...and the creation of depth. These pins have been posted solely to promote awareness of design principles and elements through commentary and critical…
The color white drives the text to the foreground, advancing the message towards the viewer. The black image defines a middle ground while the color blue defines the background. Black & blue color systems recede away from the viewer. The result is: depth. Meanwhile, the orientation of the black image, the right hand vertical alignment of the text and the vertical orientation of the format create a vertical direction. The horizontal alignment of left and right texts create a horizontal direction.
The running figure adds a 3-dimension quality we call "volume". It's set in front of a flat field of 2-dimensional pattern. The contrast of 2D vs. 3D creates advancing and receding qualities resulting in depth. The balance is largely symmetrical. The negative space is a dynamic pattern unto itself due to tension and closeness between the dots.
The warm orange sun and reflection advance while the muted warm and decidedly cool blue colors define the middle and backgrounds. The amount of orange vs blue represents a contrast of amounts (or contrast of extension according to Josef Albers). Adding more orange would disrupt the delicate balance. Smaller orange or a broader, even more intensive blue could have resulted in an ambiguity of advancing and receding forces. Claude Monet. Soleil levant www.montableau.com
Johannes Vermeer 1632-1675, The Art of Painting. Vermeer uses single-point perspective to guide the viewer from foreground to background. To further express advancing and receding qualities, he uses illumination to guide the viewer from a shadowy entrance. The relationship of the painter (Vermeer himself?) to the subject reinforces this effect, specifically through the contrast of a darker, larger foreground figure to the brighter, smaller background figure.
The luminous green text and circle below it bring hue and luminosity and thus provide an advancing system of elements. The black traffic signal and text advance from the white background and despite its mass, becomes the middle ground. Miles Davis All Stars album cover.
A pint of beer is illuminated and advances towards the foreground. The shaded red exclamation point provides a middle ground behind the beer and in front of the red background. Establishing foreground, middle ground and background helps to establish depth. But also pay attention to the advancing and receding qualities that contrast of color intensity can provide.
Bright hues of color tend to advance over more neutralized colors such as grays and browns. Also, strong contrast such as black on yellow or black on white have advancing qualities versus weaker contrasts. Movement can be felt by how the eye navigates along the paths of word, line and shape fragments.