One of history’s first doctors, Hesire, was the “Chief of Tooth-Doctors and Doctors” at the court of the Old Kingdom pharaoh Djoser. Hesire, from his tomb at Saqqara, Egypt, Dynasty III, Wood. Egyptian Museum, Cairo. ca. 2650 BCE.
The south tomb at Saqqara is thought to be a symbolic burial place for the ka of King Djoser. The rooms in the south tomb were originally completely covered in beautiful blue faience tiles, which were meant to imitate the reed matting that ancient Egyptians used to construct their homes. These same tiles were used underneath the Step Pyramid to decorate the chambers and tunnels leading to Djoser's burial chamber.
Hemiunu (2570 BC) is believed to be the architect of the Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt. A son of Prince Nefermaat and his wife Itet, a grandson of Sneferu and relative of Khufu, the Old Kingdom pharaoh. In his tomb he is described as a hereditary prince, count, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt. His unidealized body is shown as flabby, with accumulation of fat in the pectoral region. This contrasts with the more usual virile representations of royal male subjects.
Scribe statuette of Setka, son of Djedefre. Egypt, 4th Dynasty. Polished granite, 30 cm x 23 cm x 17 cm. The podest of the statue is made of polished limestone, its surface is engraved with Setka's name and titles. “Eldest King's Son of His Body; Unique Servant of the King”. Found in his father pyramid complex in Abu Rawash in 1901 by French archeologist Émile Chassinat.
Khufu was the son of Pharaoh Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres. He was the second Pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty and ruled from 2589 BC - 2566 BC. The Great Pyramid of Giza was built for Pharaoh Khufu and was completed in 2560 BC. It is more then 4,500 years old.