Portrait of Herschel Grynszpan taken after his arrest by French authorities for the assassination of German diplomat Ernst vom Rath. November 7, 1938.

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Exterior view of the old synagogue in Aachen, built in 1862. 1938.

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View of the Zerrennerstrasse synagogue in Pforzheim. 1930.

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The Star of David atop the Zerrennerstrasse synagogue in Pforzheim lies bent over the cupola as a result of the burning of the synagogue on ...

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Torah scrolls desecrated during the Kristallnacht pogrom, are displayed on the fourth floor of the permanent exhibition at the U.S. Holocaus...

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A pile of Hebrew prayerbooks and other Jewish religious texts damaged by fire at the synagogue in Bobenhausen II, District Vogelsberg, durin...

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Newly arrived prisoners, still in their civilian clothes, and after shaving and disinfection, stand at roll call in Buchenwald concentration...

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German women whose relatives had desecrated the Straubing synagogue on Kristallnacht are forced to clean it on the strong suggestion of Amer...

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A prayer in both Hebrew and Dutch to be recited on Sabbath and holidays in memory of the victims of Kristallnacht. The Netherlands, 1938.

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Prayerbooks lie scattered on the floor of the choir loft in the Zerrennerstrasse synagogue, destroyed on Kristallnacht. November 10, 1938.

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On the morning after Kristallnacht local residents watch as the Ober Ramstadt synagogue is destroyed by fire. The local fire department prev...

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On the morning after Kristallnacht local residents watch as the Ober Ramstadt synagogue is destroyed by fire. The local fire department prev...

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A large crowd attends a memorial service for the first anniversary of Kristallnacht in an auditorium in Shanghai. November 12, 1939.

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Studio portraits of Heinz Landman taken before and after his incarceration in Dachau on Kristallnacht. 1938.

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Studio portraits of Joseph Landman taken before and after his incarceration in Dachau on Kristallnacht. 1938.

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After the Kristallnacht ("Night of the Broken Glass") pogrom, German civilians line the streets to watch the forced march of Jewish men thro...

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The holy ark in the sanctuary of the Seitenstetten Street synagogue, demolished during Kristallnacht. Vienna, ...

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The last remaining wall of the Boerneplatz synagogue, destroyed during the Kristallnacht pogrom. Onlookers watch d...

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As the synagogue in Oberramstadt burns during Kristallnacht firefighters instead save a nearby house. Local r...

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Guards force Jews, arrested during Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"), to march through the town of Baden-Baden, Germany. November 1...

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View of the old synagogue in Aachen after its destruction on Kristallnacht. November 10, 1938.

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View of the sanctuary of the synagogue in Elsdorf, Germany before its destruction on Kristallnacht. 1938.

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View of the old synagogue in Aachen after its destruction on Kristallnacht. November 10, 1938.

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View of the old synagogue in Aachen after its destruction on Kristallnacht. November 10, 1938.

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View of the old synagogue in Aachen after its destruction on Kristallnacht. November 10, 1938.

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