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Kindertransport

It’s 75 years since the Kindertransports began. You can examine documents from the period, and download them for use in the classroom, in our online resource ‘Kindertransport: Saving refugee children?’: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/topics/kindertransport.htm

Letter of concern sent to Lord Halifax, Foreign Secretary dated 31st 0ctober, 1938. The National Archives reference: HO 213/302.

Extract from the First Annual Report for the Movement for the Care of Children from Germany Limited, November 1938-1939. The National Archives reference: HO 213/302.

Evacuee children with nurse (England, 1940-1943)

A doll that belongs to Edith Rothchild, one of the kindertransport children. She had to smuggle the doll in her luggage because her mother told her she was too old for dolls.

The first transport from Berlin embarks at the Hook of Holland, December 1, 1938. Photo from The kindertransport Museum.

This is a May 26, 1939 children's identification card issued by the German police to Inge Engelhard in lieu of a passport when she traveled to England on a Kindertransport, stamped by immigration authorities in Harwich. She has been given the middle name of "Sara" obligatory to all Jewish females under the German Nuremberg laws, and she was declared stateless.

Daily Worker, 17 Feb 1943, The National Archives reference: FO 371/36653.

BBC Radio: Kindertransport. Kindertransport. Sue MacGregor gathers together some of the Jewish children who were brought to safety in England by the Kindertransport movement of the 1930s.

Jewish refugee children from Germany—part of a Children's Transport (Kindertransport)—at the holiday camp at Dovercourt Bay, near Harwich, shortly after their arrival in England. Dovercourt Bay, Great Britain, after December 2, 1938. Institute of Contemporary History and Wiener Library Limited

Many of the young refugees, like eight-year-old Josepha Salmon, arrived tired and alone.

A Jewish refugee boy leaving Germany on a train in 1938, playing the violin. Photo: The Wiener Library (Ref: WL31).

Jewish refugee children from Germany having their first meal in England at Dovercourt camp. Photo from The Wiener Library.

Kindertransport. Photograph from Quakers in Britain.

Austrian Jewish refugee children, members of one of the Childrens Transports (Kindertransporte), arrive at a London train station. Great Britain, February 2, 1939. Photograph from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Extract from a report by Women's Voluntary Services, 12th January 1939. The National Archives reference: MH 55/689

Young Jewish girls and teenagers arrive through the "kindertransport" at the Port of London in February, 1939. England agreed to accept the children in the weeks after Kristallnacht, a massive, coordinated attack by Nazis and mobs throughout Germany on the night of Nov. 9, 1938.

Thank you card for a Jewish holiday camp in England, c. late 1930s -- This card was made and signed by the young refugees as a thank you to Mr and Mrs Bond, the camp manager and his wife.

Letter from the British Foreign Office to the Netherlands Legation, 29th November 1938. The National Archives reference: FO 371/22538.

Violette Lecoq drawing of Ravensbruck concentration camp. The National Archives reference: RW 2/2

Refugee girl, part of a Children's Transport (Kindertransport), shortly after arrival in Harwich. Great Britain, December 2, 1938.