War: World War I

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This board surveys the events of WWI (1914-1918). Prussian military theorist Carl von Clausewitz once wrote that "War is a continuation of politics by other means," and if true, then to understand the Great War one must begin with the politics of Europe. By the end of the conflict, 4 empires no longer existed in the world, and the final count of military and civilian casualties is estimated to run in excess of 37 million.

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The Unknown Fate of The Painting That Was Too Dangerous For Hitler Otto Dix's painting, 'The Trench,' which graphically showed the horrors of World War I, featured in an exhibition of works the Nazis deemed 'degenerate.' Then it went missing. World War I, Old World, Degenerate Art, Working Drawing, People Art, Triptych, Various Artists, Surreal Art, Contemporary Artists

"The War Triptych," 1929-1932

The artist, Otto Dix, bore witness to the horrors of the First World War, but he had also borne witness to the 19th century faith in inevitable, unstoppable progress. "Savagery and barbarism weren't external to be found only in the colonies, but inside all of us. They had seen that industry and progress and the supposed triumph of Enlightenment rationalism did not guarantee the survival of civilization (quoted from "The Cult of Progress." Civilizations, Season 1, Ep. 8). Artist: Otto Dix

Weimar: Art of the First World War; Otto Dix, Stormtroopers During a Gas Attack, 1924 Emil Nolde, World War One, First World, Max Oppenheimer, Art Dégénéré, Cultura Judaica, Ww1 Art, George Grosz, Degenerate Art

"Shock troops advance under gas," c. 1924

The gas mask represents the terrifying flipside of technological power and the flawed ideals of empire, as Europe turned on itself. War was no longer about conquering supposedly backward peoples for the enlightened European empires. The lie was exposed. Industrial warfare had transformed the soldier from warrior to victim, emaciated and cowering like a wounded animal" (quoted from Civilizations, Season 1, Ep. 8). Artist: Otto Dix

Greek children standing by the bones of soldiers who died during the 1915 Gallipoli campaign they have collected on Hill 60, Anzac Cove, 1919  Photo credit: Imperial War Museum Ww1 History, History Images, History Museum, Military History, Ww1 Pictures, Ww1 Photos, Historical Pictures, Photographs, World War One

Greek children standing by the bones of fallen soldiers, 1919

Greek children standing by the bones of soldiers who died during the 1915 Gallipoli campaign they have collected on Hill 60, Anzac Cove, 1919 Photo credit: Imperial War Museum

Photo credit: Newfoundland Government Turkish Soldiers, Turkish Army, World War One, First World, French Army, Ottoman Empire, Newfoundland, Martini, Photo Credit

A heap of Turkish soldiers' bones and skulls, Gallipoli, Turkey, 1919

Photo credit: Newfoundland Government

a group of people posing for a photo: Nine soldiers of the Infantry Regiment, known as the Harlem Hellfighters, were photographed upon their return from World War I. Women In History, World History, Black History, British History, Ancient History, American History, American Soldiers, American Civil War, Native American

The 369th Infantry Regiment, 1919

The 369th Infantry Regiment was known for being the first African American regiment to serve with the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. "Some of the colored men of 369th (15th N.Y.) who won the Croix de Guerre for galantry in action. Front row, left to right: Private 'Eagle Eye' Ed Williams; 'Lamp Light' Herbert Taylor; Pvt. Leon Fraitor; Pvt. 'Kid Hawk' Ralph Hawkins. Back row, left to right: Sgt. H.D. Prinas; Sgt. Dan Storms; Pvt. 'Kid Woney' Joe Williams...

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The original caption reads: "Photo shows connecting trenches that lead to the first line where violent fighting is going on between the Italians and Australians, 6/22/18." Photo credit: Western Newspaper Union Photo Service

Haunting Colorized Photos Reveal the Devastation Caused by the Spanish Flu Which. - Haunting Colorized Photos Reveal the Devastation Caused by the Spanish Flu Which Killed at Least Fi - Soldiers Returning Home, Flu Outbreak, Colorized Photos, African American Weddings, American Red Cross, Famous Last Words, World War I, First World, Spanish

During World War I, Mrs. Hammond from the American Red Cross serves water to a badly wounded British soldier on a platform at the railroad station in Montmirail, France. May 31, 1918. Source: National Museum of Health and Medicine / U.S. Signal Corps

Women In Uniform During The First World War: The Women's Royal Naval Service, c. Two WRNS ratings on the quayside at Lowestoft checking the air pressure in Electric Contact mines circa Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Ww1 History, Women In History, World History, Military History, History Class, Ancient History, World War One, First World, Working Woman

Women In Uniform During The First World War: The Women's Royal Naval Service, Two WRNS ratings on the quayside at Lowestoft checking the air pressure in Electric Contact (EC) mines circa 1918. Note the mines laid out in the background. They are being connected to form mine nets which were used along the French and Belgian coast to conter the operations of coastal U-Boats, circa 1918. Photo credit: G P Lewis

First Battle of Bapaume (Operation Michael). A 60 pounder Mark II battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery in action in the open near La Boisselle. The village was re-captured by the Germans from the British, March — in La Boisselle. Ww1 History, Military History, British American, British Army, World War One, First World, Spring Offensive, Bad Picture, German Army

First Battle of Bapaume (Operation Michael). A 60 pounder Mark II battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery in action in the open near La Boisselle. The village was re-captured by the Germans from the British, March 25, 1918. — in La Boisselle.

Friday 1 July 2016 marked the centenary of the beginning of the Battle of the Somme, the biggest conflict seen on the Western Front during World War I. Here are some of the most arresting photos from the war. Contains graphic images. Old Pictures, Old Photos, Schlacht An Der Somme, Battle Of The Somme, Powerful Images, World War One, Interesting History, World History, Military History

Brigadier-General J.V. Campbell (seen standing on the bridge to the left) congratulates soldiers of the 46t Division after their successful crossing of the St. Quentin Canal in France. It was the first full breach of the German Hindenburg Defense Line and a decisive Allied victory, October 1918. Photo credit: PA Photos / PA Archive / Press Association Images — in Soissons, France.

Civilians inside a bombed out railroad station in Valenciennes, France 1915 Nagasaki, Hiroshima, World History, World War Ii, Ww2 History, Old Pictures, Old Photos, Valenciennes France, War Photography

A few civilians amidst the ruins of the train station, 1918. Phoro credit: Life Magazine

George Bellows The White Hope – Art Blart Rhode Island, Combat Boxe, Gothic Elements, Ashcan School, Hope Art, Most Famous Artists, Old Master, World War I, Artist At Work

In his painting ‘Return of the Useless,’ Bellows depicted Germans soldiers unloading sick and disabled labor camp prisoners from a rust-red boxcar. These were Belgian citizens who were being returned home. Artist: "Return of the Useless," George Bellows, 1918

Undated gassed Australian soldiers WWI in France Battle Of The Somme, World Literature, Lest We Forget, World War One, Wwi, New Pictures, Photo Galleries, France, Gallery

Gassed Australian soldiers awaiting treatment at a medical aid post near Bois de l'Abbé, May 27, 1918.

American soldiers stage the ill effects of not wearing a gas mask during World War Historical Times World War One, First World, Wilfred Owen, Flanders Field, Chemical Weapon, American Soldiers, World History, Military History, Warfare

American soldier dies during a German gas attack. Picture made in May, 1918. Photo credit: Bettmann / CORBIS

Four camel ambulances attached to the Imperial Camel Corps at Rafa, which was used as a base for the attack on Gaza, held by forces of the Ottoman Empire, Egypt 1918 (colour Paget plate) World War One, First World, Colorful Pictures, Cool Pictures, Ruined City, War Photography, World History, The Locals, Ambulance

Four camel ambulances attached to the Imperial Camel Corps. with the Red Cross banner flying, tending a wounded soldier. Note the cacolets used to transport wounded on the camels, 1918. Photo credit: James Francis Hurley — in Rafah, Egypt.

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German solider with dogs equipped with gas masks, c. 1917

Photo credit: London Media