkansas National Guardsmen under orders from Governor Orval Faubus, 1957. Photo credit: Francis Miller / The LIFE Picture Collection
Elizabeth Eckford is turned away from Central High School by the Arkansas National Guard, 1957
In this image Elizabeth Eckford is turned away from Central High School by members of the Arkansas National Guard, called out by Governor Orval Faubus, supposedly to stop riots between Blacks and whites. In fact, the National Guard simply prevented eight Black students from entering Central High School in defiance of a Federal Judge's order. Twenty days later, President Eisenhower sent the U.S. Army in to force the school to integrate, September 4, 1957. Photo credit: bettmann
The Little Rock Nine being escorted to Central High School, c. 1957. From the back left, Ernest Green and Jefferson Thomas; Thelma Mothershed Wair, Minnijean Brown Trickey, Elizabeth Eckford; Front Left: Terrence Roberts, unknown Soldier, Melba Pattillo Beal, Gloria Ray Karlmark, and Carlotta Walls Lanier. Photo credit: Marquette University
A policeman forces a woman into a squad car after violence broke out in Little Rock, Arkansas, 1957
A policeman forces an unidentified woman into a squad car after violence broke out in Little Rock, Arkansas, when nine Negro students eluded a crowd of angry whites and entered Central High School. Their entrance into the school touched off a walkout of white students, September 25, 1957. Source: The Cavalier Daily / NEA Telephoto
This painting is based on news photos of the Little Rock Nine, a group of black high school students seeking to attend one of the most prestigious high schools in Little Rock, Arkansas. Despite having the legal right to attend, when they showed up for their first day at the school, they had to be escorted by National Guardsmen. Artist: Domingo Ulloa
Let's celebrate Daisy Bates who walked black kids to white schools every day. History books never mention her name #BlackHistoryMonth In this image Daisy Gatson Bates stands with four students in front of her home, 1957. Photo credit: Thomas D. McAvoy / Time Life Pictures / Getty Images
Elizabeth Eckford was one of the Little Rock Nine, a group of African-American students who, in 1957, were the first black students ever to attend classes at Little Rock Central High School. Hazel Bryan Massery is the teenager screaming at Elizabeth Eckford in the background. Years later, Massery apologized and the two tentatively reconciled. Photo credit: Will Counts — in Little Rock, Arkansas.