"The War Triptych," 1929-1932
The artist, Otto Dix, bore witness to the horrors of the First World War, but he had also borne witness to the 19th century faith in inevitable, unstoppable progress. "Savagery and barbarism weren't external to be found only in the colonies, but inside all of us. They had seen that industry and progress and the supposed triumph of Enlightenment rationalism did not guarantee the survival of civilization (quoted from "The Cult of Progress." Civilizations, Season 1, Ep. 8). Artist: Otto Dix
"Shock troops advance under gas," c. 1924
The gas mask represents the terrifying flipside of technological power and the flawed ideals of empire, as Europe turned on itself. War was no longer about conquering supposedly backward peoples for the enlightened European empires. The lie was exposed. Industrial warfare had transformed the soldier from warrior to victim, emaciated and cowering like a wounded animal" (quoted from Civilizations, Season 1, Ep. 8). Artist: Otto Dix
Greek children standing by the bones of fallen soldiers, 1919
Greek children standing by the bones of soldiers who died during the 1915 Gallipoli campaign they have collected on Hill 60, Anzac Cove, 1919 Photo credit: Imperial War Museum
The 369th Infantry Regiment, 1919
The 369th Infantry Regiment was known for being the first African American regiment to serve with the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. "Some of the colored men of 369th (15th N.Y.) who won the Croix de Guerre for galantry in action. Front row, left to right: Private 'Eagle Eye' Ed Williams; 'Lamp Light' Herbert Taylor; Pvt. Leon Fraitor; Pvt. 'Kid Hawk' Ralph Hawkins. Back row, left to right: Sgt. H.D. Prinas; Sgt. Dan Storms; Pvt. 'Kid Woney' Joe Williams...
The original caption reads: "Photo shows connecting trenches that lead to the first line where violent fighting is going on between the Italians and Australians, 6/22/18." Photo credit: Western Newspaper Union Photo Service
During World War I, Mrs. Hammond from the American Red Cross serves water to a badly wounded British soldier on a platform at the railroad station in Montmirail, France. May 31, 1918. Source: National Museum of Health and Medicine / U.S. Signal Corps
Women In Uniform During The First World War: The Women's Royal Naval Service, Two WRNS ratings on the quayside at Lowestoft checking the air pressure in Electric Contact (EC) mines circa 1918. Note the mines laid out in the background. They are being connected to form mine nets which were used along the French and Belgian coast to conter the operations of coastal U-Boats, circa 1918. Photo credit: G P Lewis
First Battle of Bapaume (Operation Michael). A 60 pounder Mark II battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery in action in the open near La Boisselle. The village was re-captured by the Germans from the British, March 25, 1918. — in La Boisselle.
Brigadier-General J.V. Campbell (seen standing on the bridge to the left) congratulates soldiers of the 46t Division after their successful crossing of the St. Quentin Canal in France. It was the first full breach of the German Hindenburg Defense Line and a decisive Allied victory, October 1918. Photo credit: PA Photos / PA Archive / Press Association Images — in Soissons, France.
In his painting ‘Return of the Useless,’ Bellows depicted Germans soldiers unloading sick and disabled labor camp prisoners from a rust-red boxcar. These were Belgian citizens who were being returned home. Artist: "Return of the Useless," George Bellows, 1918
Four camel ambulances attached to the Imperial Camel Corps. with the Red Cross banner flying, tending a wounded soldier. Note the cacolets used to transport wounded on the camels, 1918. Photo credit: James Francis Hurley — in Rafah, Egypt.