Polaire was the stage name used by French singer and actress Émilie Marie Bouchaud (1874-1939). her fame increased significantly when Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec's sketch of her appeared in the satirical magazine Le Rire; in 1900, attention grew again, when her portrait was painted by Leonetto Cappiello. She was famous for her tiny, corsetted waist, which was reported to be 14" with a 38" bust inches. She stood 5'3". In the 1920s she began wearing a nose-piercing.