The Holocaust in Hungary

March 2014 marks the 70th anniversary of the German occupation of Hungary. Prior to the occupation, Hungarian Jews experienced legal discrimination, and able-bodied Jewish men were subject to compulsory labor. Under the German occupation, Hungarian Jews were further persecuted. Many were forced to live in ghettos, or were deported to Auschwitz and other camps.
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Gyula and Flora Breuer  sit for a studio portrait in Kolombus, Hungary. They are wearing Star of David badges. July 1944

Gyula and Flora Breuer sit for a studio portrait in Kolombus, Hungary. They are wearing Star of David badges. July 1944

Jewish women and children deported from Hungary, separated from the men, line up for selection. Auschwitz camp, Poland, May 1944.

Jewish women and children deported from Hungary, separated from the men, line up for selection. Auschwitz camp, Poland, May 1944.

Raoul Wallenberg in his office in the Swedish legation. Budapest, Hungary, November 26, 1944.

Raoul Wallenberg in his office in the Swedish legation. Budapest, Hungary, November 26, 1944.

Studio portrait of Karl Somlo wearing the Jewish star in Budapest. 1944.

Studio portrait of Karl Somlo wearing the Jewish star in Budapest. 1944.

Portrait of Anna Csech (later Klein), a member of the Hungarian Zionist youth resistance organization. 1944.

Portrait of Anna Csech (later Klein), a member of the Hungarian Zionist youth resistance organization. 1944.

Class portrait of students and teachers in the fourth grade of the Jewish high school in Budapest. 1941-1942.

Class portrait of students and teachers in the fourth grade of the Jewish high school in Budapest. 1941-1942.

Jewish conscripts in Company 108/57 of the Hungarian Labor Service at forced labor clearing snow from a road. 1941-1942.

Jewish conscripts in Company 108/57 of the Hungarian Labor Service at forced labor clearing snow from a road. 1941-1942.

A Jewish child from Slovakia poses with the Hungarian woman who hid her in Budapest during the last six months of the war. 1944-1945.

A Jewish child from Slovakia poses with the Hungarian woman who hid her in Budapest during the last six months of the war. 1944-1945.

A letter of protection (Schutzpass), issued by the Swedish legation in Budapest, to the Hungarian Jew Lili Katz. The document bears the init...

A letter of protection (Schutzpass), issued by the Swedish legation in Budapest, to the Hungarian Jew Lili Katz. The document bears the init...

A father and son, wearing a Jewish badge, in front of their machine shop in the Debrecen ghetto. 1944.

A father and son, wearing a Jewish badge, in front of their machine shop in the Debrecen ghetto. 1944.

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