Rosa Lee Ingram & her 2 sons received the death penalty in 1948 for murdering a white landowner in rural Georgia. Civil Right activist represented them as an example of the emerging Cold War Politics. In 1947 Ms Ingram was angrily approached by John Stratford about livestock that roamed onto his property. Mr Stratford sexually attacked her. As she fought him off her teenage sons stuck him with farm equipment. Their case was appealed & their sentences were reduced to life in prison.
Bob Wood photo -- original AP caption -- "A Negro woman watches as robed Ku Klux Klansmen walk in downtown Montgomery, Alabama prior to a cross burning rally that night, November 24, 1956. Circulars advertising Klan meeting said, "We believe in white supremacy, we need you -- you need us." Negroes have boycotted city buses for nearly a year in protest against segregation."
"Most of the benefits of being white can be obtained without ever doing anything personally. Whites are given the privileges of a racist system, even if they're not personally racist." ~ John A. Powel, legal scholar [follow this link to find a short clip and analysis on the power of white privilege: http://www.thesociologicalcinema.com/1/post/2012/09/the-power-of-white-privilege.html]
Breast Ripper: Used as a way to punish women, the breast ripper was a painful and cruel way to mutilate a woman's breasts. The claws were used either hot or cold on the victim's exposed breasts. If the victim wasn't killed she would be scarred for life as her breasts were literally torn apart. This instrument was mostly reserved for women accused of conducting a miscarriage or those accused of adultery.
During the slave trade, millions of Africans were killed. Their lives torn apart from families and lived the rest of their lives to endure torture. One third of slaves died on the trip to the shipping ports.
January 23, 1957 · Montgomery, Alabama Willie Edwards Jr., a truck driver, was on his way to work when he was stopped by four Klansmen. The men mistook Edwards for another man who they believed was dating a white woman. They forced Edwards at gunpoint to jump off a bridge into the Alabama River. Edwards’ body was found three months later.