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National Preservation Month

The National Trust for Historic Preservation has designated May as National Preservation Month. This map features some of the buildings that are significant for their history, architecture and engineering. The content for this map was compiled by the GSA Rocky Mountain Region with contributions from other regions. To learn abut GSA's entire historic building inventory, visit the Historic Building Database at

63 Pins

National Preservation Month

  • 63 Pins

Federal Building, U.S. Post Office and Custom House in Saint Albans, VT. A handsome Colonial Revival building constructed in 1937-38 with the expansion of the U.S. Customs Service following the improvement of highway links across the Canadian border. Its marble wainscoted lobby contains the well-preserved Saltra murals depicting rural Vermont life.

Edward T. Gignoux U.S. Courthouse in Portland, ME. This was the first federal courthouse in Maine and was designed in a trapazoidal shape with an interior courtyard. It was built in two phases—the first in 1911 and the second in 1932.

U.S. Custom House in Portland, ME. The Portland Custom House was built between 1867 and 1872 to accommodate the city’s growing customs business, making Portland one of the most significant seaports in the country. It is the best remaining example of Alfred Mullett's work in the state of Maine and continues to serve its original function.

John O. Pastore Federal Building and U.S. Post Office, Providence, RI. The post office annex, as it was first called, was built in 1940. The three-story Pastore Federal Building is an example of Stripped Classical architectural style, with Art Deco elements. Photo by Carol M. Highsmith.

Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse, Providence, RI. Completed in 1908 this building is a notable example of the Beaux Arts style and was hailed as one of the finest federal buildings outside of Washington. Photos by Carol M. Highsmith.

John F. Kennedy Federal Building, Boston, MA. Constructed in 1966 of concrete, granite and glass, it is one of the federal government’s most noteworthy Modern designs. It consists of twin 26-story high-rises connected by a glass atrium and attached to a 4-story low rise by a glass-enclosed walkway and a two-story lobby.

Harold D. Donohue Federal Building, Worcester, MA. As Worcester expanded in the twentieth century, it needed a courthouse, federal office space and a larger post office. In 1930 the 1897 post office was demolished and the site utilized for the current building.

The John W. McCormack U.S. Post Office and Courthouse (POCH) was constructed in downtown Boston in 1931-1933 as a monumental expression of the city's regional and national stature. It occupies an entire city block that measures 227'x 207' x 248' x 201'.

▶ To make way for a new courthouse in Salt Lake City, the Odd Fellows Hall was relocated to preserve this historic gem.

Cotter Federal Building: Designed in 1930 by the architects Malmfeldt, Adams and Prentice, the William R. Cotter Federal Building was one of the first buildings constructed during the ambitious public works program generated by the Depression. The exterior was designed in the architectural style known as "Starved Classicism," which spanned the narrow line between classicism and modernism, a characteristic of public buildings of the period.

Construction of the U.S. Post Office and Courthouse began in 1933. Local architect Robert F. Smallwood designed the building, which opened on April 1, 1935, and cost $325,000 to build. At the time of its completion, it was one of the largest and most expensive buildings in the Eastern Carolina region.

The Federal Building and United States Courthouse is a four story white marble building in the Classical Revival style. It occupies an entire block on 5th Avenue, between 18th and 19th Streets in the Central Business District of downtown Birmingham. The original building (1921) was two stories high, above a full basement. In the later 1930's a two story addition was constructed appearing as a third level and an attic below a hipped roof.

The size, scale and character of this building reflect the growth of the federal government as an institution. It is also noteworthy as being relatively typical of other Federal buildings of the era, and by being built by the Work Projects Administration which offered employment to construction workers and craftsmen.

US Border Naco AZ Port of Entry in Naco, AZ: The Naco Border Station is a U.S. customs and immigration station on the U.S.-Mexico border in Naco, Arizona. The main building is an exceptional example of the Pueblo Revival style, constructed in 1936. The border station is a two story stucco and wood building with elaborate carved and painted decorations. Features of the building which are typical of the "Pueblo" style include flat roofs, battered and rounded walls, parapet walls, cutouts, terraces, verandas, roughly hewn rafters and cross pieces (vigas and latias), water spouts (canales), and hewn window lintels. There is also a porte cochere on the front of the building and a decorative, rough-hewn ladder. It has an unusually fine degree of artistry and integrity of the original design which make it unique among southern border stations and an exceptional example of Pueblo style buildings.

US Custom House in San Francisco, CA: In 1905, Eames & Young, a St. Louis architectural firm, won a national design competition for a new custom house. William S. Eames and Thomas Crane Young were the principals of the prominent firm. They designed the building in the Beaux Arts Classicism style, which was popular as part of the City Beautiful movement that sought to create more appealing urban centers. The U.S. Custom House was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. After the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, seismic and other upgrades were made from 1993 to 1997. While the building continues to serve many of its original purposes, the U.S. Customs Service is now the U.S. Customs and Border Protection, part of the Department of Homeland Security.

The Federal Building is an important local representative of the Beaux Arts style and a major work of a regionally prominent architect, Starks & Flanders. Built between 1932 and 1933 as the U.S. Post Office and Courthouse Building, it is an important civic landmark representative of the city of Sacramento's newly realized position of economic and political significance in northern California.

The U.S. Courthouse, built between 1937 and 1940 as the U.S. Post Office and Court House, was the third federal building constructed in Los Angeles. The U.S. Courthouse has been the venue for a number of notable court cases, beginning in the 1940s with paternity cases against Clark Gable and Charlie Chaplin, and a breach of contract suit filed by Bette Davis against Warner Brothers. The House Un-American Activities Committee met in the building in 1947 to gather information on Hollywood personalities suspected of Communist involvement. In 1973 the federal government case against Daniel Ellsberg for leaking the "Pentagon Papers" was heard in the U.S. Courthouse.

Originally called the U.S. Post Office and Customs House, the Jacob Weinberger U.S. Courthouse also housed the U.S. District Court, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), and the U.S. Weather Bureau. Even though the Courthouse was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1975, it was abandoned for the following decade. Attention refocused on the building in 1985, when much of the interior was gutted for conversion to INS offices. That same year, however, champions of historic preservation campaigned to restore the building. In 1994, an award-winning renovation and restoration project renewed the historic lobby and main courtroom to their original beauty while creating new offices and courtrooms that evoked the elegant style of the 1913 period.

The James A. Walsh U.S. Courthouse was constructed during 1929-1930 as a U.S. Post Office and Courthouse. Acting Supervising Architect of the Treasury, James A. Wetmore, designed the building in 1928-1929. The post office operated in the building until 1974. The building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. In 1985, the building was renamed in honor of James A. Walsh, who served as a federal district judge from 1952 to 1981. For the first eighteen years of his tenure Walsh was the only judge in the U.S. District Court in Tucson.

The Federal Office Building at 50 United Nations Plaza, San Francisco was completed in 1936 and was part of the Civic Center plan devised by San Francisco in the wake of the 1906 earthquake and Fire. Today, it is the Regional Office for GSA's Pacific Rim Region and has been honored with a LEED Platinum certification from the U.S. Green Buildings Council.

Representing one of the last bastions of Romanesque Revival architecture in the Midwest. It currently houses both a U.S. District and U.S. Bankruptcy court & remains an exquisite example of Richardsonian Style. The courthouse earned Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED®) certification for existing buildings in July 2013 and was designated an ENERGY STAR® building in 2000, with re-designation in 2010.

Federal Building and US Courthouse in Wheeling, WV: Selection of the site in 1902 was initially criticized for its lack of visual prominence & its distance from the city center. Shortly after construction, commercial development shifted northwards toward the new building. The construction of the federal building was an important local event for the prosperous industrial city of Wheeling, setting a high standard for architectural excellence.

U.S. Custom House, Baltimore, MD: The cornerstone was laid on June 13, 1903, and work had proceeded almost to the third floor when Baltimore suffered its disastrous fire of 1904. The Custom House sustained a good deal of damage. However, eventually construction continued and the building was finally finished and occupied at the end of 1907.

William J. Nealon Federal Building and United States Courthouse: This building is part of a group of civic and commercial buildings in an historic district centered around the Lackawanna Courthouse on Scranton's public square. Most of these buildings were constructed during the period from the 1880's to the 1930's, the period of Scranton's greatest significance.

Federal Post Office And Courthouse: This buildings was designed by New York architects Trowbridge & Livingston in the late 1920s. It represents the rise of western Pennsylvania, and Pittsburgh in particular, to national political and economic prominence. It represents a period when the Federal Government was aggressively expanding its presence in cities small and big, all across the country.

U.S. Post Office: This building is significant in the local context for two reasons: its role in politics and government, and its architectural character. Since its completion in 1917, this single building has been a main local representative of the federal government, first in the territory and later in the state of Hawaii.

Chet Holifield Federal Building: The building has a remarkable stepped pyramid silhouette that is rare in American architecture. The unusual form references ziggurats, ancient Mesopotamian temples.

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit: The remarkable lack of major alterations which the building has seen through 75 years, and the considerable care taken in its upkeep, are also of major significance. Aside from the 1933 wing addition, the building exists today in very close to its original condition. The building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.

The Appraisers Building was designed as a replacement for the Angel Island quarantine station operated by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Upper floors of the Appraisers Building were originally a "detention hotel" with private rooms, dormitories, day rooms, outdoor terraces, and multiple kitchens to provide for various ethnic cuisine. These spaces were utilized until about 1960, after which the I.N.S. ceased detaining any persons overnight in the Appraisers Building.

Providence Federal Building: This building was constructed in 1904-08 as the city's third Federal building. It is an exceptionally well-conceived example of the classical Beaux Arts style design favored for monumental public buildings at the turn of the century.

Captain John Foster Williams Coast Guard Building: The federal building in Boston is named for Captain John Foster Williams (1743-1814), a prominent figure in U.S. naval history. Williams was born in Boston, Massachusetts and started his career at sea at the age of fifteen.

Thurgood Marshall US Courthouse: In the early nineteenth century, what is now known as Foley Square was part of an immigrant district known as Five Points. By the 1850s, the neighborhood, home to the "Den of Thieves" (actually the Old Brewery) and "Murderers' Alley," was infamous as one of the poorest and most dangerous slums in the world. Gradually, the condition of the neighborhood, as well as its somewhat exaggerated reputation, improved.

Alexander Hamilton US Custom House: Completed early in the 20th century, the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House in New York City celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2007. This beaux-arts treasure is ranked as one of the most significant historic buildings in GSA’s national inventory.

The Robert C. McEwen U.S. Custom House is the oldest building in Ogdensburg, New York, and the oldest within the General Services Administration's building inventory. Constructed 1809-1810, the building is closely linked to the development of Ogdensburg and shipping along the St. Lawrence River.

Minneapolis Federal Office Building: The three-story Federal Building in Minneapolis, Minn., was first constructed for use as a U.S. Post Office in 1913 and transformed into a federal office building in the 1930s. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Federal Building covers one square block and is within blocks of the U.S. Courthouse and several state and city government buildings.

The 1910 Howard M. Metzenbaum U.S. Courthouse in Cleveland, Ohio, is one of the more than 200 legacy properties under GSA's stewardship.

The Birch Bayh Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse was built in the Beaux Arts style in 1905. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974, it is an excellent example of the Classical Revival style of architecture popular for public buildings at the turn of the century. The building was named for former Indiana State Legislator and U.S. Senator Birch Bayh.

This monumental granite building was begun in 1848 and built over a period of 33 years. The grand Marble Hall in the center of the building is one of the finest Greek Revival interiors in the United States.

A skillful example of Beaux-Arts classicism, the U.S. Post Office and Courthouse is indicative of the federal government's goal of expressing democratic ideals through classically derived architecture featuring grand scale, symmetry, and refined details. Significant events: In 2000, the building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and in 2012, the modernization earns the building a LEED Platinum certification.

Bannister Federal Complex: All GSA offices at Bannister are scheduled to move to their new location at 2 Pershing Square in Kansas City, Mo., December 2014. The move is expected to be completed in spring of 2015. All federal agencies will vacate Bannister in 2015.

The Robert A. Young Federal Building, sometimes referred to as the "RAY" building, stands 20 stories tall and provides functional office space for many federal agencies. Built in 1931, the building was originally a warehouse for the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis before the federal government acquired it in 1941.

The Grand Island Federal Building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2006 to recognize its architectural significance and contribution to community development.

Federal Building: In the 1950's, the movie "Cry Vengeance" was filmed in the Ketchikan Federal Building and the original layout of the first floor lobby can be seen in some of the scenes.

James M. Fitzgerald United States Courthouse and Federal Building: Constructed almost twenty years before Alaska became the forty-ninth state, the Federal Building in Anchorage symbolized the U.S. government's commitment to the economic growth and development of the territory. Providing residents with a post office, courthouse, and other federal services, it was the first large federal building constructed in Anchorage.

James A. Redden U.S. Courthouse is significant as the earliest remaining federal courthouse in southern Oregon. It represents the early embodiment of the federal government in that region.

Eugene Federal Building and U.S.Courthouse: Played a significant civil role in the early 1970s and during the Vietnam War. The plaza was and remains a favored venue as a stage for protests against the government's policies. There is demonstration activity weekly. Large demonstrations occurred in the spring of 2003, over the U.S. invasion of Iraq, in 1991, with a demonstration against the U.S. invasion of Kuwait and in 1992, due to the Rodney King beating.

Gus Solomon Courthouse: In 1989, the Courthouse was given its current name to honor Gus J. Solomon, a judge who served the U.S. District Court for 37 years—longer than any other judge in Oregon. Judge Solomon, who was appointed to his position by President Harry Truman in 1949, was known as a strong advocate of civil rights and freedom of speech.

The Pioneer Courthouse: Pioneer Courthouse, in Portland, Oregon, has been home since 1875 to the United States Courts in the State of Oregon. A National Historic Landmark, the courthouse is currently the Oregon home for the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Henry M. Jackson Federal Building: The 1950s and 1960s were a dynamic time for federal architecture. Architects enthusiastically experimented with new building materials and technologies to create buildings that were functional for users, efficient to construct, and economical both during construction and once occupied. The Henry M. Jackson Federal Building embodies these trends and is an excellent example of high-quality federal architecture with its distinctive Modern characteristics and distinguished design.

William O. Douglas Courthouse: In 1884, the Northern Pacific Railway began operation through the largely agricultural Yakima County in Central Washington. Although the railroad bypassed Yakima, the county seat, Northern Pacific moved the entire town--and its one hundred buildings--four miles north. The new site was named North Yakima. The north designation was dropped by the action of the state legislature in 1918. With a term of more than 36 years, Justice Douglas remains the longest-serving justice in Supreme Court history. The building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

William Kenzo Nakamura U.S. Courthouse: Completed in 1940, the William Kenzo Nakamura U.S. Courthouse was the first single-purpose federal courthouse in the western United States. The building represents the United States' commitment to democratic ideals and evokes the stability, permanence, and authority of the federal government.

Tacoma Union Station: The U.S. Courthouse at Union Station is a highly successful adaptive use of a Tacoma landmark. Tacoma's reputation as the "City of Destiny" began when it was chosen by the Northern Pacific Company in 1873 as the western terminus of the northern route of the transcontinental railroad, then under construction.

Wayne Aspinall Federal Building & Courthouse: Modernization of the Wayne Aspinall Federal Building and US Courthouse preserves historic character while transforming the landmark into one of the most energy efficient federal buildings in the country. Sustainable strategies include a roof canopy-mounted 123 kW photovoltaic array (generating electricity on-site to power 15 average homes). Photo courtesy Sunsense.

Byron White Federal Courthouse: The Byron White U.S. Courthouse, built in 1916, is a Neo-classical Revival style building. Clad in white Colorado Yule marble, the main partico is lined with sixteen colossal Ionic columns that really make it stand out from other downtown buildings.

U.S. Customs House: The Federal Building and US Custom House in downtown Denver was originally completed in 1931, with an addition completed in 1937. There is an elaborate marble surround at the main entry on the 19th Street facade with engaged columns on both sides and a carved eagle at the keystone. The three entry doors are bronze with leaded glass lights and bronze leaded glass transoms above. There is a decorative bronze fan located above the doors.

Ronald N. Davies Federal Building & U.S. Courthouse: Construction of the Ronald N. Davies Federal Building Court House was originally completed in 1906, and a large expansion to the east was completed in 1936. It is one of the earliest monumental civic structures in Grand Forks. The building was designed in the Beaux Arts style and incorporates balustrades, cornices, pilasters, and lavish decorations.

Quentin N. Burdick Federal Courthouse: Built in 1931 in the Renaissance Revival style, this 3 story building is faced with limestone. Its most notable features are the ten ionic engaged columns alternated with tall window openings and cast iron spandrels.

Ewing T. Kerr Federal Building & Courthouse: The 1932 Neo-classical building is three stories and a basement. The character defining elements on the building exterior are the height, size, and materials. The entrance doors on the west side are original. They are important contributors to the character of the building.

Forest Service Building: Still occupied by the U.S. Forest Service, this 1933 Art Deco building is not only listed on the National Register, but contributes to the Ogden Art Deco Building Thematic Resources listing for simarly styled buildings found in Ogden, UT. The building is clad with terra cotta and brick in gradated colors from bottom to top.

Mike Mansfield Federal Building & Courthouse: The initial construction phase of the Mike Mansfield Federal Building and Courthouse in Butte, Montana was completed in 1904. An addition that nearly doubled the size of the original building was completed in 1933. The building reflects the Renaissance Revival Style with its use of cream colored, rusticated terra cotta on the first level. Above the belt course, the second and third level facade material changes to red brick with terra cotta trim details.

Missoula Courthouse & Post Office: Classical architecture provided the symbolic appearance of federal authority in those communities that were becoming commercial or governmental centers in the early 1900's. As the building neared completion in 1912, an article in the Daily Missoulian newspaper was cited as having read, "A handsome structure, an ornament to the city."

The Sioux Falls U.S. Courthouse is an original 1892 Richardsonian Romanesque style building. The primary exterior building material is a local reddish quartzite and it is used skillfully with different finishes to delineate arched opening and decorative elements.

Frank E. Moss United States Courthouse. Three original courtrooms remain, as well as much of their original configuration and appearance. There are two identical courtrooms, like the one shown, with full height dark stained red oak paneling, punctuated with Corninthian columns and pilasters, and original lighting and furniture.