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True West Magazine
True West Magazine
True West Magazine

True West Magazine

True West relates our history back to the present day, showing readers the important role our heritage plays in keeping the spirit of the West alive!

Here, Hart looks both dapper, yet ready for trouble in his frontier-era suit as he brandishes a Colt Peacemaker. Like many silver screen heroes of the Golden Age of Hollywood, Hart worked as a cowboy while growing up—he was the real deal! – True West Archives –

The Ake-Wadsworth wagon train consisted of two buggies, seven wagons, 24 men, 16 women and seven children, along with 800 head of cattle and as many goats and sheep. – True West Archives –

The federal deputies Judge Isaac Parker sent out to capture the lawbreakers in the 1890s included these marshals, posing in front of a land office in Perry, Oklahoma, in 1892. Bruce faced against men with similar dress and weaponry in his 1897 shoot-out. Unless you saw the badge, these marshals looked like pretty much everyone else you encountered in those days. – Courtesy Susan Swain Peters collection, Oklahoma Historical Society –

Photographed circa 1888 with his two wives, Ethlay and Ocheheh (right), and also by himself (left), Mickey Free is dressed far more colorfully and sharply than he was when Sieber first met the scout. Free lived out his life as an Apache on the White Mountain reservation and died in 1914. – left courtesy Robert G. McCubbin Collection; right courtesy Marc Simmons –

George Crook may have thought he finally beat the Apaches in 1874, but Geronimo’s guerilla war brought the commander back to Arizona in 1882. Four years later, he was relieved of his command. Then his long-time rival, Gen. Nelson Miles, got the credit for ending the Apache Wars when he exiled Geronimo and his band. – True West Archives –

John Clum, in buckskin garb given to him by one of his Apache policemen, poses with Diablo (at left) and Eskiminzin (at right) at San Carlos in 1875. The summer before, when he had first arrived at the agency to permanently replace Agent Charles Larrabee, Clum was greeted by severed heads on the parade ground. – Courtesy Cowan’s Auctions, December 10, 2010 –

When the bullet that murdered Wild Bill Hickok (right) struck William Massie (left) in the wrist, the riverboat captain rushed out of the saloon, screaming, “Wild Bill has shot me.” – Massie Courtesy William B. Secrest; Hickok courtesy Greg Martin Auctions, June 16, 2003 –

The mining camp of Deadwood, Dakota Territory, as it probably looked when Hickok arrived in 1876. – Courtesy South Dakota State Historical Society –

In April 1872, William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody (at right) and John Baker “Texas Jack” Omohundro (center) were the lead scouts in an Indian skirmish that earned Cody the Medal of Honor. That December, the pair began acting out their scouting adventures on the stage, in “The Scouts of the Prairie.” In September 1873, Wild Bill Hickok (at left) joined them in the renamed “Scouts of the Plains.” - Courtesy Library of Congress -

The 30-year-old John Wallace “Captain Jack” Crawford teamed up with 31-year-old Cody in 1877 to perform “The Red Right Hand,” which dramatized Cody’s loosely based claim of getting the first scalp for George Custer, who had been killed by Indians in battle the summer before. – Courtesy Heritage Auctions, May 22, 2010 –

This circa 1870s cabinet card of William F. Cody photographed by Napoleon Sarony reveals the 30-something actor during his theatre years. – Courtesy Heritage Auctions, June 13, 2008 –

This only known portrait of John and Victoria Behan together was probably taken around the time of their marriage in 1869. Six years later, they divorced. – Courtesy University of Arizona Special Collections –

The youngest son of Lone Horn, Touch The Clouds assumed the leadership of the Minneconjou Teton Lakota after his father died in 1875. Two years later, this photo was taken of him at the Spotted Tail Agency in Nebraska, after he surrendered with his people. He holds a heavy-barreled Remington Rolling Block rifle and an 1873 Colt Cavalry revolver (also check out his military garrison belt). – Courtesy Glen Swanson Collection –

After serving as field secretary to the governor during the Bannock War of 1878, Maj. Lee Moorhouse went on to become agent for Oregon’s Umatilla Indian Reservation in 1889. From 1888 to 1916, he produced more than 9,000 images of life in Umatilla County and the Columbia Basin, and he recorded on film these Bannock braves (from left) Jim Mukai and Ponga. – True West archives –

George Bird Grinnell invited Edward S. Curtis to photograph the Blackfoot in 1900, and a tour that included this photograph would lead, six years later, to J.P. Morgan funding Curtis’s monumental The North American Indian project. – True West archives –

An Arikara medicine ceremony, performed as a prayer offering for rain and food, had been banned by the U.S. government since about 1885; photographer Edward S. Curtis arranged for some Arikaras to perform the outlawed ritual in 1908. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

One of the pioneer photographers of Southwestern Indians, Timothy H. O’Sullivan traveled with Lt. George M. Wheeler’s survey west of the 100th Meridian during 1871-74. After some boats capsized, few of his 300 negatives survived the trip back East. This one, of “Apaches Indians, as they appear ready for the war-path,” made it. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

Despite a palsied hand, Crooked Hand, a Pawnee, gained notoriety as the “greatest warrior in the tribe,” anthropologist George Bird Grinnell reported. His son, Dog Chief, went on to serve as a U.S. Indian scout in the 1870s. This photo of Crooked Hand was taken circa 1870, three years before the warrior died. – Courtesy Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology –

The Utes traditionally made cradleboards out of willow, but the reservation period began a trend of inserting boards into buckskin sacks, like the cradleboard holding Peearat’s baby in this 1899 photograph. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

Edward S. Curtis photographed this Crow (Apsaroke) man, leaning back slightly, with strips of leather attached to his chest and tethered to a pole secured by rocks, participating in the piercing ritual of the Sun Dance that lasted at least four days; a dancer could not be freed until he experienced a vision. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

In the Yuma tradition, young men courted sweethearts by playing the flute. Isaiah West Taber photographed this Yuma musician from Arizona in San Francisco, California, circa 1885. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

Kiowa leader Hunting Horse stands with his daughters in this 1908 photograph by J.V. Dedrick of Taloga, Oklahoma. He served as a scout for Gen. George Custer, and he lived to be 107, dying in the same year, 1953, when this magazine was founded. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

Geronimo, whom Gen. Nelson Miles named the Human Tiger, looks tamed and subdued in this photograph. A similar photo of him in painted headgear introduced his autobiography, published in 1906. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

On the reservation in Lame Deer, Montana, Julia Tuell photographed Northern Cheyenne girls taking care of their deerskin dolls and arranging their small tipis in a circle just as their elders did in the big camp. – Courtesy Library of Congress –

Timothy H. O’Sullivan captured some of the traditional daily life among the Navajo in this 1873 photo taken near Old Fort Defiance in New Mexico of Navajos clustered around a loom, hunting equipment and drying maize. – Courtesy Library of Congress –